SOC 101Introduction to Sociology3
SOC 205Introduction to Global Social Problems3
SOC 242URace, Ethnicity, and Peacemaking3
SOC 350Qualitative Research Methods4
SOC 351Quantitative Research Methods4
SOC 361Sociocultural Theory4
SOC 372GReligion in Society3
SOC 481Internship in Sociology3-4
SOC 499Senior Seminar4
Major *31-32
Chosen Emphasis12
General Education49-50
Electives28-30
Total Credits122

Criminal Justice Emphasis (12 credits)

SOC 304GSociology of Crime and Deviance3
SOC 324Criminal Justice in American Society3
SOC 326Restorative Justice3
SOC 328Criminal Law and Procedure in America3
Total Credits12

Urban Studies Emphasis (12 credits)

SOC 229UInteraction with Urban Life and Systems3
or SOC 318G The Urban Church
SOC 280Urbanization3
SOC 381GUrbanism: A Way of Life3
ECO 225LThe Redevelopment of Central City Neighborhoods3
Total Credits12

Print Version Urban Studies Emphasis: Excel

Print Version Urban Studies Emphasis: PDF

Print Version Criminal Justice Emphasis: Excel

Print Version Criminal Justice Emphasis: PDF

B.A. in Sociology with Urban Studies Emphasis 2018-2019: Option 1 - CWILT

First Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
GES 130 Christianity Western Culture4Elective 3BIB 101 Introduction to the Bible3
GES 140 Introduction to Wellbeing3 GES 125 Introduction to the Creative Arts4
GES 160 Inquiry Seminar3 SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology3
Second Language (S) course1 4 Elective 3
 14 3 13
Second Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
SOC 280 Urbanization3SOC 205 Introduction to Global Social Problems3SOC 242U Race, Ethnicity, and Peacemaking3
Laboratory Science (D) course 4 THE 201 Christian Theology3
Mathematics (M) course  ECO 225L The Redevelopment of Central City Neighborhoods3
Electives 6 Leisure and Lifetime Sports (Q) course 1
  Artistic Experience (A) course 3
 13 3 13
Third Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
SOC 351 Quantitative Research Methods4Science, Technology, and Society (K) course 3RES 340Z Principles and Methods of Intercultural Leadership4
SOC 361 Sociocultural Theory4 SOC 350 Qualitative Research Methods4
Interpreting Biblical Themes (J) course 3 SOC 372G Religion in Society3
Elective 7 Elective 3
 18 3 14
Fourth Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
SOC 381G Urbanism: A Way of Life3SOC 318G or 229U The Urban Church or Interaction with Urban Life and Systems3SOC 499 Senior Seminar4
SOC 481 Internship in Sociology3 Contemporary Christian Issues (P) course 3
Electives 7 Electives 6
 13 3 13
Total Credits 123

Most financial aid packages stipulate 12 credits/semester; Minnesota state grants are reduced when credit load falls below 15 credits/semester. (Interim credits may be split between fall and spring for state grant purposes only.)

B.A. in Sociology with Urban Studies Emphasis 2018-2019: Option 2 - Humanities

First Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
GES 145 Humanities I: Greco-Roman through Middle Ages4GES 147 Humanities II: Renaissance and Reformation4GES 244 Humanities III: European Enlightenment and American Culture to 18774
GES 140 Introduction to Wellbeing3 SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology3
BIB 101 Introduction to the Bible3 Elective 6
Second Language (S) course1 4  
 14 4 13
Second Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
GES 246 Humanities IV: Modern and Contemporary Western Culture4SOC 205 Introduction to Global Social Problems3ECO 225L The Redevelopment of Central City Neighborhoods3
SOC 280 Urbanization3 SOC 242U Race, Ethnicity, and Peacemaking3
Laboratory Science (D) course 4 Artistic Experience (A) course 3
World Cultures (U) 3 Leisure and Lifetime Sports (Q) Course 1
  Mathematics (M) course 3
 14 3 13
Third Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
SOC 351 Quantitative Research Methods4Science, Technology, and Society (k) course 3RES 340Z Principles and Methods of Intercultural Leadership4
SOC 361 Sociocultural Theory4 SOC 350 Qualitative Research Methods4
Interpreting Biblical Themes (J) course 3 SOC 372G Religion in Society3
Elective 3 Elective 3
 14 3 14
Fourth Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
SOC 381G Urbanism: A Way of Life3SOC 318G or 229U The Urban Church or Interaction with Urban Life and Systems3SOC 499 Senior Seminar4
SOC 481 Internship in Sociology3 Contemporary Christian Issues (P) course 3
Electives 8 Electives 9
 14 3 16
Total Credits 125

