BI510 • Hermeneutics. 3 Credits.

An introduction to biblical interpretation. The course will survey the relationship of author, text, and reader in the interpretative process with the goal of determining the nature and content of divine revelation. Students will gain practical skill in interpreting the primary literary genres of Scripture. This course should be taken as soon as possible after entering seminary and is a recommended prerequisite for all advanced courses in biblical studies. Campus: San Diego.

BT510 • Hermeneutics. 3 Credits.

An introduction to biblical interpretation. The course will survey the relationship of author, text, and reader in the interpretative process with the goal of determining the nature and context of divine revelation. Students will gain practical skill in interpreting the primary literary genres of Scripture. This course should be taken as soon as possible after entering seminary and is a prerequisite for all advanced courses in biblical studies. Campus: St. Paul.

BT514 • Interpretation and the Interpreter. 3 Credits.

This integrative course provides exploration of how the interpretation of biblical texts intersects with the following: human knowledge in global perspective; imagination in interpretation and formation; contextual theology in the faith community; speech-act theory and the interrelationship of author, text, and reader; and the role of differentiated leadership in the formation of the interpreter and process of interpretation.
Campus: St. Paul Special Notes: Enrollment limited to M.A.M.F.T. and Post-Graduate Certificate in M.F.T. students. Must be taken during first semester of enrollment as MAMFT or CERT in MFT student.

BT610 • Issues in Global Biblical Studies. 3 Credits.

This course combines two essential pieces for preparing students for serious engagement in biblical scholarship. The first is an introduction to the history of the interpretation of the Bible, particularly the last two centuries. The second component addresses current issues in biblical scholarship, such as the use of the Old Testament in the New Testament, historiography, theological hermeneutics, biblical theology, and global approaches to biblical studies.
Prerequisites: BT510.

BT631 • History of Interpretation. 3 Credits.

Minor attention will be given to the schools and movements from the Apostolic Age to the middle of the 19th century, with major concentration on the schools and movements from the middle of the late 19th century to the present.
Prerequisites: BT510. Special Notes: Offered according to demand.

BT655 • Integrative Hermeneutics. 3 Credits.

An in-depth look at the human experience of interpretation, through the grid of philosophical hermeneutics and its intersections to theology.
Prerequisites: BT510 Special Notes: Crosslisted with PH655.

BT663 • The Jewish World of Jesus. 1.5,3 Credits.

This course is designed to introduce students to the history and literature of Second Temple Judaism from the conquests of Alexander the Great (ca. 332 B.C.) through the Bar Kokhba Revolt (A.D. 131). Particular attention will be given to the Roman rule from 63 B.C. to the fall of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. Students will read extensive portions of primary texts and be introduced to the geographical, archaeological, social and religious contexts in which Jesus lived and taught.
Prerequisites: BT/BI510.

BT670 • Independent Study in Biblical Theology. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Prerequisites: BT510. Special Notes: Permission is required.

BT705 • Unity of the Bible. 3 Credits.

An attempt to discern the unity of all of Scripture using a biblical theology approach.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

BT716 • Old Testament Theology. 3 Credits.

A discussion of various theological perspectives on such prominent themes in the Old Testament revelation as creation, anthropology, sin, covenant, sacrifice, and law.
Prerequisites: BT510. Special Notes: Crosslisted with OT716 and TS716.

BT717 • New Testament Theology. 3 Credits.

A detailed study of some of the themes of the New Testament from the standpoint of biblical theology.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

BT750 • Seminar in Biblical Theology: Old Testament. 3 Credits.

Discussion of major themes being debated as the result of recent resurgent interest in the biblical theology of the Old Testament.
Prerequisites: BT510.

BT751 • Seminar in Biblical Theology: New Testament. 3 Credits.

Selected themes from the biblical theology of the New Testament are examined. The course may concentrate on synoptic, Johannine, or Pauline theology.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

BT770 • Bibilical Studies Thesis. 3 Credits.

This course gives students the experience of engaging in a concentrated research project in biblical studies (OT or NT; dependent on concentration). The project will be undertaken under the supervision of a thesis supervisor and will be expected to meet a set of criteria as established by the Bible faculty at BSSP similar to those employed by better peer-reviewed journals and will involve an internal and external examiner.
Prerequisites: BT510.

BT780 • Biblical Studies Seminar (Capstone course). 3 Credits.

This course is designed to equip students toward their vocational objectives by granting them experience in teaching a course in an academic or church context, presenting an academic paper, or designing an educational curriculum. The course emphasizes leadership in the classroom, the role of spiritual and personal formation in academic research and presentation, and other issues pertaining to professional development.
Prerequisites: BT510.

CF510 • Introduction to Children's and Family Ministry. 3 Credits.

This foundational course presents a broad overview of contemporary minstry to children and families set within the broader educational ministries of the church. The field of children's ministry are analyzed in the context of cultural trends affecting children, families, and the church. Students explore a survey of the history of religious education from Old Testament times to the present day as well as current theories of ministry to children and families. These experiences guide students in developing a biblical philosophy of ministry to children and families.

CF610 • Ministry with Families throughout the Life Cycle. 3 Credits.

This course is an exploration of church ministry with families; focusing on leadership functions towards strengthening family ministry in the church and faith formation in the home. Students will examine the developmental life cycle of individuals and families. Participants will be introduced to five models of family ministry including the educational model, the counseling model, the nuclear family model, the family of families model, and the family in service model. Varied resources for family ministry will be referenced.
Prerequisites: CF510.

CF612DE • Global and Missional Perspectives in Children's and Family Ministry. 3 Credits.

This course is an invitation to learn about what God is doing in children’s and family ministry in the global domain. Exploration of the 4/14 Window is foundational to understanding children as a key demographic in global ministry. Various global movements will be examined. Students will explore holistic child development and be introduced to advocacy for children and families at risk in both the North American context and the global context. Children as both recipients and agents of missional movements will be explored.
Prerequisites: CF510.

CF620 • The Teaching and Learning Process. 3 Credits.

This course is a study of the concepts which undergird learning theory, curriculum development, and curriculum assessment in children’s and family ministry. It is designed to provide an understanding of the teaching-learning process, the process of curriculum planning, curriculum evaluation and writing of curriculum materials. It also includes planning, implementing and evaluating teaching/learning experiences. The areas of creativity, learning styles, brain-based learning and multiple intelligences will be investigated through reading, discussion, classroom experiences and student-led teaching opportunities. Students will present in class, receive peer review and instructor feedback. Learning through evaluation is a key component of this course including self-evaluation.
Prerequisites: CF510. Special Notes: A participation fee is associated with this course.

CF630 • Leadership of Children's and Family Ministry. 3 Credits.

This course explores the essence of Christian leadership development and its influence on staff dynamics and the many facets of the administrative process within the context of a staff ministry position. Leadership emergence theory,grounded in the comparative study of life histories of biblical, historical, and contemporary leaders, forms the basis of analysis. Students will be encouraged to examine biblical leadership and the practical skills of creating and maintaining effective ministry teams, healthy staff relationships and dynamic programs for children and families. Prerequisite CF510.

CF630DE • Leadership of Children's and Family Ministry. 3 Credits.

This course explores the essence of Christian leadership development and its influence on staff dynamics and the many facets of the administrative process within the context of a staff ministry position. Leadership emergence theory,grounded in the comparative study of life histories of biblical, historical, and contemporary leaders, forms the basis of analysis. Students will be encouraged to examine biblical leadership and the practical skills of creating and maintaining effective ministry teams, healthy staff relationships and dynamic programs for children and families.
Prerequisites: CF510.

CF670 • Independent Study in Children's and Family Ministries. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

CF782DE • Senior Seminar: Integration and Field Education. 3 Credits.

This course invites students into an integrative experience that draws on all coursework experienced in the Master of Arts in Children’s and Family Ministry. The student will experience a model of professional development through field education through a mentoring relationship. It is hoped that students can experience a model that can carry them into their professional development journey after graduation from seminary. Exploration of the subject of mentoring comes through reading and discussion. In addition, students are required to engage in a relationship with a mentor for the purpose of spiritual, personal and professional growth. The ministry context offers an opportunity to gain feedback on the practice of ministry through supervision and feedback. Students will write a final paper that seeks to articulate and demonstrate integration and remaining areas of “disintegration” in their learning journey.
Prerequisites: CF510.

CM601 • Street Culture, the Poor and Urban Ministry. 1.5 Credits.

This course explores the current problems of urban society and the challenges these realities present to churches. A review of past and present responses to urban society by the church is considered with a view toward developing strategies for the present and future. The course is intended for all interested in formulating a theology of ministry—not solely for those interested in urban ministry.

CM601DI • Street Culture, the Poor and Urban Ministry. 3 Credits.

This course explores the current problems of urban society and the challenges these realities present to churches. A review of past and present responses to urban society by the church is considered with a view toward developing strategies for the present and future. The course is intended for all interested in formulating a theology of ministry—not solely for those interested in urban ministry.

CM605 • Theology of Poverty and Biblical Justice. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to provide a theological and practical framework on poverty and biblical justice. How we help the poor and respond to issues of social justice from biblical values shapes our strategy and mission. Topics include but are not limited to: poverty, immigration reform, economic inequality and prison reform movements, etc. The focus on the class will examine social issues from both a historical, theological and practical perspective. This class will place special emphasis on guiding local congregations to understand a specific social issue and develop an appropriate response. Campus: San Diego.

