Major in Philosophy (B.A.)
PHI 110Contemporary Moral Issues3
PHI 125MIntroduction to Logic3
Choose one from the following Contemporary or Global Philosophy courses:3
The Modern Mind
Philosophies of Race and Gender in America
Introduction to Gender Studies
Philosophies of Love and Sex
Medieval Islamic Philosophy
Film and the Modern Sensibility
PHI 251History of Philosophy I3
PHI 252History of Philosophy II3
PHI 320Ethics: Theory and Practice4
PHI 390Epistemology and Metaphysics4
PHI 499Senior Seminar4
Electives from philosophy courses, of which at least 3 credits must be from 300 level or above6
Major *33
General Education49-50
Electives39-40
Total Credits122

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B.A. in Philosophy 2018-2019: Option 1 - CWILT

First Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
GES 130 Christianity Western Culture4Elective 3BIB 101 Introduction to the Bible3
GES 140 Introduction to Wellbeing3 GES 125 Introduction to the Creative Arts4
GES 160 Inquiry Seminar3 PHI 125M Introduction to Logic3
PHI 110 Contemporary Moral Issues3 Second Language (S) course1 4
 13 3 14
Second Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
PHI 251 History of Philosophy I3Elective 3PHI 252 History of Philosophy II3
THE 201 Christian Theology3 Philosophy elective 3
Laboratory Science (D) course 4 Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course 3
Elective 3 Elective 4
  Cross-Cultural Experience (Z) course 0-3
 13 3 13-16
Third Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
Philosophy elective 3Science, Technology, and Society (K) course 3PHI 320 Ethics: Theory and Practice4
Interpreting Biblical Themes (J) course 3 Philosophy elective 4
World Cultures (U) course 3 Comparative Systems (G) course 3
Leisure and Lifetime Sports (Q) course 1 Elective 3
Elective 4  
Artistic Experience (A) course 0-3  
 14-17 3 14
Fourth Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
PHI 499 Senior Seminar4Interim Off PHI 390 Epistemology and Metaphysics4
Electives 11 Contemporary Christian Issues (P) course 3
  Electives 9
 15 0 16
Total Credits 121-127

Note: The Philosophy Department encourages semester abroad programs (e.g. Oxford). See your adviser or the department chair for details.

If a student chooses to use major requirements to count also as General Education requirements, the number of elective hours will be increased accordingly. 

Most financial aid packages stipulate 12 credits/semester; Minnesota state grants are reduced when credit load falls below 15 credits/semester. (Interim credits may be split between fall and spring for state grant purposes only.)

B.A. in Philosophy 2018-2019: Option 2 - Humanities

First Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
GES 140 Introduction to Wellbeing3GES 147 Humanities II: Renaissance and Reformation4GES 244 Humanities III: European Enlightenment and American Culture to 18774
GES 145 Humanities I: Greco-Roman through Middle Ages4 PHI 125M Introduction to Logic3
BIB 101 Introduction to the Bible3 Second Language (S) course1 4
PHI 110 Contemporary Moral Issues3 Elective 3
 13 4 14
Second Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
PHI 251 History of Philosophy I3Elective 3PHI 252 History of Philosophy II3
Laboratory Science (D) course 4 Philosophy elective 3
GES 246 Humanities IV: Modern and Contemporary Western Culture4 Electives 7
Elective 3 Cross-Cultural Experience (Z) course 0-3
 14 3 13-16
Third Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
Philosophy elective 3Science, Technology, and Society (K) course 3PHI 320 Ethics: Theory and Practice4
Interpreting Biblical Themes (J) course 3 Philosophy elective 4
World Cultures (U) course 3 Comparative Systems (G) course 3
Leisure and Lifetime Sports (Q) course 1 Elective 3
Elective 4  
Artistic Experience (A) course 0-3  
 14-17 3 14
Fourth Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
PHI 499 Senior Seminar4Interim Off PHI 390 Epistemology and Metaphysics4
Electives 12 Contemporary Christian Issues (P) course 3
  Electives 7
 16 0 14
Total Credits 122-128

Note: The Philosophy Department encourages semester abroad programs (e.g. Oxford). See your adviser or the department chair for details.

If a student chooses to use major requirements to count also as General Education requirements, the number of elective hours will be increased accordingly. 