Most financial aid packages stipulate 12 credits/semester; Minnesota state grants are reduced when credit load falls below 15 credits/semester. (Interim credits may be split between fall and spring for state grant purposes only.)

B.A. in Sociology with Criminal Justice Emphasis 2018-2019: Option 1 - CWILT

First Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
GES 130 Christianity Western Culture4Elective 3BIB 101 Introduction to the Bible3
GES 140 Introduction to Wellbeing3 GES 125 Introduction to the Creative Arts4
GES 160 Inquiry Seminar3 SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology3
Second Language (S) course1 4 Elective 3
 14 3 13
Second Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
THE 201 Christian Theology3SOC 205 Introduction to Global Social Problems3SOC 242U Race, Ethnicity, and Peacemaking3
Laboratory Science (D) course 4 SOC 324 Criminal Justice in American Society3
Mathematics (M) course 3 Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course 3
Cross-cultural Experience (Z-tag)  Leisure and Lifetime Sports (Q) course 1
Electives 6 Artistic Experience (A) course 3
 16 3 13
Third Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
SOC 304G Sociology of Crime and Deviance3Science, Technology, and Society (K) course 3RES 340Z Principles and Methods of Intercultural Leadership4
SOC 351 Quantitative Research Methods4 SOC 326 Restorative Justice3
SOC 361 Sociocultural Theory4 SOC 350 Qualitative Research Methods4
Interpreting Biblical Themes (J) course 3 SOC 372G Religion in Society3
Elective 3  
 17 3 14
Fourth Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
SOC 328 Criminal Law and Procedure in America3Interim Off SOC 499 Senior Seminar4
SOC 481 Internship in Sociology3-4 Contemporary Christian Issues (P) course 3
Electives 7 Electives 7
 13-14 0 14
Total Credits 123-124

Most financial aid packages stipulate 12 credits/semester, Minnesota state grants are reduced when credit load falls below 15 credits/semester. (Interim credits may be split fall and spring for state grant purposes only.)

B.A. in Sociology with Criminal Justice Emphasis 2018-2019: Option 2 - Humanities

First Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
GES 140 Introduction to Wellbeing3GES 147 Humanities II: Renaissance and Reformation4GES 244 Humanities III: European Enlightenment and American Culture to 18774
GES 145 Humanities I: Greco-Roman through Middle Ages4 SOC 101 Introduction to Sociology3
BIB 101 Introduction to the Bible3 Mathematics (M) course 3
Second Language (S) course1 4 Elective 3
 14 4 13
Second Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
GES 246 Humanities IV: Modern and Contemporary Western Culture4SOC 205 Introduction to Global Social Problems3SOC 242U Race, Ethnicity, and Peacemaking3
SOC 351 Quantitative Research Methods4 SOC 324 Criminal Justice in American Society3
Laboratory Science (D) course 4 Artistic Experience (A) course 3
Elective 3 Leisure and Lifetime Sports (Q) course 1
  Elective 3
 15 3 13
Third Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
SOC 304G Sociology of Crime and Deviance3Elective 3RES 340Z Principles and Methods of Intercultural Leadership4
SOC 361 Sociocultural Theory4 SOC 326 Restorative Justice3
Interpreting Biblical Themes (J) course 3 SOC 350 Qualitative Research Methods4
Cross-cultural experience (Z-tag) 0-3 SOC 372G Religion in Society3
Elective 3  
 13-16 3 14
Fourth Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
SOC 328 Criminal Law and Procedure in America3Interim Off SOC 499 Senior Seminar4
SOC 481 Internship in Sociology3-4 Contemporary Christian Issues (P) course 3
Science, Technology, and Society (K) course 3 Electives 9
Electives 6  
 15-16 0 16
Total Credits 123-127

Most financial aid packages stipulate 12 credits/semester, Minnesota state grants are reduced when credit load falls below 15 credits/semester. (Interim credits may be split fall and spring for state grant purposes only.)

