Major in Linguistics (B.A.)
Courses at Bethel
LIN 210ZIntroduction to Second Language Acquisition3
LIN 300Introduction to Linguistics3
ANT 200UIntroduction to Anthropology3
SOC 350Qualitative Research Methods4
Choose 5-6 from the following World Languages courses: 219-20
Introductory American Sign Language I
Introductory American Sign Language II
Introductory Chinese I
Introductory Chinese II
Introductory French I
Introductory French II
Introductory Biblical Greek I
Introductory Biblical Greek II
Readings in New Testament Greek
Introductory Biblical Hebrew I
Introductory Biblical Hebrew II
Introductory Latin I
Introductory Latin II
Introductory Spanish I
Introductory Spanish II
Intermediate Spanish I
Courses at SIL-UND
Courses taken first summer at SIL-UND 1
LING450Articulatory Phonetics2
LING452Syntax and Morphology I3
LING470Introduction to Sociolinguistics2
LING480Learner-Directed Second Language Acquisition3
Courses taken second summer at SIL-UND
LING451Phonology I3
LING506 Field Methods3
LING510Semantics and Pragmatics3
Major *51-52
General Education49-50
Electives20-22
Total Credits122

The major in linguistics is offered in collaboration with the Summer Institute of Linguistics–University of North Dakota (SIL-UND), the organization that provides training in linguistics for Wycliffe translators and missionaries. Three years of coursework are completed at Bethel and two summers at SIL-UND in Grand Forks, N.D.

Print Version: Excel

Print Version: PDF

B.A. in Linguistics 2018-2019: Option 1 - CWILT

First Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits 
1st World Language (101 level) 4Mathematics (M) course 31st World Language (102 level) (S-tag) 4 
BIB 101 Introduction to the Bible3 GES 130 Christianity Western Culture4 
GES 125 Introduction to the Creative Arts4 GES 140 Introduction to Wellbeing3 
Leisure and Lifetime Sports (Q) course 1 GES 160 Inquiry Seminar3 
Elective 3   
 15 3 14 
Second Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCreditsSummerCredits
2nd World Language (101 level) 4THE 201 Christian Theology32nd World Language (102 level) 4Summer 1 (Sophomore status or above ) University of North Dakota2
1st World Language (201 level) or 3rd World Language (101 level at 4 credits) 3-4 LIN 210Z Introduction to Second Language Acquisition3Ling450 Articulatory Phonetics 2
ANT 200U1 Introduction to Anthropology3 Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course 3Ling452 Syntax and Morphology I 3
LIN 300 Introduction to Linguistics3 SOC 350 Qualitative Research Methods4Ling470 Introduction to Sociolinguistics 2
Elective 3 Artistic Experience (A) course 0-3Ling480 Learner-Directed Second Language Acquisition 3
 16-17 3 16 10
Third Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCreditsSummerCredits
Comparative Systems (G) course 3Interpreting Biblical Themes (J) course 3Science, Technology, and Society (K) course 3Summer 2 (Junior status or above) University of North Dakota 2
Laboratory Science (D) course 4 Contemporary Christian Issues (P) course 3Ling451 Phonology I 3
Electives 9 Electives 11Ling506 Field Methods 3
   Ling510 Semantics & Pragmatics 3
 16 3 17 9
Total Credits 122-123

If a student continues a language in which they have previous experience, the placement exam determines which class is appropriate for their level of language competency. The student takes this class during their first semester at Bethel. 

Most financial aid packages stipulate 12 credits/semester; Minnesota state grants are reduced when credit load falls below 15 credits/semester. (Interim credits may be split between fall and spring for state grant purposes only.)

Check with the Financial Planning Office to see if any aid is available for summers at SIL-UND.