CM606 • Nonprofit Management. 3 Credits.

This is an introduction course that is intended to prepare students for management roles in nonprofit organizations and to provide an understanding of key management functions. This course provides a foundation for understanding nonprofit organizations within the greater context of the nonprofit sector and society as a whole. Topics will include: history of nonprofits, current “nonprofit nation,” management and leadership theory, program development operating strategies, board responsibilities, human resource management and advocacy. Campus: San Diego.

CM607 • Community Organizing. 3 Credits.

The study of social change prepares non-profit practitioners to understand the historic and regional environment in which they operate. Students will be exposed to different change models with an emphasis on the history and development of Consensus Organizing as a practical approach. Participants will learn concrete skills necessary to apply Consensus Organizing within their practice setting. Campus: San Diego.

CM608 • Fund Development and Marketing. 1.5 Credits.

This course is intended to explore the fundamentals of fund development and marketing programs within nonprofit organizations. Students will learn to design messages and communication materials for key constituencies and stakeholders, identify and develop a well-balanced base of support from individual donors and institutional funders and gain knowledge of common fundraising cycles and philanthropy programs. Special emphasis will be placed on accessing government funding and planning, researching and writing grants. Students will learn about developing a brand and marketing strategy and implementation tactics including social media, video, and public relations. Throughout the course there will be discussions on the ethical issues, technical tools and skills inherent within resource development and marketing in a nonprofit setting. The goal of this course is to ensure that each student gains a broad understanding of resource development and marketing communications. Campus: San Diego.

CM651 • Principles of Community Development. 1.5 Credits.

Principles for developing a holistic approach to community development and 'walking with the poor' -- emphasis on 'transformational development' in both the local and global contexts that enable empowerment, sustainability, and valuing the personal worth, without creating dependency. Campus: San Diego.

CM652 • Practice in Community Development. 1.5 Credits.

The application of principles of holistic community development as studied through case studies and field experiences either in the local or global contexts - allowing the student to build a project that is contiguous with vocational goals. Campus: San Diego.

CM670 • Independent Study in Community Ministry. 1-6 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

CP510 • Introduction to Preaching. 3 Credits.

A basic course in the principles of biblical preaching and sermon construction designed to introduce students to the purpose, nature, types, and techniques of preparing for and communicating the Word of God to contemporary people and society. Particular attention is given to one basic structural pattern in sermon preparation that will become foundational for a varied approach to preaching. The expository approach to preaching is emphasized. This course is designed for second-year students and assumes a basic understanding of biblical interpretation and exegetical methods.
Prerequisites: BT510/BI510.

CP610 • Communication and Organizational Leadership. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to address the essential elements of leadership communication. A model for leadership communication is presented, and students are challenged to process a wide range of material related to the foundations of leadership communication, organizational culture, organizational conflict, and organizational change.
Prerequisites: CP510. Special Notes: Crosslisted with ML610.

CP720 • Finding Your Voice in Preaching. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on helping students discover the preaching style that best fits their unique makeup. Focus is given to the study of various styles of preaching, including styles found in diverse contexts. Students are encouraged to discover their own voice in communicating the message of the Bible by integrating the learning they have done in personal spiritual development.
Prerequisites: CP510.

CP743 • Effective Communication from Old Testament Genres. 3 Credits.

Students learn how to faithfully communicate the depth of truth found in the passages of the Old Testament. We focus on the process of personally internalizing the biblical text in preparation for preaching it. Attention is given to the preparation of sermons that are biblically and hermeneutically sound as well as transformative in the lives of the preacher and the listener.
Prerequisites: CP510.

CP744 • Effective Communication from New Testament Genres. 3 Credits.

The recording of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection and the impact it had on the entire world has radical implications for our lives today. Students work to create effective communication that brings to bear the revelation of the New Testament on today’s world. This course involves the study of the hermeneutical issues related to the arranging of representative genres of the New Testament materials for preaching.
Prerequisites: CP510.

CP762 • Understanding Your Audience. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on preparing speakers to shape their messages to communicate effectively with different audiences. Speakers develop an understanding of how to address audiences with whom they will interact regularly, as well as those with whom they have significant differences in background, worldview, and culture. Students develop and deliver two sermons for audiences that are foreign to their experience and background.
Prerequisites: CP510.

CP763 • Integrating Media and the Arts in Preaching. 3 Credits.

This class explores the use of different forms of media as tools for communicating a given message. Attention is given to the use of media such as PowerPoint, video, film clips, drama, art, and music, as well as to the study of communicators who use the media and arts effectively in preaching. Students preach a minimum of two sermons using media and the arts to communicate their message. An understanding of the approach to preaching presented in CP510 is assumed.
Prerequisites: CP510.

CP870 • Independent Study in Communications and Preaching. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor. Permission is required.

DC635YL • Foundations of Incarnational Youth Ministry (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

This course gives an overview of contemporary culture, especially as it affects youth ministry, and provides historical and theological youth ministry concepts and grounding. In addition, a broad spectrum of ministry programs and issues will be addressed, such as “youth ministry as practical theology,” the changing family, organizing a ministry program, missions and service, and ministering in a multi-cultural, multi-contextual world.

DC636YL • Life of Christ: Communicating Christ to Adolescent Culture (Young Life Staff Trng). 3 Credits.

DC637YL • Youth Ministry Leadership and Community Dev (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

This course provides students with the foundational principles and skills involved in leading/managing a team of people as a youth minister. Special attention will be given to thinking and living biblically as a leader and also to strategic planning for building ministry. Emphasis will also be placed on developing community resources for ministry and clarifying one’s theology of leadership in the context of their ministry calling.

DC645 • Foundations of Youth Ministry. 3 Credits.

A philosophy of ministry to young people and their families is developed. The needs and characteristics of youth and methods of relating to them for purposes of Christian commitment and growth are presented. Family context is studied to understand youth and develop a holistic approach toward ministry.

DC645YL • Foundations of Youth Ministry. 3 Credits.

A philosophy of ministry to young people and their families is developed. The needs and characteristics of youth and methods of relating to them for purposes of Christian commitment and growth are presented. Family context is studied to understand youth and develop a holistic approach toward ministry.

DC646 • Communicating the Gospel to Teens. 3 Credits.

A study of the communcation process as it relates to teenagers. Strategies to communicate the gospel, evangelize, and nurture faith in teenagers are discussed. Effective proclamation and teaching techniques are studied.

DC646YL • Communicating the Gospel to Teens. 3 Credits.

A study of the communcation process as it relates to teenagers. Strategies to communicate the gospel, evangelize, and nurture faith in teenagers are discussed. Effective proclamation and teaching techniques are studied.

DC661 • Team Leadership. 3 Credits.

This course offers an overview of the knowledge, skills, and abilities necessary for sustained success in team leadership. The Bible, contemporary literature, and congregational studies are drawn together to inform the student’s leadership awareness. Principles and practices for attracting, developing, and maintaining high-performance ministry teams are examined. Special emphasis is given to identifying and discussing the critical knowledge, skills, and abilities required for sustained success in a team-based, entrepreneurial organizational setting.

DC670 • Independent Study in Discipleship in Community. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

DC710 • Pastoral Care of Youth. 3 Credits.

Investigation is made into the function of the pastor in relation to counseling with youth. Social and psychological factors in adolescence are studied. Problems to be considered are youth culture, youth identity crises, drug abuse, adolescent rebellion, evangelism, vocational guidance, sex education, and parent-child conflict. The role of the pastor and the church in ministering to youth and their families is stressed.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with PC710.

DC712 • Teaching for Transformation. 3 Credits.

Effective teaching is studied from the perspective of the learner, including motivational factors, needs, learning styles, life stage, and personal development. Analysis of the role of the teacher as the orchestrator of the teaching-learning process includes character, beliefs, lesson design, communication strategies, and teaching style. Course methodologies include readings, discussions, analysis of classroom teaching (via video), live observations, compressed video, focus groups, guest practitioners, and practice teaching.

DC720 • Congregational Systems. 3 Credits.

A study of the local church as an organism and organization. Each congregation is unique in identity, context, process, and program. Effective ministry requires a full and accurate interpretation of church life. This course develops basic approaches, methods, and tools for analysis of a congregation. A model for church health provides a basis for the creation of ministry strategy and problem solutions. Special Notes:Crosslisted with ML720.

DC741 • Ministering to Adults. 3 Credits.

This course is an examination of adult developmental life cycles (including transitions), with attention given to specific ways the congregation can minister to adults in each life stage. Students conduct contextual studies on particular areas of adult programming such as ministry to singles, ministry to women, and ministry to senior adults. The impact of motivation and learning theory on the improvement of instruction and learner achievement is considered. Models of effective church and parachurch programs to adults are studied. Adult ministry plans, both developmental and functional, are developed.

DC742 • Ministering to Families. 3 Credits.

Students study the sociology of the family with special concentration on problems of the contemporary American family. Problems such as mobility, divorce, unemployment, and changing sexual ethics are discussed. New forms of the family are studied in light of the Scriptures. Church ministries to various styles of family life are developed and analyzed. Students seek to answer the question of how the church can meet the needs of families in the 21st century.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with PC742.

DC743 • Ministering with and to Senior Adults. 3 Credits.

An overview of the characteristics of life after typical retirement age provides the basis for exploring ministry to senior adults. Biblical and psychological foundations for communicating and ministering to senior adults are described and analyzed. The course addresses the challenge of providing meaningful involvement, learning, and ministry within the church and larger community.