SOC 101 • Introduction to Sociology 3 Credits.

Major concepts, theories, methodologies, findings, controversies, and history of sociology. Contributions of sociology to Christian life and thought.
Offered: Fall, spring.

SOC 205 • Introduction to Global Social Problems 3 Credits.

Introduction to global awareness and citizenship. Analyzes social problems and challenges facing the world, including the United States, with a view to action. Emphasizes interaction between global and local issues, and how solutions require broad cooperation. Topics may include education, energy, gender, health, population, social class, technology, urbanization, and work.
Prerequisites: GES 160, [GES 130 or GES 244]. Offered: Interim, even # years.

SOC 229U • Interaction with Urban Life and Systems 3 Credits.

Experientially based introduction to the religious, ethnic, and economic diversity of urban life. Formal and informal interrelationships of people living in the urban environment and various models for approaching urban ministry. Students explore the reality of living in urban life through intensive study of and interaction with a specific cultural group that lies outside the majority culture(s) found in North America. Students are encouraged to understand their own feelings and social roles.
Prerequisites: GES 130 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Interim

SOC 242U • Race, Ethnicity, and Peacemaking 3 Credits.

Exploration of the historical development of race and ethnicity as distinct but related social constructs. Analysis of the differential impact of race and ethnicity on groups and individuals. Appreciation of voices of peacemakers from both majority and minority groups.
Prerequisites: [GES 130; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 246; World Cultures (U) course]. Offered: Spring.

SOC 280 • Urbanization 3 Credits.

Cross-cultural and comparative study of urban development, form, and heterogeneity in advanced industrial societies and countries of the Global South, Central, and Eastern Europe, and Eurasia. Examination of the rise of cities, their growth in the United States and worldwide, and their functions. Issues of housing, crime, gangs, governance, and other urban issues. Students visit various cities as part of course study.
Offered: Fall.

SOC 304G • Sociology of Crime and Deviance 3 Credits.

Introduction to comparative criminal justice systems, and the role of the police, the courts, and correction institutions in both developed and developing societies. Cross-cultural and comparative analysis of theories and data used to analyze criminal behavior and deviance. How the media and crime-control agencies shape understanding of crime.
Prerequisites: [GES 130; GES 160; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 244; World Cultures (U) course] POS 202U or POS 310 recommended. Offered: Fall, even # years

SOC 315 • Social Responsibility in the Marketplace 3 Credits.

Explores the nature of the reciprocal relationship between businesses and society from a multi-disciplinary perspective. Examines contrasting ethical arguments in historical contexts about the role of business in society. Discusses how healthy relationships can be promoted between business and society for the benefit of both.
Prerequisites: [GES 130; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 246; World Cultures (U) course]. Offered: Fall. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in reconciliation studies.

SOC 318G • The Urban Church 3 Credits.

Taught on site in cities around the world (e.g., Amsterdam). Students research the challenges of urban communities and help local churches develop church-based responses to these challenges. Intensive interaction with urban communities and churches. Method for applied and experiential learning in response to social needs.
Prerequisites: [GES 130; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 246; World Cultures (U) course]. Offered: Interim, odd # years

SOC 324 • Criminal Justice in American Society 3 Credits.

Grounded in the philosophy of criminal law, theories of deviance, and the nature and extent of crime in America, students are introduced to the American criminal justice system. Examination of the theory, structure, and operation of its principal components. Assessment of how well this system serves the aims of justice.
Offered: Spring, even # years.

SOC 326 • Restorative Justice 3 Credits.

Examines and analyzes the philosophy and principles of restorative justice, including its historical and theological roots by comparing and contrasting retributive and restorative paradigms. Applications of restorative justice examined from the perspective of victim-offender dialogue and the use of restorative justice principles in offender reintegration.
Prerequisites: SOC 324. Offered: Spring, odd # years.