B.A. in Linguistics 2018-2019: Option 2 - Humanities

First Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits 
1st World Language (101 level) 4GES 147 Humanities II: Renaissance and Reformation41st World Language (102 level) 4 
BIB 101 Introduction to the Bible3 Mathematics (M) course 3 
GES 145 Humanities I: Greco-Roman through Middle Ages4 GES 244 Humanities III: European Enlightenment and American Culture to 18774 
Artistic Experience (A) Course 0-3 GES 140 Introduction to Wellbeing3 
Leisure and Lifetime Sports (Q) course 1 Elective 3 
 13 4 17 
Second Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCreditsSummerCredits
2nd World Language (101 level) 4Elective 32nd World Language (102 level) 4Summer 1 (Sophomore status or above ) University of North Dakota2
1st World Language (201 level) or 3rd World Language (101 level at 4 credits) 3-4 LIN 210Z Introduction to Second Language Acquisition3Ling450 Articulatory Phonetics 2
LIN 300 Introduction to Linguistics3 SOC 350 Qualitative Research Methods4Ling452 Syntax and Morphology I 3
GES 246 Humanities IV: Modern and Contemporary Western Culture4 ANT 200U1 Introduction to Anthropology3Ling470 Introduction to Sociolinguistics 2
   Ling480 Learner-Directed Second Language Acquisition 3
 15 3 14 10
Third Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCreditsSummerCredits
Comparative Systems (G) course 3Interpreting Biblical Themes (J) course 3Science, Technology, and Society (K) course 3Summer 2 (Junior status or above) University of North Dakota 2
Laboratory Science (D) course 4 Contemporary Christian Issues (P) course 3Ling451 Phonology I 3
Electives 10 Electives 11Ling506 Field Methods 3
   Ling510 Semantics & Pragmatics 3
 17 3 17 9
Total Credits 122

If a student continues a language in which they have previous experience, the placement exam determines which class is appropriate for their level of language competency. The student takes this class during their first semester at Bethel. 

Most financial aid packages stipulate 12 credits/semester; Minnesota state grants are reduced when credit load falls below 15 credits/semester. (Interim credits may be split between fall and spring for state grant purposes only.)

Check with the Financial Planning Office to see if any aid is available for summers at SIL-UND.

ASL 101 • Introductory American Sign Language I 4 Credits.

Designed for students who have no knowledge of American Sign Language (ASL) to allow them to function comfortably in a variety of communication situations. Focuses on development of visual readiness skills and expressive and receptive skills in basic ASL. Includes introduction to conversational vocabulary, fingerspelling, grammatical principles, and syntax. Information related to deaf culture is included.
Offered: Fall, spring.

ASL 102S • Introductory American Sign Language II 4 Credits.

Continuation of functional and practical understanding and communicative use of ASL. Further study of the history and culture of the deaf community through films, discussions, and readings.
Prerequisites: ASL 101 or placement exam. Offered: Fall, spring

CHI 101 • Introductory Chinese I 4 Credits.

Development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills with an emphasis on promoting communicative competency in Chinese. Opportunities for meaningful communication in Mandarin Chinese.
Offered: Fall.

CHI 102S • Introductory Chinese II 4 Credits.

Continuation of functional and practical understanding and communicative use of the Chinese language. Further study of Chinese history and culture through films, discussions, and readings.
Prerequisites: CHI 101 or placement exam. Offered: Spring

CHI 201 • Intermediate Chinese I 4 Credits.

Synthesis and expansion of comprehensive knowledge, grammar, and oral and written communication skills useful in daily interactions. Further development of understanding Chinese culture and societies, and preparation for possible study abroad experience.
Prerequisites: CHI 102S or placement exam. Offered: Occasionally

FRE 101 • Introductory French I 4 Credits.

Listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Opportunities for oral practice encourage actual communication in French. Use of internet resources familiarizes students with the French-speaking cultures of the world.
Prerequisites: No more than one year of high school French or placement exam. Offered: Fall

FRE 102S • Introductory French II 4 Credits.

Continuation of functional and practical understanding and communicative use of the French language. Further study of French history and culture through films, discussions, and readings.
Prerequisites: FRE 101 or placement exam. Offered: Spring

GRK 101 • Introductory Biblical Greek I 4 Credits.