DC745 • Family Systems. 3 Credits.

This course discusses basic family dynamics (such as intimacy, communication, power, and shame) with special emphasis given to examing those dynamics from the family system and family development theoretical perspectives. Relevant family topics (health, sexuality, spirituality, abuse, compulsive behavior, and divorce) are addressed, with opportunities for students to apply theoretical principles to real-life family situations. Special attention is given to families' interactions with the institutional church and ways in which pastors can minister more effectively to a broad range of families.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with PC745.

DC749 • Spiritual Direction. 3 Credits.

Development of a working definition of spiritual direction and an understanding of the unique characteristics of discipling, mentoring, counseling, and directing relationships. The roles of director and directee, the life of faith and the growth of prayer, the conduct of spiritual direction relationships, and possible benefits and hazards are among the topics considered. Christian educators, pastors, and lay persons respond to the assignments of the course in ways that are suitable for their particular situations.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with SP749.

DC755 • Family Systems. 1.5 Credits.

This course discusses basic family dynamics (such as intimacy, communication, power, and shame) with special emphasis given to examing those dynamics from the family system and family development theoretical perspectives. Relevant family topics (health, sexuality, spirituality, abuse, compulsive behavior, and divorce) are addressed, with opportunities for students to apply theoretical principles to real-life family situations. Special attention is given to families' interactions with the institutional church and ways in which pastors can minister more effectively to a broad range of families.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with PC755.

DC759 • Growing through Small Groups. 3 Credits.

Examines the need for small groups within congregational life, strategies for forming groups, leading groups, how they provide the basic needs for pastoral care, and how they become the essential building block for growing a missional church.
Campus: San Diego. Special Notes: Crosslisted with PC759 and ML759.

GC512 • Global, Cultural and Contextual Ministry. 3 Credits.

A biblically grounded examination of culture as the context of all ministry. This course applies understanding of culture to the global mission mandate of the church, and examines how one's cultural identity influences spiritual and personal growth as well as leadership potential. The course provides opportunity for acquisition of skills for understanding other cultures. It explores in depth historical and contemporary structural impediments to the church's mission, including power differentials, racism, sexism, and classism. The reconciling power of the Gospel to transform the church into a new and just community will permeate the course.

GC565A • Cross-Cultural Internship. 0.5 Credits.

This course supports spiritual, personal, and vocational formation through service in a cross-cultural internship setting related to the student’s intended field of service. Vocational skills are developed and strengthened through learning covenant goals emphasizing biblical and theological foundations, spiritual and personal formation, transformational leadership, intercultural competence, and holistic integration. Training, theological reflection, accountability, and assessment are provided through on-and-off campus interactions with qualified mentors and peers.
Prerequisites: SP510, GC512, and GC609. Special Notes: This course is for San Diego MA and MDiv students with a Missional Leadership Concentration. Campus: San Diego.

GC565B • Cross-Cultural Internship. 1 Credit.

This course supports spiritual, personal, and vocational formation through service in a cross-cultural internship setting related to the student’s intended field of service. Vocational skills are developed and strengthened through learning covenant goals emphasizing biblical and theological foundations, spiritual and personal formation, transformational leadership, intercultural competence, and holistic integration. Training, theological reflection, accountability, and assessment are provided through on-and-off campus interactions with qualified mentors and peers.
Prerequisites: GC565A. Special Notes: This course is for San Diego MA and MDiv students with a Missional Leadership Concentration. Campus: San Diego.

GC565C • Cross-Cultural Internship. 0.5 Credits.

This course supports spiritual, personal, and vocational formation through service in a cross-cultural internship setting related to the student’s intended field of service. Vocational skills are developed and strengthened through learning covenant goals emphasizing biblical and theological foundations, spiritual and personal formation, transformational leadership, intercultural competence, and holistic integration. Training, theological reflection, accountability, and assessment are provided through on-and-off campus interactions with qualified mentors and peers.
Prerequisites: GC565A, GC565B. Special Notes: This course is for San Diego MA and MDiv students with a Missional Leadership Concentration. Campus: San Diego.

GC565D • Cross-Cultural Internship. 1 Credit.

This course supports spiritual, personal, and vocational formation through service in a cross-cultural internship setting related to the student’s intended field of service. Vocational skills are developed and strengthened through learning covenant goals emphasizing biblical and theological foundations, spiritual and personal formation, transformational leadership, intercultural competence, and holistic integration. Training, theological reflection, accountability, and assessment are provided through on-and-off campus interactions with qualified mentors and peers.
Prerequisites: GC565A, GC565B, GC565C. Special Notes: This course is for San Diego MA and MDiv students with a Missional Leadership Concentration. Campus: San Diego.

GC609 • Intercultural Communications. 1.5 Credits.

The study of worldview, value orientations and cultural dynamics as they affect the communication process within an intercultural context either locally or globally - also examining aspects of cultural conflict, adaptation, and leadership. Campus: San Diego.

GC610 • Cross-Cultural Communication. 3 Credits.

This course examines the dynamics of the communication process and the ways in which various cultures, audience segments, or value orientations condition the interpretation of different symbol systems. Each student selects a culture or subculture to evaluate its most dominant worldview components and the approaches to church work that are most likely to be effective in that setting.

GC611 • Christianity in Culture. 3 Credits.

Culture is studied to help those serving in various ministry contexts to identify the distinctives of culture and Christian heritage; to distinguish the secular aspects of heritage from the distinctly Christian elements; and to know when to hold firm or to be flexible when providing pastoral care for people of other generations or cultures.

GC612 • Cross Cultural Leadership. 1.5,3 Credits.

This course examines the biblical purposes and function of leadership through a cross-cultural understanding of how to first serve and then lead. Aspects of vision casting, influencing change, and becoming missional leaders are discussed as to cultural leadership characteristics. The emphasis for the student is on how to encourage and develop leaders more than how to function as a leader in a host culture.

GC614 • Christianity and Culture. 1.5 Credits.

The study of postmodern culture and the current values and beliefs in which we now minister so as to help one know how to communicate the Gospel, how to understand decision-making, and how social influences affect the hearing of the biblical message. Campus: San Diego.

GC615 • Communications and Culture. 3 Credits.

This course seeks to explore various ways in which culture affects the effective communication of the Christian message. It is largely a study of issues and practices related to effective cross-cultural or intercultural communication, with attention to understanding cultural contexts and barriers and applications to effective Christian witness across, and within, cultures. The course examines the dynamics of the communication process and the ways in which various cultures, audience segments, or value orientations condition the interpretation and communication of the Bible and other messages. Areas of focus include the nature of cultural contexts and their impact upon perceptions, values, beliefs, and social structures. Each student selects a culture or sub-culture, evaluating the dominant worldview components and developing a strategy for effectively communicating the Christian faith to persons within such cultures.

GC618YL • The Kingdom of God and Cultural Intelligence (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

This course addresses cultural self-awareness and cross-cultural competence for building healthy relationships within diverse communities. Drawing upon biblical, anthropological, sociological and cross-cultural communication theories, students gain basic tools for researching and interacting among a variety of cultural, ethnic, and religious groups.

GC632 • World Religions. 1.5,3 Credits.

This couse is a study of the world religions that provide structures of belief and meaning for vast numbers of people in America and globally. A primary goal is to develop the understanding and sensitivities necessary to represent Christ attractively, and communicate His Gospel intelligibly, to adherents of these faiths. It is also an opportunity to develop an informed Christian theology of religions.
Prerequisites: TS512 (recommended). Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS632.

GC650 • Missions in Global Urban Context. 3 Credits.

This course explores many of the critical issues arising from the rapid urbanization occurring around the world, and examines the numerous elements involved in effective ministry/missions in an international urban context. Students explore the many issues involved in adequately exegeting a major urban context. The course examines the impact of urbanization upon the task of communicating the Christian message and of establishing a dynamic and reproducing church in an international urban context. Specific aspects explored include ministry to the urban poor, ministry to immigrants and migrants (both in-country and foreign), ministry to international students, and a variety of social ministries that can significantly influence urban ministry.

GC656 • Understanding Cults. 1.5,3 Credits.

A study of the major religions founded in America that identify themselves as Christian or are most likely to convert current church-going Christians and their friends and family, yet fall outside the accepted boundaries of historic, core Christian doctrines and/or practices. The history and teachings of groups such as the Watchtower Society (Jehovah's Witnesses) and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (LDS or Mormons) will be detailed, with a more general look at some of the lesser, but still present movements. Methods on how to dialogue with members of these groups will be discussed. The focus of our conversations will be salvation by grace alone through faith in Jesus, the truth of which is told in the Bible, solely for the glory of God alone.

GC659 • Implementing Change. 1.5 Credits.

To understand how change occurs within the social dynamics of an organization or a culture, the variables that affect change and appropriate strategies for introducing change to organizational structures in the church or community are discussed.
Special Notes: San Diego only.

GC660 • Change Agency. 3 Credits.

This is a course in applied anthropology and cultural dynamics with special attention given to how culture change occurs, the dynamics and variables that effect change, and appropriate strategies for the effective change agent, whether an individual or an organization. The course will also focus on contemporary areas of social responsibility for Christian advocates and agents of change. This course will assist church leaders (in the U.S. or overseas), missionaries, anthropologists, development agencies, social ministries, and others in understanding how change occurs, how to effectively introduce change into organizations and communities, how to evaluate when we should and should not introduce change, and what the biblical and theological foundation is for our personal involvement as advocates for and agents of change.