SOC 328 • Criminal Law and Procedure in America 3 Credits.

Examines the structure, function, and principles of criminal law, includes the acts, mental states, and circumstances that are necessary elements of the crime and criminal defenses. Explores procedures from arrest to final disposition, with focus on exclusionary rules for the relevant constitutional amendments.
Prerequisites: SOC 304G or SOC 324. Offered: Fall, odd # years.

SOC 330G • Sociology of Third World Development 3 Credits.

Critically examines economic development theories and sociological issues for developing Third World countries. Strategies for promoting economic development and cultural change internationally, regionally, nationally, and locally. How changes intersect and affect Latin America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. Issues and processes involved in community development in a globalized society. Prerequisites: Must be enrolled in Bethel’s Guatemala Term program; .
Prerequisites: [GES 130; GES 160; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 244; World Cultures (U) course]. Offered: Spring

SOC 350 • Qualitative Research Methods 4 Credits.

Qualitative methodologies in the social sciences, with a particular focus in ethnographic field technologies. Interview and observation skills through field work in the Twin Cities area.
Prerequisites: World Cultures (U) course. Offered: Spring

SOC 351 • Quantitative Research Methods 4 Credits.

Study of quantifying social life to answer research questions. Focus on structuring of inquiry (research design, conceptualization, measurement, sampling), modes of quantitative observation (experiments, survey research, content analysis, evaluation research), analysis of data (univariate, bivariate, and multivariate statistics), and research ethics. Students participate in actual quantitative research.
Offered: Fall.

SOC 361 • Sociocultural Theory 4 Credits.

Process of theory formation in the social sciences and concern with the relations between epistemology, analysis, and theory formation.
Prerequisites: One anthropology, sociology course. Offered: Fall.

SOC 372G • Religion in Society 3 Credits.

Comparative cross-cultural study of the social and cultural bases of religion in advanced industrial societies and non-Western cultures. Characteristic myths, beliefs, practices, and rituals of religious systems; the relationship between religious and other dimensions of social life; the factors underlying the development, persistence, manipulation, and change of religious organizations.
Prerequisites: [GES 130; GES 160; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 244; World Cultures (U) course]. Offered: Spring, odd # years.

SOC 381G • Urbanism: A Way of Life 3 Credits.

Comparative study of urban life and urban social and cultural forces. Ways in which humans construct community; develop distinct urban lifestyles; and interact across social, ethnic, and religious boundaries. Special attention given to implications for urban planning, community development, and urban ministry.
Prerequisites: [GES 130; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 246; World Cultures (U) course]. Offered: Fall

SOC 385 • Cross-Cultural Exp Guatemala 4 Credits.

An intensive experience of living and communicating in another culture for a minimum of two months in Guatemala. Student is fully immersed in the culture as much as possible and is guided by a mentor from the host culture.
Prerequisites: Must be enrolled in Bethel’s Guatemala Term program. Grade exceptions: Graded on an S/U basis. Offered: Guatemala Term, spring. Special Notes: Students may receive credit for only one of the following: SOC 385, SOC 387Z, or SOC389.

SOC 387Z • Cross Cultural Experience 4 Credits.

An intensive experience of living and communicating in another culture for a minimum of two months. Student is fully immersed in the culture as much as possible and guided by a mentor from the host culture.
Prerequisites: ANT 200U; Systems (G) course; application approved by the department prior to the experience. Grade exceptions: Graded on an S/U basis. Offered: Occasionally. Special Notes: Students may receive credit for only one of the following: SOC 385, SOC 387Z, or SOC389.

SOC 481 • Internship in Sociology 3-4 Credits.

A work-related, hands-on learning experience in an off-campus professional setting. Students are mentored by an experienced professional in the field, and overseen by a departmental faculty member.
Prerequisites: Major in sociology; junior or senior standing.

SOC 499 • Senior Seminar 4 Credits.

A culminating experience to put to use knowledge and skills gained during studies done in the department. A guided research project is completed in consultation with members of the department.
Prerequisites: Major in sociocultural studies; two of the following courses: SOC 350, SOC 351, SOC 361; Senior standing. Offered: Spring.