Study of New Testament Greek for beginning students. Use of the New Testament to build a basic vocabulary and understand the elements of grammar and syntax.
Offered: Fall.

GRK 102S • Introductory Biblical Greek II 4 Credits.

Continuation of the study of New Testament Greek for beginning students. Use of the New Testament to build a basic vocabulary and understand the elements of grammar and syntax.
Prerequisites: GRK 101. Offered: Spring

GRK 253 • Readings in New Testament Greek 3 Credits.

Readings in the Greek New Testament designed to develop basic knowledge of Greek grammar and enlarge vocabulary.
Prerequisites: GRK 102S. Offered: Fall.

GRK 371 • Advanced Greek Translation 3 Credits.

Translation and analysis of Greek passages, both biblical and classical, of moderate to considerable difficulty. Specific subject matter varies each term.
Prerequisites: GRK 253. Offered: Spring

GRK 498 • Seminar: Greek Exegesis 4 Credits.

Study of a selected book or representative passages in the Greek New Testament to increase exegetical skills. A major exegetical project is followed by an oral and written presentation of results.
Prerequisites: GRK 253; Interpreting Biblical Themes (J) course; BIB 321 or consent of instructor. Offered: Spring.

HEB 101 • Introductory Biblical Hebrew I 4 Credits.

Study of the Hebrew of the Old Testament. Designed for the beginning student. The Old Testament is used to build a basic vocabulary and to understand the language’s phonology, morphology, basic syntax, and semantics.
Offered: Fall.

HEB 102S • Introductory Biblical Hebrew II 4 Credits.

Further study of the Hebrew of the Old Testament. Designed for the beginning student. The Old Testament is used to build a basic vocabulary and to understand the language’s phonology, morphology, basic syntax, and semantics.
Prerequisites: HEB 101. Offered: Spring

LAT 101 • Introductory Latin I 4 Credits.

Introduction to the spoken and written language and culture of ancient Rome.
Offered: Fall, odd # years.

LAT 102S • Introductory Latin II 4 Credits.

Further study and use of the spoken and written language and culture of ancient Rome.
Prerequisites: LAT 101 or placement exam. Offered: Spring, even # years

LIN 210Z • Introduction to Second Language Acquisition 3 Credits.

Study of current research and theories of second language acquisition in children and adult learners. Examination of second language learning process and variables that affect second language acquisition. Classroom strategies include differentiating instruction for all language learners. Service learning experience required.
Offered: Fall, Spring.

LIN 300 • Introduction to Linguistics 3 Credits.

A study of three major areas of linguistics: 1) articulatory phonetics, phonology, morphology, and syntax (how units of sound are structured into larger units, forming words and sentences); 2) sociolinguistics (how language functions in society); and 3) psycholinguistics (how children and adults acquire language).
Prerequisites: Two college semesters of a second language or equivalent proficiency. Offered: Fall.

SPA 101 • Introductory Spanish I 4 Credits.

Listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Opportunities for oral and written practice encourage actual communication in Spanish.
Prerequisites: No more than one year of high school Spanish or placement exam. Offered: Fall, spring

SPA 102S • Introductory Spanish II 4 Credits.

Continuation of functional and practical understanding and communicative use of the Spanish language. Further study of Spanish history and culture through films, discussions, and readings.
Prerequisites: SPA 101 or placement exam. Offered: Fall, spring

SPA 120A • Photography in Spain 3 Credits.

Technical and conceptual acquaintance with the medium of photography and its vocabulary within the realm of high art. Includes camera operation, black and white film developing, black and white print processing, and print finishing.
Offered: Fall. Special Notes: Course taught in Spanish. Carries cross-credit in art.

SPA 201 • Intermediate Spanish I 3 Credits.