Most financial aid packages stipulate 12 credits/semester; Minnesota state grants are reduced when credit load falls below 15 credits/semester. (Interim credits may be split between fall and spring for state grant purposes only.)

Overview

The Ministry Scholars program is Bethel University's 5-year Bachelor's Degree and Master of Arts in Ministry program that reduces cost and time-to-completion by streamlining undergraduate and graduate education. Graduates receive a Bachelor's degree from Bethel University's College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) and a Master of Arts in Ministry from Bethel Seminary. This program is well suited for a variety of majors who want to become equipped to lead churches, parachurch organizations, and other ministries. It is also a good fit for ministry-minded students who want to pursue bi-vocational ministry or work outside of professional ministry. Students learn from successful ministry leaders and experts in Biblical and Theological Studies, Spiritual and Personal Formation, and Transformational Leadership. This program offers supplemental training resources, cohort-based activities, and mentorship opportunities to prepare ministry-minded students for effective ministry leadership. Students also gain valuable field experience in local churches and ministry settings.

The objectives of the program are that graduates will demonstrate age-appropriate growth and ultimately ministry leadership preparedness in the following domains:

  1. Spiritual life: Students will grow spiritually, deepening their love for, commitment to, and dependence on God, and develop an instinct to trust in God and to connect intimately with God.
  2. Discernment of call: They will clarify and reaffirm their sense of calling to glorify God, to work in Christ’s church and to serve humanity sacrificially.
  3. Emotional maturity: They will become emotionally mature adults, possessing the ability to sense and manage emotions, to see others’ perspectives, to sympathize and empathize, to follow and lead as appropriate and to foster healthy relationships.
  4. Cultural competence: They will become culturally aware, gaining a perspective that all cultures possess strengths and vulnerabilities, an ability to work across cultural lines and an appreciation that diverse teams are stronger teams.
  5. Bible knowledge: They will gain a clear understanding of the Bible’s content and a deep and abiding passion for the truth of the Gospel.
  6. Spiritual wisdom: They will grow in wisdom, possessing a capacity to apply the Bible so that others are inspired by their teaching and preaching to live out biblical truth and experience human flourishing.
  7. Intellectual virtues: They will develop virtues such as critical thinking, respect for data, intellectual humility, and thirst for learning, combined with the skill to interpret and teach the Bible accurately.
  8. Leadership capacity: They will learn to follow leaders and to lead followers—enlisting people, building teams, leading change and achieving results.
  9. Godly character: They will become virtuous people—individuals who love others, speak truth, live humbly, sacrifice their own interests, live justly, express joy and show compassion.

What is Bethel looking for in a Ministry Scholar?

  • Minimum of 3.0 GPA (cumulative college grade point average or unweighted high school GPA if the student has less than one year of college experience), and maintenance of 3.0 minimum GPA throughout the duration of the Ministry Scholars program while enrolled at CAS and Seminary.

  • Able to provide a pastoral or ministry leader reference that speaks to the student’s character and call to ministry.

  • Committed to prioritizing activities and retreats offered for Ministry Scholars, enabling the individual to develop a strong sense of community.

Click here for more information on the Ministry Scholars program at Bethel University

PHI 105 • Meaning, Persons, and God. 3 Credits.

Addresses some central questions of philosophy about the meaning of life, the nature of morality, and the existence of God. Takes students on a philosophical journey with a professor, explores answers proposed by great thinkers of the past and present, and helps students develop their own ideas.
Offered: Occasionally.

PHI 110 • Contemporary Moral Issues. 3 Credits.

A moral analysis of abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment, sexual morality, and self-interest. Ethical approaches of Plato, Hobbes, Butler, Bentham, Mill, Ross, Rawls, and Kant. Develop­ment of principles of love and justice, and the role of a Christian in society. Emphasis on moral decision making.
Offered: Fall, interim, spring.

PHI 120 • Philosophy Through Film. 3 Credits.

Viewing and discussion of films that raise intriguing philosophical issues, combined with reading classical texts in philosophy in order to develop reflective, reasoned responses to some of life’s basic questions.
Offered: Spring, even # years.

PHI 125M • Introduction to Logic. 3 Credits.

