This major provides a solid foundation in international relations, U.S. foreign policy, economics, geography, and a foreign language competency. The electives are designed to allow students to integrate other interests with their focus on international relations.

Major in International Relations (B.A.)
ECO 201Principles of Economics4
ECO 305International Trade and Finance3
GEO 120Introduction to Geography3
POS 202UIntroduction to International Relations3
POS 205Introduction to Comparative Politics3
POS 211The Political Quest3
POS 250Political Science Practicum 21
POS 499Senior Seminar4
Choose from one of the following Political Science/History courses:9
Revolution and Political Development
The Cold War
Human Rights in International History
African Politics
Modern Middle East
Political Parties
American Foreign Relations
International Cooperation
The Politics of Terrorism and Counterterrorism
Contemporary Democracies
Choose one of the following from Business and Economics courses:3
Global Marketing
International Business-Europe
Economic Development of Less-Developed Countries
Choose from the following listed above (but not otherwise used) or below 115
Sociology
Qualitative Research Methods
Quantitative Research Methods
Religion in Society
Biblical and Theological Studies
Introduction to Religious Studies
Religions of India, China and Japan
Christian Social Ethics
Post-Reformation to Contemporary Theology in Trans-Atlantic Perspective
Christian Theology in Africa, Asia, and Latin America
General Studies
Christian Perspectives of Global Peacemaking
Christian Responses to Genocide
Christian Nonviolence
Issues and Praxis in Christian Social Justice
History
African Civilizations
History of China, Japan, and Korea
History of India and Its Neighbors
Latin American Civilizations
History of Islam
World War I
World War II
History and the Human Environment
Muslim Women in History
Modern Europe
World Languages and Cultures
One world language course at the intermediate level or above
Philosophy
The Modern Mind
History of Philosophy II
Asian Philosophy
Political Science
Political Psychology
Topics in Political Science
Psychology
Social Psychology
Cross-Cultural Psychology
Major *51
General Education49-50
Electives21-22
Total Credits122

Students are strongly encouraged to seek appropriate international study experiences, for which academic credit will be given wherever possible under Bethel policies. 

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B.A. in International Relations 2018-2019: Option 1 - CWILT

First Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
GEO 120 Introduction to Geography3GES 160 Inquiry Seminar3POS 202U Introduction to International Relations3
GES 125 Introduction to the Creative Arts4 GES 140 Introduction to Wellbeing3
GES 130 Christianity Western Culture4 BIB 101 Introduction to the Bible3
Mathematics (M) course 3 Laboratory Science (D) course 4
 14 3 13
Second Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
ECO 201 Principles of Economics4Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) Course 3ECO 305 International Trade and Finance3
POS 205 Introduction to Comparative Politics3 World Language1 3
THE 201 Christian Theology3 Major Electives 9
POS 211 The Political Quest3 Artistic Experience (A) course 0-3
Leisure and Lifetime Sports (Q) course 1  
 14 3 15-18
Third Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
Business/Economics area choice 3Off Campus Experience (Z) 3Political Science/History area choice 3
Major elective 3 Major Elective 3
Political Science/History Choice 3 Elective 3
Comparative Systems (G) course 3 Interpreting Biblical Themes (J) course 3
Elective 3 Science, Technology, and Society (K) course 3
 15 3 15
Fourth Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
Political Science/History area choice 3Interim Off POS 499 Senior Seminar4
Contemporary Christian Issues (P) Course 3 Major elective 3
Major elective 3 Electives 6
Elective 6  
 15 0 13
Total Credits 123-126

This program assumes a student will use POS 202U to meet the general education World Cultures requirement. 

Most financial aid packages stipulate 12 credits/semester; Minnesota state grants are reduced when credit load falls below 15 credits/semester. (Interim credits may be split between fall and spring for state grant purposes only.)