GC670 • Independent Study in Global and Contextual Ministries. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

GC673 • Cross-Cultural Experience. 1.5 Credits.

Shaped as an independent study around a cross-cultural experience of the student, usually as part of a global mission project or as a local ethnic ministry. This is arranged with the ML professor to create an in-depth study in which the experience will occur. Campus: San Diego.

GC700 • Understanding Islam. 1.5,3 Credits.

The study of Islam as both a system of beliefs and as a culture, how Islam is growing and accomplishing its own 'evangelism,' and ways in which the Gospel can engage Muslim followers within their particular culture and sect of Islam.

GC704 • Religion in Anthropology. 1.5 Credits.

The study of basic roles of religion in society, including its role as explanation system and means of social regulation; how worldviews influence cultures, how to use ethnography and to analyze culture to describe religion, worldview values, tradition, and structures of faith. Campus: San Diego.

GC708 • History of World Missions. 1.5,3 Credits.

A survey of the missionary movements on the major continents with special emphasis on biographies, types of mission field, and missionary strategy.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS708.

GC711 • Spiritism and Folk Beliefs. 1.5 Credits.

A study of how folk beliefs become the practice in major religions (Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Hispanic Catholicism), the importance of recognizing the 'excluded middle' in cultural beliefs, and issues of spiritual warfare and syncretism to be considered in communicating the Gospel.
Special Notes: San Diego only.

GC739 • Theology in a Global Context. 3 Credits.

This course addresses key intersections between theology and culture and explores questions and issues related to contextuality in theologizing. It does so by close readings, discussions, and analysis of contemporary theologies coming from beyond the traditional Euro-American context, including African, Asian, Latin American, and other non-Western contexts. Themes of focus include Christology, anthropology, and the doctrine of salvation.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS739.

GC870 • Independent Study in Global and Contextual Leadership. 3 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor. Permission is required.

GS001 • Graduate Research Seminar. 0 Credit.

The Graduate Research Seminar is a requirement for all students in a degree program. The seminar teaches students to design their research methodologies to most effectively complete course assignments. By learning how to efficiently use library tools and services, a student will save time and effort when completing assignments. The class will also focus on evaluating, citing, and using source material properly.

GS670 • Independent Study in General Studies. 1-3 Credits.

GS780 • Senior Integrative Seminar. 3 Credits.

This senior-level seminar focuses on summative work in integrating a student's learning in Bible, theology, and history; ministry leadership; spiritual and personal formation; and intercultural sensitivity and competence. Integration methodologies are explored theoretically and practically. Methods conducive to integrative learning (e.g., case studies, team teaching) are utilized to explore both interdisciplinary and faith/praxis integration.
Special Notes: This course must be taken in the student’s final year.

GS801 • Integral Research & Writing. 3 Credits.

The culmination of all doctoral level work is a research project commonly called a thesis or dissertation. Because the Doctor of Ministry degree is a "professional" doctoral degree, its focus is more practical than academic. However, it still requires a very high level of research, analysis, synthesis and writing. The purpose of the research project is to contribute new knowledge, models, and/or methodologies to the practice of ministry. The research project may also focus on discovering solutions to ministry challenges. Integral Research and Writing provides students with a comprehensive conceptual framework for conducting effective qualitative (and/or mixed method) research. This course also introduces students to a variety of research methodologies from which to pursue their research. Additionally, students will participate in an Integral Research Inventory to help them discover their most natural “research path” and begin the process of developing an integral research proposal. Students will also be exposed to matters related to doctoral level research writing and become familiar with the style guide that dictates the final form the research project report will take. This is a required course and should be taken by all students no later than their second course.

GS801P • Integral Research & Writing: Project. 3 Credits.

GS901 • Thesis Proposal Foundations. 3 Credits.

Thesis Proposal Foundations (GS901) and Thesis Proposal Workshop (GS902) are two parts within a combined course unit and are to be taken in order in subsequent terms. For GS901, students orient themselves to the nature of research proposals and the purpose of research. Additionally, students use GS901 as a place to identify and refine their research topics, crystallize this topic in the form of a problem and response statement, begin to explore the relevant literature related to the topic, and develop a preliminary bibliography related to this literature. The identification and submission of a problem and response statement and the development and submission of a preliminary bibliography are the primary outcomes for Thesis Proposal Foundations. These outcomes serve as the basis upon which the Thesis Proposal Workshop will be conducted.

GS902 • Thesis Proposal Workshop. 3 Credits.

All students in the Doctor of Ministry program will participate in a one-week thesis proposal workshop. Each participant will develop and bring to the workshop a preliminary thesis proposal developed according to guidelines stated in the pre-course assignments and based upon the work done in GS901. The week will be spent in a process of modification, expansion and refinement of this proposal as well as in development of a strategy for proposal implementation and for the writing of the thesis project report.
Prerequisites: GS901.

GS991 • Thesis Project A. 3 Credits.

This course is for students who have completed GS901 Thesis Proposal Foundations and GS902 Thesis Proposal Workshop and are currently working on their thesis writing and engaged with their Thesis Advisor.
Prerequisites: GS901, GS902. Special Notes: This course is required and is Pass/ Fail.

GS992 • Thesis Project B. 3 Credits.

This course is for students who have completed GS991 Thesis Project 1, have an approved thesis proposal, are currently working on their thesis writing, and are engaged with their Thesis Advisor.
Prerequisites: GS991. Special Notes: This course is required and is Pass/ Fail.

GS993 • Thesis Project C. 3 Credits.

This course is for students who have completed GS991/ GS992 Thesis Project 1 and 2 and are currently working on their thesis writing and engaged with their Thesis Advisor. It is taken in the spring semester of the year they intend to graduate. This course is required and is graded by the Thesis Advisor based on the entire thesis and the oral defense. Students not meeting the guidelines will be put in extension status and required to meet graduation deadlines again the following year.
Prerequisites: GS991, GS992.

HS501DE • Church History: From the Early Church to the Reformation. 1.5 Credits.

An introduction to the major movements within Christian history from the beginnings of the church to the 16th century. Students will also be introduced to basic methodology and bibliographical tools used in the study of the past.

HS502DE • Church History: The Church in the Modern World. 1.5 Credits.

An introduction to the major movements within Christian history since the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century. Students will also be involved in primary research in the field of church history.
Prerequisites: HS501.

HS510 • Church History Survey. 3 Credits.

This course provides an introduction to the major movements, ideas, figures, and events within Christian history from the beginnings of the church to the present era. Participants will be introduced to basic methodology and bibliographical tools used to study the past. Taking up both secondary and primary texts, we will learn to analyze, discuss, and interpret the material of church history. With critical and theological alertness, we will relate the ecclesiastical and doctrinal traditions of the past to contemporary movements and theological thinking, in the process discovering how we may responsibly apply the past's wisdom (both exemplary and cautionary) to our own lives and ministries.

HS512 • American Christianity. 1.5 Credits.

This course provides an introduction to the major movements, ideas, figures, and events in American Christian history, within a global context, from colonization to recent decades. Through engagement with primary documents, students will learn how transplanted European churches responded and "American originals" sprang up in the face of five centuries of challenges and opportunities including: colonization, the expansion of the frontier, wars of independence and unification, slavery, immigration, intellectual challenges to the faith, and the new political and social realities of the 20th and 21st centuries. In the face of these social changes, how did the church not only innovate but also reaffirm its central identity - such as its four classic qualities of oneness, holiness, apostolicity, and catholicity? Participants will not only learn how American Christianity got to be the way it is, but also how we can live and minister better in America (and the world) today.

HS601 • History of Christian Thought: The Early Church to Scholasticism. 1.5,3 Credits.

A survey of the major historical, cultural, and theological factors influencing the development of doctrine to Aquinas, with major analysis of the work of the Ante- and Post-Nicene councils and their subsequent influence on the articulation of the structure of theological thought.
Prerequisites: HS510 (St Paul). Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS601.

HS602 • History of Christian Thought: Scholasticism to Enlightenment. 1.5,3 Credits.

An analysis of theological renewal based on inductive study from the writings of Wycliffe, Hus, Luther, Calvin, the Anabaptists, Elizabethan-American Puritans, and John Wesley.
Prerequisites: HS510 (St Paul). Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS602.

HS603 • History of Christian Thought: 19th Century to the Present. 1.5,3 Credits.

An analysis of contemporary theology as it is reflected in the formative periods of the 19th to the present, with particular reference to the modern era and its significance to contemporary church life.
Prerequisites: HS510 (St Paul). Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS603.

HS605 • Protestant Reformation. 3 Credits.

A study of the varieties of Protestantism during the 16th century. The contributions of several reformers to biblical study, liturgical worship, theology, and ecclesiastical order are investigated in detail.
Prerequisites: HS510.

HS611 • Women in the Christian Tradition. 1.5,3 Credits.

An exploration of the life, thought, and context of selected Christian women across the centuries. Issues of public values, personal identity, and group affiliations have long been important to this discussion. Since the mid-19th century, and particularly in the dramatic changes in the roles and experience of women since WWII, interpretive voices (e.g., in the literature) have notably both reflected and shaped the realities. The goal of this course is to engage the "cloud of woman-witnesses," in their cultures, in a manner that will enlighten and inspire one's own life.