A study of standard forms of deductive and inductive logical reasoning, critical thinking, and informal fallacies. Covers rules for evaluating arguments and acquaints students with ways to distinguish good arguments from bad ones, with the goal of problem solving and making reasonable decisions about beliefs and actions.
Offered: Spring.

PHI 210L • The Modern Mind. 3 Credits.

Themes and movements that have shaped European and American culture in the last 200 years, drawing on significant works in philosophy, literature, and art. Reflection on the personal and cultural meanings of living in the modern age.
Prerequisites: GES 130 and GES 160 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Fall

PHI 220L • Philosophies of Race and Gender in America. 3 Credits.

Investigates the impact of theories of race and gender on life and thought in contemporary America. Analyzes the philosophical concepts and arguments underlying the historical development of these theories. Critically evaluates the philosophical commitments inherent in the moral and religious language used in discussions of race and gender in America.
Prerequisites: GES 130 and GES 160 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Fall

PHI 223L • Introduction to Gender Studies. 3 Credits.

Provides a philosophical grounding in the field of Gender Studies. Introduces a broad spectrum of theories and ideas about gender, and explores key debates within the field. Examines how theories of gender emerge as well as shape and influence individual lives and social contexts in America and beyond.
Prerequisites: GES 130 and GES 160 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Spring

PHI 228L • Philosophies of Love and Sex. 3 Credits.

Examines different perspectives on the nature of love and sexuality. Defines and distinguishes features associated with different types of love and sexuality. Explores norms concerning both, and critically examines their role in contemporary American society.
Prerequisites: GES 130 and GES 160 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently); one completed PHI course recommended. Offered: Spring, Occasionally

PHI 230U • Medieval Islamic Philosophy. 3 Credits.

From 800-1200 A.D., Arabic civilization was the world’s center of intellectual, cultural, and economic developments. A study of the philosophical and theological thought developed in the Arabic world during the medieval period, and its influence on later intellectual traditions, including the Western Christian tradition.
Prerequisites: GES 130 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Spring

PHI 235L • Film and the Modern Sensibility. 3 Credits.

An exploration of film as an art form and as an expression of the meanings of “modernism.” Why film is a uniquely modern art form is addressed, as well as those themes that identify the “modern sensibility.” Films such as Citizen Kane, Rashomon, Do the Right Thing, Beloved, Tender Mercies, Apocalypse Now, and others are viewed and analyzed.
Prerequisites: GES 130 and GES 160 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently); one completed PHI course recommended. Offered: Occasionally interim. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in English.

PHI 251 • History of Philosophy I. 3 Credits.

Development of Western philosophy from its origin with the ancient Greeks to the time of the Renaissance, emphasizing the works of Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, and Thomas Aquinas.
Prerequisites: One philosophy course. Offered: Fall

PHI 252 • History of Philosophy II. 3 Credits.

Philosophical traditions beginning with the rise of modern science, including the Continental rationalists, British empiricists, Kant, and Hegel, and tracing 19th century reactions to idealism and subsequent developments in Continental and Anglo-American philosophy in the 20th century.
Prerequisites: One philosophy course. Offered: Spring

PHI 301 • Symbolic Logic. 4 Credits.

A study of symbolic logic including standard translations from arguments in natural language, methods of quantification and formal proofs of validity, and an introduction to modal logic. Focus on the application of symbolic logic to philosophical arguments.
Prerequisites: PHI 125M or MAT 241. Offered: Occasionally

PHI 302 • Philosophy and Film. 4 Credits.

What can philosophy contribute to the critical discussion of film? How does film present philosophical arguments? Why is film a unique art form? Are the worlds of film real? In what ways do films have meaning? Questions such as these are considered in the context of classic and contemporary films, as well as recent philosophical discussions of film.
Prerequisites: FLM 200 and one philosophy course, or consent of the instructor. Offered: Occasionally spring

PHI 305G • Philosophy of Religion. 3 Credits.

Study of issues central to religious belief. Explores different approaches to the relation of faith and reason, the sources of religious knowledge, the nature of God, the problem of evil, religious diversity, and the afterlife.
Prerequisites: [GES 130; GES 160; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 244; World Cultures (U) course]. Offered: Spring

PHI 310 • Aesthetics. 3 Credits.