B.A. in International Relations 2018-2019: Option 2 - Humanities

First Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
BIB 101 Introduction to the Bible3GES 147 Humanities II: Renaissance and Reformation4POS 202U Introduction to International Relations3
GEO 120 Introduction to Geography3 GES 244 Humanities III: European Enlightenment and American Culture to 18774
GES 140 Introduction to Wellbeing3 Laboratory Science (D) course 4
GES 145 Humanities I: Greco-Roman through Middle Ages4 Elective 3
Mathematics (M) course 3  
 16 4 14
Second Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
ECO 201 Principles of Economics4Elective 3ECO 305 International Trade and Finance3
POS 211 The Political Quest3 World Language1 4
GES 246 Humanities IV: Modern and Contemporary Western Culture4 Artistic Experience (A) course 0-3
POS 205 Introduction to Comparative Politics3 Major Electives 6
Leisure and Lifetime Sports (Q) course 1  
 15 3 13-16
Third Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
Comparative Systems (G) course 3Off Campus Experience (Z) Course 3Political Science/History Area Choice 3
Business/Economics area choice 3 Major elective 3
Political Science/History Area Choice 3 Interpreting Biblical Themes (J) course 3
Major Elective 6 Science, Technology, and Society (K) course 3
 15 3 12
Fourth Year
FallCreditsInterimCreditsSpringCredits
Political Science/History Area Choice 3Interim Off POS 499 Senior Seminar4
Contemporary Christian Issues (P) course 3 Major elective 3
Major elective 3 Electives 6
Elective 6  
 15 0 13
Total Credits 123-126

This program assumes a student will use POS 202U to meet the general education World Cultures requirement. 

Most financial aid packages stipulate 12 credits/semester; Minnesota state grants are reduced when credit load falls below 15 credits/semester. (Interim credits may be split between fall and spring for state grant purposes only.)

Overview

The Ministry Scholars program is Bethel University's 5-year Bachelor's Degree and Master of Arts in Ministry program that reduces cost and time-to-completion by streamlining undergraduate and graduate education. Graduates receive a Bachelor's degree from Bethel University's College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) and a Master of Arts in Ministry from Bethel Seminary. This program is well suited for a variety of majors who want to become equipped to lead churches, parachurch organizations, and other ministries. It is also a good fit for ministry-minded students who want to pursue bi-vocational ministry or work outside of professional ministry. Students learn from successful ministry leaders and experts in Biblical and Theological Studies, Spiritual and Personal Formation, and Transformational Leadership. This program offers supplemental training resources, cohort-based activities, and mentorship opportunities to prepare ministry-minded students for effective ministry leadership. Students also gain valuable field experience in local churches and ministry settings.

The objectives of the program are that graduates will demonstrate age-appropriate growth and ultimately ministry leadership preparedness in the following domains:

  1. Spiritual life: Students will grow spiritually, deepening their love for, commitment to, and dependence on God, and develop an instinct to trust in God and to connect intimately with God.
  2. Discernment of call: They will clarify and reaffirm their sense of calling to glorify God, to work in Christ’s church and to serve humanity sacrificially.
  3. Emotional maturity: They will become emotionally mature adults, possessing the ability to sense and manage emotions, to see others’ perspectives, to sympathize and empathize, to follow and lead as appropriate and to foster healthy relationships.
  4. Cultural competence: They will become culturally aware, gaining a perspective that all cultures possess strengths and vulnerabilities, an ability to work across cultural lines and an appreciation that diverse teams are stronger teams.
  5. Bible knowledge: They will gain a clear understanding of the Bible’s content and a deep and abiding passion for the truth of the Gospel.
  6. Spiritual wisdom: They will grow in wisdom, possessing a capacity to apply the Bible so that others are inspired by their teaching and preaching to live out biblical truth and experience human flourishing.
  7. Intellectual virtues: They will develop virtues such as critical thinking, respect for data, intellectual humility, and thirst for learning, combined with the skill to interpret and teach the Bible accurately.
  8. Leadership capacity: They will learn to follow leaders and to lead followers—enlisting people, building teams, leading change and achieving results.
  9. Godly character: They will become virtuous people—individuals who love others, speak truth, live humbly, sacrifice their own interests, live justly, express joy and show compassion.

What is Bethel looking for in a Ministry Scholar?

  • Minimum of 3.0 GPA (cumulative college grade point average or unweighted high school GPA if the student has less than one year of college experience), and maintenance of 3.0 minimum GPA throughout the duration of the Ministry Scholars program while enrolled at CAS and Seminary.

  • Able to provide a pastoral or ministry leader reference that speaks to the student’s character and call to ministry.

  • Committed to prioritizing activities and retreats offered for Ministry Scholars, enabling the individual to develop a strong sense of community.

Click here for more information on the Ministry Scholars program at Bethel University

ECO 200 • Economics of Public Policy Analysis. 3 Credits.