Synthesis and expansion of language study in order to further develop communicative language ability. Study of the rich cultural diversity in the Spanish-speaking world.
Prerequisites: SPA 102S or placement exam. Offered: Fall, spring. Special Notes: Students may not receive credit for both SPA 201 and SPA 203.

SPA 202UZ • Intermediate Spanish II 4 Credits.

A further development of communicative language ability through the study of the rich cultural diversity in the Spanish-speaking world. Topics include religious practices, Hispanics in the United States, and violations of human rights. Service-learning experience required.
Prerequisites: SPA 201 or placement exam; GES 130 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Fall, spring. Special Notes: Students may not receive credit for both SPA 202UZ and SPA 204.

SPA 203 • Intensive Intermediate Spanish I in Guatemala 4 Credits.

Synthesis and expansion of language study in order to further develop communicative language ability. Study of the rich cultural diversity in the Spanish-speaking world, including topics such as family structures, racial diversity, and perspectives on death and the afterlife. Intensive one-on-one interaction with Guatemalan instructor.
Prerequisites: SPA 102S or placement exam. Offered: Spring. Special Notes: Students may not receive credit for both SPA 203 and SPA 201.

SPA 204 • Intensive Intermediate Spanish II in Guatemala 4 Credits.

A further development of communicative language ability through the study of the rich cultural diversity in the Spanish-speaking world. Topics include religious practices, Hispanics in the United States, and violations of human rights. Intensive one-on-one interaction with Guatemalan instructor.
Prerequisites: SPA 201, SPA 203, or placement exam. Offered: Spring. Special Notes: Students may not receive credit for both SPA 204 and SPA 202UZ.

SPA 208 • Spanish for Health Professionals 3 Credits.

Designed for those studying or preparing for healthcare professions. Emphasis on building culturally and linguistically competent communication skills with Spanish-speaking immigrants in healthcare settings.
Prerequisites: SPA 201, SPA 203, or placement exam. Offered: Occasionally

SPA 228 • Intensive Language Study in the Spanish-Speaking World 3 Credits.

Study of the Spanish language and Hispanic culture taught in a Spanish-speaking country through an approved language school. Homestay required.
Prerequisites: Two semesters of intermediate Spanish at the college level or placement exam; consent of Department of World Languages and Cultures. Grade exceptions: Graded on an S/U bases. Offered: Interim, by arrangement. Special Notes: Program must be approved by the Department of World Languages and Cultures in advance. Enrollment is limited.

SPA 290 • Ibero-American History 3 Credits.

An examination of key historical processes in Spain, Latin America, and the Spanish-speaking communities in the United States with a focus on social, economic, political, geographic, and religious dimensions.
Prerequisites: SPA 202UZ, SPA 204, SPA 208, or placement exam. Offered: Fall, spring

SPA 291 • Ibero-American History in Guatemala 4 Credits.

An examination of key historical processes in Spain, Latin America, and the Spanish-speaking communities in the United States with a focus on social, economic, political, geographic, and religious dimensions.
Prerequisites: SPA 202UZ, SPA 204, SPA 208, or placement exam. Offered: Spring

SPA 292 • Ibero-American History in Spain 4 Credits.

An examination of key historical processes in Spain, Latin America, and the Spanish-speaking communities in the United States with a focus on social, economic, political, geographic, and religious dimensions.
Prerequisites: SPA 202UZ or SPA 208. Offered: Fall

SPA 300 • Introduction to Hispanic Literature 4 Credits.

Readings in novels, essays, short stories, poetry, newspapers, and magazines from Latin America and Spain.
Prerequisites: SPA 290, SPA 291 (may be taken concurrently) or SPA 292 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Fall (Spain Term) and Spring (Guatemala Term). Special Notes: Students may not receive credit for both SPA 300 and SPA 305.

SPA 301U • Hispanic Cultures 4 Credits.