HS640 • Christian Lives and Spirituality in History. 3 Credits.

This course tells the story of Christianity through the life experiences of selected men and women in their historical contexts. Utilizing several varieties of literature, these people are valued both as insightful mentors and as unique persons in need of God's grace and human community. Students are invited to reflect on their own spiritual journeys and vocations.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) TS512.

HS652 • Christian Spiritual Life: Henri Nouwen. 3 Credits.

A study of major themes in the thought of Henri Nouwen (1932-1996), one of the most influential Chrisitan spiritual writers of our generation. The emphasis is on primary sources, set in the framework of his life and development, and complemented by reflections from the instructor, who served as a teaching fellow with Nouwen during the author's Harvard years (1983-1985). The goal is for this experience to provide critical insights and personal values that illuminate and encourage our lives as beloved and faithful children of the Lord.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with SP652.

HS653 • Readings in the Theology of John Calvin. 3 Credits.

This course analyzes and evaluates the mature theology of John Calvin as presented in the 1559 edition of the Institutes of the Christian Religion.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS653.

HS669P • Consortium Course (The St Paul Seminary):. 1.5-3 Credits.

HS669U • Consortium Course (United Seminary):. 1.5-3 Credits.

HS670 • Independent Study in Church History. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

HS671 • Modern Catholicism: French Revolution to the Present. 3 Credits.

An analysis of the Catholic response to the modern world of French, American, Industrial, and Communist revolutions. Particular attention is given to Vatican I and II, as well as Catholic biblical study in the 20th century, papal leadership, and the international focus of the hierarchy.

HS672 • Baptist History and Theology. 1.5,3 Credits.

A study of special problems and approaches in Baptist history, theology, and polity with an intensive approach to contemporary issues and trends. Taught jointly by professors of church history and theology.
Special Notes: Crosslited with TS672.

HS673 • Baptist General Conference History and Mission. 3 Credits.

A study of the various historical forces that have shaped the Baptist General Conference (Now Converge Worldwide), including key personalities and important projects. Special attention is given to the new role of the conference in the world as developed in the last century.

HS675 • Creeds & Confessions of the Reformed Church. 3 Credits.

An exploration of the theology of the Reformed Tradition through the study of nine creeds and confessions. The course also discusses how the pressure of church heresies and conflicts, as well as national pressures, brought together some of the most important theological statements the church has produced. In addition, the course explores the theological expressions surrounding the doctrines of the person and nature of Christ, the sacraments, election, the Bible and its interpretation, the church, and the relationship of church and state. This course is one of three offered in San Diego that are required by the local Presbytery for ordination in the PCUSA.
Campus: San Diego. Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS675.

HS676 • Reformed Worship and Sacraments. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the history, tradition, and structure of Reformed worship. The course answers questions, give practical applications, and considers the meaning and observance of the sacraments.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS676.

HS686 • The Pietist Tradition. 1.5,3 Credits.

Pietism, "a religion of the heart," signifies a movement launched in the 17th century to reclaim the experiential dimension of Christian faith. This course traces the Pietist impulse in Christian history, evaluates its varied manifestations, and explores the relevance of a biblically-anchored Pietism to the renewal of the contemporary church.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS and TS.

HS687 • Liturgy through the Ages. 3 Credits.

This course is an overview of the theological principles, historical developments, and practical considerations that have shaped Christian worship throughout the ages, with special attention paid to Anglican worship. In addition to studying the shape of historical liturgies, we also look at the use of time, space, music, and art in worship.

HS689 • Anglican Spirituality. 3 Credits.

One of the chief duties of clergy in the Anglican tradition is developing the spiritual life of the congregation. This course acquaints the student with both ascetical theology and practices that lead to a distinctive Anglican spirituality based on the Book of Common Prayer and the sacraments, and the renewing power of the Holy Spirit. It will include readings from Celtic, Medieval, Caroline, Evangelical Anglo-Catholic, and Pentecostal sources.

HS690 • Anglican Theology and History. 3 Credits.

This course is a survey of the principal events, people, and convictions that shaped theology and practice among the Christians of Great Britain and their descendants, from the Middle Ages to the present. The class includes reading and interacting with authors from the Medieval, Classical, Evangelical, Anglo-Catholic, Liberal, and Charismatic streams of the Anglican tradition.

HS703 • Christian Classics. 3 Credits.

An evaluation of important Christian literature, from Augustine's Confessions to C.S. Lewis' Till We have Faces. Attention will be directed to the context of several types of classics, as well as to their authors and messages.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with SP703.

HS708 • History of World Missions. 1.5,3 Credits.

A survey of the missionary movements on the major continents with special emphasis on biographies, types of mission field, and missionary strategy.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with GC708.

HS712 • Minorities and American Christianity. 3 Credits.

A study of African American, American Indian, and Hispanic Christianity. Examines the history of each group, their contributions to American Christianity, and the special problems each group faces.

HS717 • Eastern Christendom. 3 Credits.

A study of Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine period and conversion of the Slavic lands to the centuries under Islam and the Russian Renaissance of the 20th century. Theological distinctives of orthodoxy such as theosis, icons, and liturgy are explored. Contemporary orthodox dialogue with Roman Catholic theology and its participation in the World Council of Churches are assessed.

HS726 • History and Theology of Minstry. 3 Credits.

This course invites the student to a survey of important theological expressions and models in the history of Christian ministries from the first century through the present day. We consider selected themes (WISHMAP), illustrated by classic and contemporary sources, within a chronological framework. The goal is for these “voices” to enlighten and inspire our lives in faithful, fruitful service for Jesus Christ and the Kingdom.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with ML726 and TS726. Campus: San Diego.

HS790 • Advanced Seminars. 3 Credits.

Specialized studies will be offered for those interested in any period of church history.

MF500 • Principles of Counseling. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to provide a foundation of basic skills for people who want to enhance their therapy and abilities. It combines theoretical understanding and hands-on practice of essential counseling micro-skills and will serve as the pre-requisite counseling course for students enrolling in or transferring to the Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy program. St. Paul enrollment limited to students in MAMFT or the Graduate Certificate in MFT.
Special Notes: MF500 is a prerequisite for students without an undergraduate/graduate degree in counseling or a related discipline, or (in San Diego) without an introductory course in counseling/psychotherapy theory and technique.

MF611 • Foundations of Marriage and Family Studies. 3 Credits.

This course examines the historical development and theoretical foundations of marriage and family studies, as well as theological issues in the study of marriage and family and the practice of marriage and family therapy. Special attention is given to family systems theory. Students are encouraged to examine their own assumptions about families and to develop increased congruence between their theological convictions and their theoretical perspectives.
Special Notes: Enrollment limited to students in M.A.M.F.T., or the Post-Graduate Certificate in M.F.T.

MF612 • Families in Context: Gender, Class and Culture. 3 Credits.

This course explores differences in family structure and interaction related to race, ethnicity, culture, and socioeconomic status. The influences of gender role perceptions are examined. Students identify challenges of providing therapy and pastoral care to families who differ from themselves in terms of gender, class, and culture.
Prerequisites: MF611. Campus: St. Paul only.

MF613 • Dynamics of Family Interaction: Sexuality, Spirituality and Socialization. 3 Credits.

This course analyzes dynamic processes of family and couple relationships such as love and intimacy; communication; shame; power; family stress; and coping. Family changes such as divorce, remarriage, and grief are also addressed. Special attention is given to the ways couples and families interact around issues of sexuality and spirituality. Students are encouraged to develop an awareness of the influences of these family dynamics in their own families of origin.
Prerequisites: MF611. Special Notes: Enrollment limited to students in the M.A.M.F.T. or Graduate Post-Certificate in M.F.T. programs. Campus: St. Paul.

MF621 • Individual Development Within the Family. 3 Credits.

This course explores the development of individuals within the family over the life cycle. Childhood, adolescent, and adult development and aging are examined with attention given to physical, spiritual, intellectual, and social development and their implications for the practice of therapy and pastoral care.
Prerequisites: MF611. Campus: St. Paul.

MF622 • Individual and Family Psychopathology I. 3 Credits.

This course helps students understand and identify individual and relational problems and gain awareness of abnormal and/or unhealthy development of individuals and relationships. The course includes introduction to and critique of DSM-IV diagnostic categories.
Prerequisites: MF611, MF621. Special Notes: Enrollment limited to students in M.A.M.F.T. or the Post-Graduate Certificate in M.F.T. Campus: St. Paul.

MF623 • Individual and Family Psychopathology II. 3 Credits.

This course helps students assess and diagnose relational problems and mental illness and disorders in children, adolescents, and adults. The course includes thorough interaction with the DSM-IV diagnostic categories.
Prerequisites: MF611, MF622. Special Notes: St. Paul only.

MF624 • Challenges over the Family Life Cycle. 3 Credits.

Students examine therapeutic strategies for addressing developmental issues throughout the family life cycle, such as marriage preparation, transition to parenthood, parenting over the life cycle, work and family issues, chronic illness, and aging.
Prerequisites: MF611. Campus: St. Paul only.

MF625 • Theories of Marital and Family Therapy I. 3 Credits.

Students review and critique--from theological, spiritual, and theoretical perspectives--the major approaches to family therapy. Applications of techniques from these approaches are practiced in class. Students also examine the place of marriage and family therapy in pastoral care and begin to articulate their own approach to working with families. Campus: San Diego.