Economic analysis of government programs, focusing on programs that provide essential services or financial assistance to the needy. Emphasis on careful definition of goals, measuring success, and evaluation of alternatives.
Offered: Spring. Special Notes: Students may not receive credit for both ECO 200 and ECO 201.

ECO 201 • Principles of Economics. 4 Credits.

Economic reasoning and concepts. Includes an examination of the role of a price system in allocating resources and income, government policies for dealing with unemployment and inflation, and moral questions raised by the free enterprise system.
Offered: Fall, Spring. Special Notes: Students may not receive credit for both ECO 200 and ECO 201.

ECO 225L • The Redevelopment of Central City Neighborhoods. 3 Credits.

The holistic redevelopment of low-income communities using models and ideas from various disciplines: community development, urban planning, economics, federal and state government, and for-profit businesses.
Prerequisites: GES 130 and GES 160 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Fall.

ECO 301 • Intermediate Microeconomics. 3 Credits.

Models of consumption, production, and pricing in competitive and noncompetitive markets.
Prerequisites: ECO 201. Offered: Fall, Spring.

ECO 302 • Intermediate Macroeconomics. 3 Credits.

Models of real output and monetary behavior. Policies affecting unemployment, inflation, and economic growth.
Prerequisites: ECO 201. Offered: Fall, Spring.

ECO 305 • International Trade and Finance. 3 Credits.

Evaluation of alternative trade policies (free trade, tariffs, and nontariff barriers) and the international financial system (foreign exchange rates and balance of payments).
Prerequisites: ECO 201. Offered: Fall.

ECO 320G • Economic Development of Less-Developed Countries. 3 Credits.

Evaluation of economic policies to promote economic development in low- and middle-income countries. Emphasis on the potential for growth that is both fair and sustainable.
Prerequisites: [GES 130; GES 160; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 244; World Cultures (U) course]. Offered: Fall.

ECO 340 • Econometrics. 4 Credits.

Computer-aided estimation of business and economic relationships. Understanding correct use of multiple regression analysis in testing hypotheses using time-series and cross-sectional data.
Prerequisites: ECO 301; ECO 302 (one of two can be taken concurrently with ECO 340); MAT 207M; a college-level Calculus course. Offered: Fall.

ECO 401 • Advanced Economic Theory. 3 Credits.

Mathematical treatment of economic theory, emphasizing calculus.
Prerequisites: ECO 301; ECO 302; college-level course in Calculus; Senior standing or Consent of instructor; all Business core courses (except BUS 481). Offered: Spring.

ECO 499 • Senior Seminar. 3 Credits.

The integration of Christian faith with the theory and practice of business and economics.
Prerequisites: All Business core courses (except BUS 481); Senior standing; Economics major or minor, or Economics and Finance major. Offered: Spring.

POS 100 • American Politics and Government. 3 Credits.

Structure and workings of major parts of the United States national government, such as the Constitution, the presidency, Congress, the courts, the electoral process, and others. How these institutions help Americans deal with significant current issues.
Offered: Fall, spring.

POS 202U • Introduction to International Relations. 3 Credits.

How governments interact to further their different political, military, and economic interests; basic factors affecting international cooperation and conflict; topics such as summit meetings, terrorism, arms control, and food and energy resources distribution; one or more international crisis simulation exercises.
Prerequisites: Second-semester freshman standing or higher; GES 130 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Fall, spring

POS 205 • Introduction to Comparative Politics. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the subfield of Comparative Politics with special emphasis on the nature, history, and development of political regimes. Systems to be covered include Western democracies, communist and post-communist states, military dictatorships, and politically developing states.
Offered: Fall.

POS 211 • The Political Quest. 3 Credits.

Major problems of politics and international relations, such as the proper goals of political life, the nature of justice, and the role of the state. Methods of inquiry. Development of the student’s personal political stance and its relation to his or her maturing faith.
Prerequisites: One political science course. Offered: Fall, odd # years, spring

POS 216L • American Constitutional History. 3 Credits.

Examination of the origins and development of American constitutional ideas and institutions from the colonial period to the present. Particular attention paid to the historical connections between major constitutional cases and broader social, political, economic, and cultural trends.
Prerequisites: GES 130 and GES 160 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). ; one completed PHI course recommended. Offered: Occasionally interim. Offered: Spring. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in history.

POS 219L • Public Leadership. 3 Credits.

Principles of public leadership and challenges for leaders to meet in the modern age; American experiences with leaders in various roles.
Prerequisites: GES 130 and GES 160 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Occasionally

POS 221L • American Political Ideologies. 3 Credits.