Study of the history, traditions, cultural practices, values, and social structures of Latin America and Spain. Service-learning experience may be required.
Prerequisites: GES 130 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently); SPA 290, SPA 291, or SPA 292. Offered: Spring. Special Notes: Students may not receive credit for both SPA 301U and SPA 302U.

SPA 302U • Hispanic Cultures: Guatemalan Perspectives 4 Credits.

Study of the history, traditions, cultural practices, values, and social structures of Latin America and Spain. Intensive one-on-one interaction with on-site instructor and interviews with Guatemalans enhance understanding of cultural issues from a Guatemalan perspective.
Prerequisites: GES 130 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently); SPA 290 or SPA 291(may be taken concurrently), or placement exam. Offered: Spring. Special Notes: Students may not receive credit for both SPA 302U and SPA 301U.

SPA 303U • Historic Spain and its Cultures 4 Credits.

Study of the multi-cultural richness of Spain in its unique history, society, politics, art, film, and music. Students participate in a series of field trips to places of cultural and historical interest in Segovia and to museums in Madrid.
Prerequisites: GES 130 or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently), SPA 290, SPA 292 (May be taken concurrently), or consent of instructor. Offered: Fall.

SPA 305 • Readings from Latin America and Spain 3 Credits.

Readings in novels, essays, short stories, and poetry from Latin America and Spain.
Prerequisites: SPA 290, SPA 291, or SPA 292. Offered: Fall. Special Notes: Students may not receive credit for both SPA 305 and SPA 300.

SPA 308 • Current Issues in Guatemala 4 Credits.

Students participating in the Guatemala Term use multiple media sources available to them only in the country and interact with Guatemalan people to learn about political, economic, and social issues. Study of a literary text dealing with political issues in Guatemala is included.
Prerequisites: SPA 300 (may be taken concurrently) or SPA 305. Offered: Spring

SPA 312 • Contemporary Literature 4 Credits.

Prose and poetry from selected contemporary Latin American and Spanish authors.
Prerequisites: SPA 300 or SPA 305. Offered: Fall, even # years

SPA 313 • Classical Literature 4 Credits.

Prose and poetry from the classical literature of Spain.
Prerequisites: SPA 300 or SPA 305. Offered: Fall, odd # years

SPA 316 • Modern Spain: An Examination of Ethics - Spain 4 Credits.

An examination of moral and ethical questions during the Spanish Civil War, the Franco regime, and post-Franco Spain. Topics include national unity, justice, political assassination, the responsibility of individuals in society, Basque nationalism, the role of the United States, immigration, and the role of the Catholic Church.
Prerequisites: SPA 305 or concurrent enrollment in SPA 300. Offered: Fall

SPA 317 • Advanced Communication in Spain 4 Credits.

Further development of communicative ability in Spanish, including reading, writing, listening, and conversational skills. Students write compositions, participate in discussions, have conversational exchanges with Spanish university students, give presentations, and read short essays.
Prerequisites:SPA 301U or SPA 303U (May be taken concurrently), or consent of instructor. Offered: Fall

SPA 318 • Classical Literature in Spain 4 Credits.

Prose and poetry from the classical literature of Spain.
Prerequisites: SPA 305 or concurrent enrollment in SPA 300. Offered: Fall. Special Notes: Students may not receive credit for both SPA 318 and SPA 313.

SPA 322 • Advanced Spanish Communication 4 Credits.

Further development of communicative abilities in Spanish including reading, creative and academic writing, formal and informal discussions and debate, and formal presentation skills.
Prerequisites: SPA 301U, SPA 302U, or SPA 303U. Offered: Spring.

SPA 323 • Advanced Spanish Communication in Guatemala 4 Credits.

Further development of communicative abilities in Spanish including reading, creative and academic writing, formal and informal discussions and debate, and formal presentation skills.
Prerequisites: SPA 301U, SPA 302U, or SPA 303U (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Spring

SPA 327 • Marketing and Management in Spain 3 Credits.