MF626 • Theories of Marital and Family Therapy II. 1.5 Credits.

Working with case studies, students will build on their knowledge of MFT theories by focusing on theory-based assessment, treatment planning, goal prioritization and intervention informed by the recovery model. Therapy adaptations will be explored for a variety of clinical settings with culturally and economically diverse clinical populations. Special emphasis will be given to AAMFT's Core Competencies and self-of-therapist dynamics.
Prerequisites: MF625. Campus: San Diego.

MF627 • Research Design and Evaluation. 3 Credits.

Students explore the interpretation and design of qualitative and quantitative research in the social sciences with special focus on human development, mental health, relational issues and processes and outcomes of marriage and family therapy, and mental health counseling. Principles of understanding and critiquing published research are examined with the goal of enabling students to use current literature to ground their therapeutic and pastoral responses to family and mental health concerns.
Prerequisites: MF625 or MH625. Campus: San Diego.

MF629 • Community Mental Health. 3 Credits.

The history of community mental health care provides a context for introducing students to contemporary mental health issues and services especially in Southern California. The course emphasizes strengths based systemic recovery-oriented treatment with consumers, their families, and their communities who struggle with the challenges, among others, of severe mental illness, chronic medical conditions, poverty, joblessness, and violence. Direct contact with public and private agencies and their clients is a core part of this course.
Prerequisites: MF625 and MF646. Campus: San Diego

MF631 • Professional and Ethical Issues in Marriage & Family Therapy. 3 Credits.

This course address legal and ethical situations arising in the practice of marital and family therapy and examine unique challenges of maintaining appropriate boundaries within ministry settings. Issues of professional development are discussed, and students are encouraged to develop strategies for continuing professional, personal, and spiritual growth.
Prerequisites: MF611. St Paul Only. Special Notes: Enrollment limited to students in M.A.M.F.T. or the Post-Graduate Certificate. Campus: St. Paul.

MF635 • Individual Development, Aging and Family Life Cycle. 3 Credits.

This course explores the development of individuals within the family over the life cycle and therapeutic strategies for addressing developmental issues. Childhood, adolescence, marriage preparation, transition to parenthood, parenting over the life cycle, work and family issues, and chronic illness are examined. Attention is given to physical, spiritual, intellectual, and social development and their implications for the practice of therapy and pastoral care.
Prerequisites: MF625. Campus: San Diego

MF636 • Dynamics of Family Process. 1.5 Credits.

The dynamic processes of family and couple relationships such as socialization, communication, shame, power, stress, and coping are examined. Special attention is given to spirituality and how families transition through divorce, remarriage, and grief. Students are given opportunities to explore these dynamics in their own families of origin.
Prerequisites: MF625. Campus: San Diego

MF641 • Theories of Marriage and Family Therapy. 3 Credits.

Students review and critique, from theological and theoretical perspectives, major approaches to family therepy, including structural, strategic, transgenerational, experiential, object relations, contextual, systemic, and other emerging models of therapy. Application of techniques from these approaches is practiced in class. Students also examine the place of marriage and family therapy in pastoral care and begin to articulate their own approaches to working with families.
Prerequisites: MF611 and recommended MF551. Special Notes: Enrollment limited to students in M.A.M.F.T. or the Post-Graduate Certificate in M.F.T. Campus: St. Paul.

MF642 • Couple and Family Assessment. 3 Credits.

Theoretical perspectives on marital and family assessment are presented, along with an overview of and experience with frequently used personality and relationship assessment tools. This course also introduces the student to the fundamental skills necessary for mental health diagnostic assessment and treatment planning. Students will learn and practice the skills essential to the first three sessions of family treatment. Both medical model and systems integration will be addressed so that students may become bilingual in their ability to negotiate professional relationships with insurance companies, Rule 29 agencies, and other professionals who use a medical model as their primary approach to mental health, while retaining an inherently systemic approach to treatment.
Prerequisites: MF611. Special Notes: Enrollment limited to students in M.A.M.F.T. or the Graduate Certificate in M.F.T. Campus: St. Paul.

MF643 • Advanced Clinical Issues. 3 Credits.

This course focuses on developing therapeutic and pastoral care strategies based on research, theory, and theological reflection to address issues such as separation and divorce, single-parent and remarried families, infertility, adultery, sexual dysfunction, abuse and violence in the family, and addictive and compulsive behaviors.
Prerequisites: MF611 and MF642. Special Notes:Enrollment limited to students in M.A.M.F.T. or the Post-Graduate Certificate in M.F.T. Campus: St. Paul.

MF645 • Psychological Assessment. 3 Credits.

This course familiarizes students with the psychometric characteristics and limitations of projective techniques and standardized psychological assessment tools in the context of psychotherapy. Students learn how to administer and score various instruments, interpret assessment data, and write clinical reports that assist in diagnosis and psychotherapeutic treatment. MFT students will focus on relational instruments while MHC students will primarily work with individual assessment tools. Legal, ethical, and cultural issues will receive particular focus, as well as students’ interpretation of their own assessment profiles.
Prerequisites: MF625 or MH625, and MF646. Campus: San Diego

MF646 • Individual and Family Psychopathology. 3 Credits.

This course helps students identify individual and relational problems and gain awareness of abnormal and/or unhealthy psychological and relationship functioning. Students will learn how to think critically about the concept of mental disorder informed by the recovery model. The appropriate use of the DSM-5 and its diagnostic categories with diverse populations in various clinical settings will be stressed.
Prerequisites: MF625 or MH625, and MF635 or MH635. Campus: San Diego

MF647 • Psychopharmacology and MFT. 2 Credits.

Students gain a historical perspective of the use of medication in treating mental disorders within the context of social, cultural, gender, and religious issues. The central focus is on the major classifications of psychotropic drugs, specifying their psychiatric uses, benefits, side effects, toxicities, combinations, and biochemical actions. This course also explores how MFTs can best work with medical practitioners in providing more comprehensive client care.
Prerequisites: MF625, MF635, and MF646. Campus: San Diego

MF651 • Research Design & Evaluation in Marriage & Family Therapy. 3 Credits.

Students explore the interpretation and design of qualitative and quantitative research in family issues and in processes and outcomes of marriage and family therapy. Principles of understanding and critiquing published research are examined, with the goal of enabling students to use current literature to ground their therapeutic and pastoral responses to family concerns.
Prerequisites: MF611. Special Notes: Enrollment limited to students in M.A.M.F.T. or the Graduate Certificate. Campus: St. Paul.

MF656 • Child Abuse Assessment and Intervention. 1 Credit.

In addition to learning California laws regarding assessing and reporting child abuse, students are exposed to research, theories, and spiritual perspectives about perpetrators, victims, assessment, and interventions in child abuse cases for professional therapists and pastoral counselors. This course satisfies the California BBS requirements for instruction in child abuse prevention, assessment, and reporting.
Prerequisites: MF625 or MH625 or PC512 (not required for MAMP concentration in chaplaincy). Campus: San Diego

MF657 • Substance Abuse Assessment and Intervention. 1 Credit.

Students are exposed to research and theories of ideology, progression, assessment, and treatment of alcoholism and other chemical substance abuse and dependency. Spiritual, psychosocial, and biological perspectives are integrated. This course meets California BBS requirements for a minimum of 15 hours of specific instruction in alcholism and other chemical substance dependency.
Prerequisites: MF625. Campus: San Diego

MF658 • Domestic Violence Assessment and Intervention. 1 Credit.

The focus of this course includes California laws, research, theories, cultural, and spiritual perspectives regarding detection, assessment, and intervention in cases of spousal, partner, and same-gender abuse.
Prerequisites: MF625 or MH625. Campus: San Diego

MF665 • Families in Context: Gender, Class and Culture. 3 Credits.

This course explores differences in family structure and interaction related to race, ethnicity, culture, and socioeconomic status. The influences of gender role perceptions are also examined. Students identify challenges of providing therapy and pastoral care to families who differ from themselves in terms of gender, class, and culture.
Prerequisites: MF625. Campus: San Diego only

MF666 • Sexuality and Intimacy in Couples and Families. 1.5 Credits.

This course analyzes the dynamic processes of love, intimacy, and sexuality in couple and family relationships from spiritual and systems perspectives. Special focus is given to human sexuality, including strategies for enhancing the sexual experience as well as diagnosing and treating sexual dysfunctions within the context of marital and family therapy. This course satisfies the California BBS requirements for a minimum of 10 contact hours of coursework in human sexuality.
Prerequisites: MF625 Campus: San Diego.

MF670 • Independent Studies in Marriage and Family Studies. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor. (Permission is required.).

MF675 • Professional, Legal & Ethical Issues in Psychotherapy. 3 Credits.

This course addresses legal and ethical situations arising in the practice of marital and family therapy and examines unique challenges of maintaining appropriate boundaries within ministry settings. Issues of professional development are discussed, and students are encouraged to develop strategies for continuing professional, personal, and spiritual growth.
Prerequisites: MF625 or MH625. Campus: San Diego

MF711 • Supervised Clinical Experience I. 3 Credits.

MF711 and MF712. These two units constitute a nine month practicum including 350 hours of clinical contact and 80 hours of supervision by a licensed marriage and family therapist and/or an AA M.F.T.- approved supervisor. The practicum must conform to the guidelines of the M.F.T. program manual. A continuation fee of $375 is assessed for any semester of participation in group supervision beyond the second S.C.E. unit for M.F.T. students, or for any extension required in certificate programs.
Prerequisites: MF631 and permission of the director of the M.F.T. program. Special Notes: Audit unavailable. Campus: St. Paul.