Major modern American ideologies. Liberalism, conservatism, democratic socialism, anarchism, liberation theology, fascism, and gender and ethnic politics. Christian interfaces with various political theories.
Prerequisites: GES 130 and GES 160 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Occasionally interim. Offered: Fall

POS 230L • Politics and Religion in the United States. 3 Credits.

Examines the historical and contemporary relationship between religion and politics in the United States. Divisions and political affiliations of various religious communities are considered alongside discussion of secularism, pluralism, and civil religion in America.
Prerequisites: [GES 130 and GES 160] or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Interim. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in religious studies.

POS 241L • Revolution and Political Development. 3 Credits.

Theory and process of modernization, with special emphasis on the Anglo-American historical experience; examinations of U.S. efforts to promote democracy internationally in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East since World War II.
Prerequisites: GES 130 and GES 160 (may be taken concurrently) or GES 244 (may be taken concurrently). Offered: Interim. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in history.

POS 250 • Political Science Practicum. 1 Credit.

In consultation with the Political Science Department, students will select an off campus program of academic study. After the off campus study, students will create a presentation and share their experiences in a colloquium with other International Relations, Political Science, and Business and Political Science majors. The purpose of this course is to integrate off campus experiences with curricular learning experiences..
Prerequisites: One POS course; consent of the Political Science department; Major in International Relations, Business and Political Sciences, Political Science, or minor in Political Science. Special Notes: Graded on an S/U basis. Offered: Spring.

POS 304 • Political Parties. 3 Credits.

Examines the role of political parties and elections in democratic political systems with a particular focus on the electoral process, political parties, voting behavior, and citizen participation. Begins with the American case as the first large-scale democratic system and uses that case as a basis for comparison in examining a number of other different electoral systems from both the developed and developing worlds.
Prerequisites: Open to sophomores with consent of instructor; POS 100 recommended. Offered: Fall, even # years.

POS 305G • The Cold War. 3 Credits.

The Cold War as an event in international history, studied from the perspective of the United States, the Soviet Union, China, Europe, and the Third World. Introduces students to ongoing historical debates and to the sources historians use in those debates (including declassified documents available online).
Prerequisites: [GES 130; GES 160; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 244; World Cultures (U) course]. Offered: Spring, odd # years. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in history.

POS 306 • Public Administration. 3 Credits.

How public policy is put into effect through the administrative agencies of government and the problems in management of such agencies and their relations with the public.
Prerequisites: Sophomore standing. POS 100 recommended. Offered: Spring. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in business.

POS 310 • American Foreign Relations. 3 Credits.

Development of United States foreign policy since the Nixon administration, with particular attention paid to contemporary issues, long-range historical trends, and the ways in which foreign policy is formulated and carried out. Independent study on specific topics and issues.
Prerequisites: Sophomore standing with consent of instructor. POS 100 or POS 202U recommended. Offered: Fall, even # years

POS 313G • International Cooperation. 3 Credits.

Examination of the processes, institutions, relationships, and dynamic trends in the international system. Attention is given to the creation or maintenance of international economic systems and international organizations as they address emerging or enduring problems of world politics. Key international institutions, such as the World Trade Organization or the United Nations, are used as case studies.
Prerequisites: [GES 130; GES 160; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 244; World Cultures (U) course] POS 202U or POS 310 recommended. Offered: Spring, even # years

POS 315 • The Politics of Terrorism and Counterterrorism. 3 Credits.

Analysis of terror and terrorism, both historically and contemporarily, through study of the political psychology of terrorists and terrorist groups, the tactics of terror, and the complex relationship between terror and states. Special attention paid to the motivations for terror and the effect of religion on terrorism as a political strategy.
Prerequisites: POS 202U. Offered: Spring, odd # years

POS 317 • Political Psychology. 3 Credits.

Political psychology is concerned with the causes, dynamics, and consequences of human thinking and action in the context of politics. This field survey covers the psychology of decision making, political attitude formation, public opinion, personality and emotions, intergroup relations, ideology, and the role of mass media in politics.
Prerequisites: One political science course. Offered: Fall, odd # years. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in psychology.

POS 321 • Contemporary Democracies. 3 Credits.

The meaning of democracy in theory and practice throughout history and in the modern political systems of Great Britain, Japan, and Mexico. Independent research in other democratic systems.
Offered: Fall, odd # years. Special Notes: Students are recommended to take POS 100 or POS 211 before enrolling in this course.