Theoretical and practical concepts of marketing and management in the semi-globalized world. Understand the significant challenges globalization presents to management and marketing, specifically in the context of Spain. Business terminology and reality in a Spanish business environment.
Prerequisites: SPA 202UZ. (Carries cross-credit in business.) Offered: Fall. Special Notes: The class is taught and assignments are completed in Spanish.

SPA 481 • Internship in Spanish 3-4 Credits.

Cross-cultural experience to apply and expand Spanish communication knowledge and skills in an off-campus setting. Placements must be at an organization or business within the Latino community or in the Spanish-speaking world. Must be planned in advance of placement in consultation with the Department of World Languages and Cultures.
Prerequisites: Spanish major or minor, or enrollment in Spain or Guatemala Term. Offered: Fall, interim, spring, summer

SPA 499 • Senior Seminar 4 Credits.

An in-depth study and presentation of a topic related to Hispanic cultures, literatures, or the Spanish language. Service-learning experience may be required.
Prerequisites: Major in Spanish; senior standing. Offered: Fall

Overview

The Ministry Scholars program is Bethel University's 5-year Bachelor's Degree and Master of Arts in Ministry program that reduces cost and time-to-completion by streamlining undergraduate and graduate education. Graduates receive a Bachelor's degree from Bethel University's College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) and a Master of Arts in Ministry from Bethel Seminary. This program is well suited for a variety of majors who want to become equipped to lead churches, parachurch organizations, and other ministries. It is also a good fit for ministry-minded students who want to pursue bi-vocational ministry or work outside of professional ministry. Students learn from successful ministry leaders and experts in Biblical and Theological Studies, Spiritual and Personal Formation, and Transformational Leadership. This program offers supplemental training resources, cohort-based activities, and mentorship opportunities to prepare ministry-minded students for effective ministry leadership. Students also gain valuable field experience in local churches and ministry settings.

The objectives of the program are that graduates will demonstrate age-appropriate growth and ultimately ministry leadership preparedness in the following domains:

  1. Spiritual life: Students will grow spiritually, deepening their love for, commitment to, and dependence on God, and develop an instinct to trust in God and to connect intimately with God.
  2. Discernment of call: They will clarify and reaffirm their sense of calling to glorify God, to work in Christ’s church and to serve humanity sacrificially.
  3. Emotional maturity: They will become emotionally mature adults, possessing the ability to sense and manage emotions, to see others’ perspectives, to sympathize and empathize, to follow and lead as appropriate and to foster healthy relationships.
  4. Cultural competence: They will become culturally aware, gaining a perspective that all cultures possess strengths and vulnerabilities, an ability to work across cultural lines and an appreciation that diverse teams are stronger teams.
  5. Bible knowledge: They will gain a clear understanding of the Bible’s content and a deep and abiding passion for the truth of the Gospel.
  6. Spiritual wisdom: They will grow in wisdom, possessing a capacity to apply the Bible so that others are inspired by their teaching and preaching to live out biblical truth and experience human flourishing.
  7. Intellectual virtues: They will develop virtues such as critical thinking, respect for data, intellectual humility, and thirst for learning, combined with the skill to interpret and teach the Bible accurately.
  8. Leadership capacity: They will learn to follow leaders and to lead followers—enlisting people, building teams, leading change and achieving results.
  9. Godly character: They will become virtuous people—individuals who love others, speak truth, live humbly, sacrifice their own interests, live justly, express joy and show compassion.

What is Bethel looking for in a Ministry Scholar?

  • Minimum of 3.0 GPA (cumulative college grade point average or unweighted high school GPA if the student has less than one year of college experience), and maintenance of 3.0 minimum GPA throughout the duration of the Ministry Scholars program while enrolled at CAS and Seminary.

  • Able to provide a pastoral or ministry leader reference that speaks to the student’s character and call to ministry.

  • Committed to prioritizing activities and retreats offered for Ministry Scholars, enabling the individual to develop a strong sense of community.

Click here for more information on the Ministry Scholars program at Bethel University