MF712 • Supervised Clinical Experience II. 3 Credits.

MF711 and MF712. These two units constitute a nine month practicum including 350 hours of clinical contact and 80 hours of supervision by a licensed marriage and family therapist and/or an AA M.F.T.- approved supervisor. The practicum must conform to the guidelines of the M.F.T. program manual. A continuation fee of $375 is assessed for any semester of participation in group supervision beyond the second S.C.E. unit for M.F.T. students, or for any extension required in certificate programs.
Prerequisites: MF631 and permission of the director of the M.F.T. program. Special Notes: Audit unavailable. Campus: St. Paul.

MF715 • Supervised Clinical Experience I. 3 Credits.

MF715, 716, 717. These three units constitute a 12-month practicum including 500 hours of clinical contact and a minimum of 100 hours of supervision by a qualified California Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, who is an AAMFT approved supervisor and/or a CAMFT Certified Supervisor, and/or other approved supervisor. The practicum fulfills the requirements of the BBS for face-to-face experience counseling individuals, couples, families, or groups. A continuation fee of $357 is assessed for any semester of participation in group supervision beyond the third SCE unit for MFT students.
Prerequisites: MF625; passing the practicum qualifying exam, and permission of the MFT program administrator. Special Notes: Audit unavailable. Campus: San Diego

MF716 • Supervised Clinical Experience II. 3 Credits.

MF715, 716, 717. These three units constitute a 12-month practicum including 500 hours of clinical contact and a minimum of 100 hours of supervision by a qualified California Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, who is an AAMFT approved supervisor and/or a CAMFT Certified Supervisor, and/or other approved supervisor. The practicum fulfills the requirements of the BBS for face-to-face experience counseling individuals, couples, families, or groups. A continuation fee of $357 is assessed for any semester of participation in group supervision beyond the third SCE unit for MFT students.
Prerequisites: MF625; passing the practicum qualifying exam, and permission of the MFT program administrator. Special Notes: Audit unavailable. Campus: San Diego

MF717 • Supervised Clinical Experience III. 3 Credits.

MF715, 716, 717. These three units constitute a 12-month practicum including 500 hours of clinical contact and a minimum of 100 hours of supervision by a qualified California Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, who is an AAMFT approved supervisor and/or a CAMFT Certified Supervisor, and/or other approved supervisor. The practicum fulfills the requirements of the BBS for face-to-face experience counseling individuals, couples, families, or groups. A continuation fee of $357 is assessed for any semester of participation in group supervision beyond the third SCE unit for MFT students.
Prerequisites: MF625; passing the practicum qualifying exam, and permission of the MFT program administrator. Special Notes: Audit unavailable. Campus: San Diego

MF780 • Senior Integrative Seminar: Worldview, Ethics, and Practice. 3 Credits.

This seminar is designed to encourage students to integrate theoretical, theological, and clinical elements into a coherent worldview that will facilitate congruence in professional therapy and ministry practice. Attention will be given to epistemological theories in shaping integrative knowledge; the moral nature of clinical practice, research, and theory; and the value of paradigms of virtue ethics and wisdom for effective ministry to individuals and families.
Prerequisites: MF611. Special Notes: Limited to graduating seniors in the M.A.M.F.T. degree program. Audit not available. Campus: St. Paul.

MF785A • Marital and Family Therapy Senior Integrative Seminar A. 0.5 Credits.

This capstone project is designed to be concurrent with, yet separate from, students’ supervised clinical experience. Students’ theology (biblical and theological formation), spirituality (personal and spiritual formation as a therapist), and clinical theory with clinical practice (professional formation) are expressed in a culminating master's level project that integrates their academic, interpersonal, and practice experiences in the program.
Prerequisites: Admission to MFT Practicum. Campus: San Diego

MF785B • Marital and Family Therapy Senior Integrative Seminar B. 0.5 Credits.

This capstone project is designed to be concurrent with, yet separate from, students’ supervised clinical experience. Students’ theology (biblical and theological formation), spirituality (personal and spiritual formation as a therapist), and clinical theory with clinical practice (professional formation) are expressed in a culminating master's level project that integrates their academic, interpersonal, and practice experiences in the program.
Prerequisites: Admission to MFT Practicum. Campus: San Diego

MF785C • Marital and Family Therapy Senior Integrative Seminar C. 0.5 Credits.

This capstone project is designed to be concurrent with, yet separate from, students’ supervised clinical experience. Students’ theology (biblical and theological formation), spirituality (personal and spiritual formation as a therapist), and clinical theory with clinical practice (professional formation) are expressed in a culminating master's level project that integrates their academic, interpersonal, and practice experiences in the program.
Prerequisites: Admission to MFT Practicum. Campus: San Diego

MH625 • Theories of Mental Health Counseling. 3 Credits.

Students review and critique--from theological, theoretical and cultural perspectives--the major psychological theories. For each theory, students will learn the main concepts, views on human behavior, mental/emotional processes, and psychopathology. Students will be introduced to the theories’ frameworks for intervention in counseling and begin to articulate their own approach to psychotherapy. Campus: San Diego.

MH626 • Advanced Psychotherapy. 3 Credits.

Students acquire knowledge and skills of evidence-based practice, treatment planning, and integrating psychological theories and theology with empirically supported therapy intervention strategies. Emphasis is placed on providing professional recovery-oriented psychotherapy services contextualized to diverse populations, especially those struggling with chronic mental illness and/or persistent poverty.
Prerequisites: MH625 and MF646. Campus: San Diego

MH627A • Group Psychotherapy A. 1.5 Credits.

Major approaches to group therapy are presented with an emphasis on process groups and the use of experiential and didactic strategies. Patterns in group dynamics and the role and characteristics of effective leaders are explored along with practice of basic leadership and facilitation skills. Therapy groups are differentiated from self-help, 12-step, care groups, and other group experiences. The place of group therapy in pastoral care, LPCC, and MFT practice is examined.
Prerequisites: MF625 or MH625. Campus: San Diego

MH627B • Group Psychotherapy B. 1.5 Credits.

Students will learn the theoretical underpinnings and practical implications of group dynamics in work, church, and other social settings. They will practice advanced group therapy leadership and facilitation skills. Students will be exposed to designing, implementing, and evaluating therapy group programs contextualized to diverse populations and varying clinical and community settings informed by an understanding of cultural diversity and socio-economic issues.
Prerequisites: MH627A, and MF625 or MH625. Campus: San Diego

MH635 • Life Span Development and Aging. 3 Credits.

This course explores the grand theories and the more recent theories of individual development of persons over their life span. Students examine the nature-nurture debate, how heredity and socio-cultural environment interact in all domains of human development from conception through childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and late adulthood. Special focus will be given to the challenges and vulnerabilities of aging, including non-normative medical and mental health issues, long term care, caregiving, counseling, and pastoral care approaches.
Prerequisites: MH625. Campus: San Diego

MH636 • Career Development. 3 Credits.

This course introduces career development theories and service delivery models, examining educational, personal, legal, ethical, and occupational aspects of career development throughout the lifespan. Students will explore employment trends, demographics, and career satisfaction from integrated social science and theological perspectives with applications to culturally and economically diverse populations with varying resources.
Prerequisites: MH625. Campus: San Diego

MH645 • Psychobiology and Psychopharmacology. 3 Credits.

Students are introduced to the biological basis of behavior and psychopathology, and gain a historical perspective of treatment uses of medication for mental disorders within the contexts of biological, social, cultural, gender, and religious issues. Focus is on major classifications of psychotropic drugs, specifying their psychiatric uses, benefits, side effects, toxicities, combinations, and biochemical actions. Students explore how LPCCs can best work with medical and other mental health practitioners to provide a more comprehensive, coordinated, recovery oriented plan of care to clients/patients.
Prerequisites: MH625 and MF646. Campus: San Diego

MH655 • Addictions and Co-Occurring Disorders. 3 Credits.

Students are exposed to research and theories of ideology, progression, assessment, and treatment models of behavioral addictions, alcoholism, other substance abuse, dependency, and co-occurring disorders. Spiritual, psychosocial, and biological perspectives are integrated, with special emphasis on the effects of chronic poverty.
Prerequisites: MH625 and MF646. Campus: San Diego

MH656A • Crisis Intervention and Trauma Response A. 1.5 Credits.

This introductory course examines definitions, theories, legal, and ethical issues related to crisis intervention practiced in psychotherapy, chaplaincy, and church-based systems. Brief assessments and intervention in crisis events such as domestic violence, child abuse, suicide, substance abuse, and elder and dependent abuse will be discussed. Normal transitional and non-normative crises such as loss, grief, illness, accident, and death will be examined. Students will explore the biopsychosocial and theological frameworks for crisis intervention and develop an integrative synthesis for ministry and self care.
Prerequisites: MH625 or MF625 or PC512. Campus: San Diego

MH656B • Crisis Intervention and Trauma Response B. 1.5 Credits.

Students will survey Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) protocols for response to psychological trauma associated with natural and human-caused disasters. Neuroscience research will inform the assessments and interventions related to mental health disorders such as ASD, PTSD, and TBI. Strategies to lessen the negative impact of crises on the family system, prevention of post-trauma syndromes for primary and secondary trauma victims, compassion fatigue, burnout, and self-care strategies will be explored. Government and faith-based resources and referrals are identified.
Prerequisites: MH625 or MF625 or PC512, and MH656A for MHC students. Campus: San Diego

MH665 • Multicultural Counseling. 3 Credits.