POS 324G • Human Rights in International History. 3 Credits.

International and comparative exploration of how human rights have been defined, violated, and protected. Discussion of historical topics (e.g., the abolition of the slave trade, social reform and Christian missions, the genocides of the 20th century) as well as contemporary issues. Includes a service-learning project completed at Bethel or with a local organization.
Prerequisites: [GES 130; GES 160; Contemporary Western Life and Thought (L) course; World Cultures (U) course] or [GES 244; World Cultures (U) course]. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in history. Offered: Occasionally.

POS 325 • Political Communication. 3 Credits.

Analysis of the theoretical background behind political communication from a public speaking and media perspective. Attention to decision-making skills required in political campaigns. Discussion of advanced persuasive campaign theory.
Prerequisites: COM110N, POS 100, or consent of instructor. Offered: Occasionally interim. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in communication studies.

POS 329 • African Politics. 3 Credits.

Consideration of political development in Africa from the pre-colonial era through the present, focusing on changes in political regimes through time, the nature of economic struggles, and sources of violent conflict. Specific case studies and shared African experiences and challenges will be examined.
Offered: Spring. Special Notes: POS 202U or POS 205 recommended. Carries cross-credit in history.

POS 330K • Science, Values, and the Making of Environmental Policy. 3 Credits.

What role do citizens and experts play in the public policy process? Do people approach scientific evidence with competing value perspectives? These questions are examined in order to understand the interplay among key people, institutions, values, and power that is present in a series of environmental policy case studies.
Prerequisites: Laboratory Science (D) course; Mathematics (M) course. Offered: Fall, even # years. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in environmental science.

POS 340 • American Political Institutions. 3 Credits.

Examination of the U.S. Congress, Supreme Court, and presidency, with attention to the ­effects of institutions on the democratic and policy processes. Consideration of political science research on political institutions and contemporary issues facing them.
Prerequisites: POS 100 or consent of instructor. Offered: Fall, even # years

POS 342 • American Public Policy. 3 Credits.

Examination of public policy—the result of government action—through consideration of the policy process, policy design, and current status of American public policy. Special attention devoted to social policy with student investigation and research in public policy.
Prerequisites: POS 100 or consent of instructor. Offered: Spring, even # years

POS 345 • Modern Political Thought. 3 Credits.

Examination and consideration of selected political thinkers of the 19th and 20th centuries, including Freud, Nietzsche, Kuyper, Arendt, Rawls, Berlin, Yoder, Foucault, Mouw, and others. Concentrates on primary sources and Christian responses to the “end of political theory” in the 20th century.
Prerequisites: One course in political science, philosophy, or Western history, or consent of instructor. Offered: Spring, odd # years

POS 356 • Modern Middle East. 4 Credits.

Political, social, religious, economic, and cultural history of the Middle East since 1800. Particular attention is paid to colonialism, globalization, war, gender roles revolution, and reform. Controversies such as the Arab/Israeli conflict, the Islamic Revolution in Iran, Saddam Hussein’s Iraq, and the U.S. war on terror are discussed.
Prerequisites: Sophomore standing. Offered: Fall. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in history.

POS 360 • Classics in Western Political Philosophy. 4 Credits.

Selected political theorists. Writers such as Plato, Aristotle, early Christian writers, Machiavelli, Luther, Calvin, Locke, Marx, and Niebuhr. Concentrates on primary sources.
Prerequisites: One course in political science, philosophy, or European history. Offered: Spring, even # years. Special Notes: Carries cross-credit in philosophy and history.

POS 410 • Topics in Political Science. 3 Credits.

Intensive study of a specialized topic in political science. The topic to be studied and the subfield of the course are announced prior to the relevant registration period.
Prerequisites: Junior standing; two courses in political science. Repeatable course: Students may repeat the course for credit provided a different topic is covered. Offered: Occasionally

POS 481 • Internship in Political Science. 1-4 Credits.

An off-campus working experience in a government agency or political organization under appropriate supervision. Placement is individually arranged with the Department of Political Science.
Prerequisites: Consent of department chairperson. Offered: Fall, spring

POS 499 • Senior Seminar. 4 Credits.

Advanced research and analysis in selected problems and value questions in political science.
Prerequisites: POS 211; senior standing or consent of instructor. Offered: Fall, spring