Problems and perspectives concerning the nature of art and aesthetic experience. Questions such as “What is art?” “What is good art?” and “What good is art?” in the context of the visual arts, music, literature, and film. The relationships among aesthetic, moral, and religious values are explored.
Prerequisites: GES 125. Offered: Fall

PHI 315 • Kierkegaard and Existentialism. 4 Credits.

The meanings and influence of the works of Sören Kierkegaard, 19th century Danish philosopher. Topics may include Kierkegaard’s philosophical style, his views on the nature of the self and authentic existence, freedom and despair, religious faith, Kierkegaard as social critic, and the elaboration of these themes by other existentialists. Readings from Kierkegaard’s works and those of later existentialists.
Prerequisites: One philosophy course. Offered: Spring, odd # years

PHI 316 • Consciousness: Psychology and Philosophy in Dialogue. 3 Credits.

A team-taught investigation of ancient, medieval, and modern philosophies of consciousness and the historical roots of contemporary psychology. Shows how philosophical and psychological theories of consciousness transcend disciplinary boundaries. Focuses on interaction between philosophy and psychology, emphasizing the origins of cognitive science in philosophy of mind and consciousness.
Prerequisites: PSY 100 or one philosophy course. Offered: Occasionally. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in psychology.

PHI 320 • Ethics: Theory and Practice. 4 Credits.

Principal ethical theories and their application to problems concerning the individual and society. Readings in classical and contemporary sources focus on questions such as the meaning and justification of moral judgments, ethical relativism, and the nature of moral reasoning.
Prerequisites: Two PHI courses or approval of instructor. Offered: Spring.

PHI 323 • Social and Political Philosophy. 4 Credits.

A study and analysis of various theories of human interaction and association. Address questions such as: What are the differences among a community, a society, and a state? What is the role of the individual in each of these associations? What makes a social organization just? .
Prerequisites: One philosophy course. Offered: Occasionally

PHI 335K • Environmental Ethics. 3 Credits.

An examination of the intersection of science, society, and technology as they pertain to issues in environmental ethics. The course moves from theory by considering science, society, and technology philosophically to application by concluding with a major research project on an applied issue in environmental ethics involving scientific data and technological choice.
Prerequisites: Laboratory Science (D) Course; Mathematics (M) course. Offered: Fall, interim. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in environmental studies.

PHI 340K • Philosophy of Science. 3 Credits.

Nature of scientific method and knowledge, with special attention given to current issues in the philosophy of science. Ways in which scientific explanations relate to religious and philosophical explanations. Both natural science and social science applications.
Prerequisites: Laboratory Science (D) course; Mathematics (M) course. One philosophy course recommended. Offered: Spring

PHI 360 • Classics in Western Political Philosophy. 4 Credits.

Selected political theorists. Such writers as Plato, Aristotle, early Christian writers, Machiavelli, Luther, Calvin, Locke, Marx, and Niebuhr. Concentrates on primary sources.
Prerequisites: One course in political science, philosophy, or European history; junior standing. Offered: Spring, even # year. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in political science and history.

PHI 365 • Topics in Philosophy. 4 Credits.

Intensive analysis of a philosophical issue or a major philosophical figure to be announced prior to registration.
Prerequisites: One course in philosophy. Repeatable course Students may repeat the course for credit provided a different topic or philosopher is studied. Offered: Fall or spring

PHI 375G • Asian Philosophy. 3 Credits.

Selected Asian philosophical streams drawn from Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Shintoism, and the contemporary Kyoto school. Readings from religious treatises, philosophical works, and literature, with examples from the arts to encourage an understanding of Eastern worldviews, especially Japan. Persons, ethics, and aesthetics.
Prerequisites: [GES 130; GES 160; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 244; World Cultures (U) course]. Offered: Fall

PHI 390 • Epistemology and Metaphysics. 4 Credits.

Topics such as the nature and meaning of knowledge, the foundations and limits of knowledge and belief, the problem of universals, the mind-body relation, and the freedom-determinism debate. Traditional and contemporary perspectives.
Prerequisites: Two courses in philosophy. Offered: Spring

PHI 499 • Senior Seminar. 4 Credits.

A capstone course in which students and faculty consider contemporary issues in philosophy as well as the relationship between philosophy and Christian faith.
Prerequisites: Philosophy major or minor with senior standing, or consent of the instructor. Offered: Fall