This course examines the influence of culture, worldview, ethnicity, identity, gender, gender-orientation, religion, and socioeconomic status on an individual’s development, behavior, responses to stress, and social relations. Students are encouraged to explore the effects of their own culture, as well as their sensitivity to diversity and professional cultural competence, while identifying challenges to counseling individuals who differ from themselves. Counseling strategies, techniques, and mental health service delivery to individuals and groups struggling with persistent poverty will receive special focus.
Prerequisites: MH625. Campus: San Diego

MH667 • Human Sexuality and Intimacy. 1 Credit.

The biopsychosocial and spiritual bases of human sexuality are explored within the contexts of human development, cultural, gender, gender identity, and religious diversity. The interrelationships of sex, sexuality, love, and intimacy are discussed. Special focus is given to therapeutic strategies for enhancing the sexual experience as well as diagnosing and treating sexual dysfunctions. This course satisfies the California BBS requirements of coursework in human sexuality.
Prerequisites: MH625. Campus: San Diego

MH715 • Mental Health Counseling Practicum I. 3 Credits.

These two courses (MH715 and MH716) constitute a nine-month practicum including 350 hours of clinical contact and a minimum of 70 hours of supervision by an approved California licensed LPCC, psychologist, LMFT, LCSW or board certified psychiatrist supervisor. The practicum fulfills the requirements of the BBS for face-to-face experience counseling individuals, families, or groups. A continuation fee of $357 is assessed for any semester of participation in group supervision beyond the second S.C.E. unit for MHC students.
Prerequisites: Approved self-assessment, passing the Practicum Qualifying Exam, and permission of the MHC program director. Special Notes: Audit unavailable. Campus: San Diego

MH716 • Mental Health Counseling Practicum II. 3 Credits.

These two courses (MH715 and MH716) constitute a nine-month practicum including 350 hours of clinical contact and a minimum of 70 hours of supervision by an approved California licensed LPCC, psychologist, LMFT, LCSW, or board certified psychiatrist supervisor. The practicum fulfills the requirements of the BBS for face-to-face experience counseling individuals, families, or groups. A continuation fee of $357 is assessed for any semester of participation in group supervision beyond the second S.C.E. unit for MHC students.
Prerequisites: Approved self-assessment, passing the Practicum Qualifying Exam, and permission of the MHC program director. Special Notes: Audit unavailable. Campus: San Diego

MH785A • Mental Health Counseling Senior Integrative Seminar A. 0.5 Credits.

These two seminar courses (MH785A and MH785B) are designed to be taken concurrent with, yet separate from, students’ practicum experience. The seminar supports students writing a master’s level capstone project consisting of their theology (biblical and theological formation), spirituality (personal and spiritual formation as a therapist), clinical theory, and clinical practice (professional formation). This MHC Senior Integrative Project integrates students’ academic, interpersonal, and practice experiences in the program.
Prerequisites: Admission to MHC Practicum. Campus: San Diego

MH785B • Mental Health Counseling Senior Integrative Seminar B. 0.5 Credits.

These two seminar courses (MH785A and MH785B) are designed to be taken concurrent with, yet separate from, students’ practicum experience. The seminar supports students writing a master’s level capstone project consisting of their theology (biblical and theological formation), spirituality (personal and spiritual formation as a therapist), clinical theory, and clinical practice (professional formation). This MHC Senior Integrative Project integrates students’ academic, interpersonal, and practice experiences in the program.
Prerequisites: Admission to MHC Practicum. Campus: San Diego

ML505 • Holistic Discipliship. 3 Credits.

An investigation into the ways that our spirituality is tied to our emotional, physical, intellectual, and relational health. This class is designed to encourage each student to develop an integrated and holistic understanding of spirituality with special emphasis on what it means to love God with your heart, soul, strength, and mind and to love your neighbor as yourself.

ML506 • Discipleship in Community. 1.5 Credits.

This course introduces the biblical and theological foundations underlying approaches to discipleship within a congregational context. The role of Christian community for personal spiritual growth, Christian education, and congregational health is studied. Methods and ministry approaches for accomplishing discipleship in community, for various contexts and in different age groups, will be anlayzed and discussed.

ML507 • Missional Outreach and Evangelism. 1.5 Credits.

This course introduces the biblical-theological foundations for evangelism. Various approaches to reaching those outside the Christian faith are studied. Students will begin formulating a working theology to inform their practice. The role of Christian community in holistic missional outreach is considered. Best practices for outreach (including personal evangelism, attractional approaches, and continuing discipleship) are analyzed.

ML517DE • Christian Social Ethics for the Workplace. 3 Credits.

A study of the ethical dimensions of Christian theology for leadership and workplace contexts. The class begins with an overview and analysis of ethical theory, terminology, approaches, and biblical bases, and then brings this ethical reflection into conversation with leadership theory and an emerging theology of faith, work, and economics. Application of ethical theory will focus on leadership and workplace issues facing Christian leaders today.
Campus: St. Paul Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS517DE.

ML523 • Introduction to Transformational Leadership: Theory and Practice in Global Perspective. 3 Credits.

Various leadership theories are explored. A model of transformational leadership theory is presented, with application made to the learner's personal context as well as a diverse range of global contexts. Biblical and "secular" approaches to leadership practice are compared and contrasted and applied to the student's ministry context.

ML526 • Leading Congregational Worship. 1.5 Credits.

This course introduces the biblical-theological foundations of Christian worship expressed in diverse public assemblies of the Church. Students will explore their own identity as worshipers of God. The student should come to understand the essence of Christian worship, considering cultural and generational contexts, and grow in one's ability to plan and lead a congregation in worship as the Church develops in the 21st Century.

ML527 • Leading Celebrations in the Christian Life Cycle. 1.5 Credits.

This course offers biblical-theological foundations and practical skills, for marking special celebration/worship moments in Christian life and community. Ceremonies such as dedication, baptism, communion, weddings, memorials/funerals, and holy days will be explored. Students will be equipped to plan and lead in Spirit-led and resourceful ways, connecting and integrating theolgoical insight with pastoral practice.

ML531 • Church Planting Vision and Preparation. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the goals and purposes of church planting as well as to the foundational activities that build groups of volunteers and supporters into healthy and effective teams so that a church can be planted. These activities include identifying and analyzing a target culture, finding partners and resources, recruiting volunteers, building teams, developing a healthy culture, and motivating others.

ML531DI • Church Planting Vision and Preparation. 3 Credits.

Introduction to the goals and purposes of church planting as well as to the foundational activities that build groups of volunteers and supporters into healthy and effective teams so that a church can be planted. These activities include identifying and analyzing a target culture, finding partners and resources, recruiting volunteers, building teams, developing a healthy culture, and motivating others.

ML532DI • Creating Sustainable Church Plants. 3 Credits.

A survey of the processes that allow a church plant to flourish over time. This course begins by covering the outreach function of a church, including strategies for connecting with a local community, successfully communicating with the target culture, accomplishing outreach and evangelism, and executing special events. The course continues by covering in-reach activities, including business processes (e.g., financial and legal systems), people processes (e.g., staff and volunteers), and spiritual processes (e.g., making disciples and growing leaders).

ML533 • Critical Worship Service Elements for Church Plants. 1.5 Credits.

A summary of approaches to planning and leading public worship experiences in the context of a church plant. This includes study of how to analyze the culture within which a church is planted, review of possible worship styles and formats, perspectives on the unique communication opportunities and challenges of a church plant, and strategies for welcoming guests of all ages and for integrating them into the church.

ML533DI • Critical Worship Service Elements for Church Plants. 1.5 Credits.

A summary of approaches to planning and leading public worship experiences in the context of a church plant. This includes study of how to analyze the culture within which a church is planted, review of possible worship styles and formats, perspectives on the unique communication opportunities and challenges of a church plant, and strategies for welcoming guests of all ages and for integrating them into the church.

ML535DI • Creating Sustainable Church Plants. 3 Credits.

A survey of the processes that allow a church plant to flourish over time. This course begins by covering the outreach function of a church, including strategies for connecting with a local community, successfully communicating with the target culture, accomplishing outreach and evangelism, and executing special events. The course continues by covering in-reach activities, including business processes (e.g., financial and legal systems), people processes (e.g., staff and volunteers), and spiritual processes (e.g., making disciples and growing leaders).

ML551DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MATL) I A. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: SP001.

ML552DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MATL) I B. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: SP001.

ML561DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MATL) II A. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML562DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MATL) II B. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML565DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MAMP) I A. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML566DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MAMP) I B. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML571DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MATL) III A. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML572DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MATL) III B. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML575DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MAMP) II A. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML576DE • Mentored Leadership Development MAMP 2B. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML581DE • Mentored Leadership Development (CFM) A. 1.5 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML582DE • Mentored Leadership Development (CFM) B. 1.5 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML591DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MDiv) I A. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML592DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MDiv) I B. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML593DE • Mentored Leadership Development MDiv II C. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML594DE • Mentored Leader Devlp MD ID. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML595DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MDiv) II A. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML596DE • Mentored Leadership Development (MDiv) II B. 0.75 Credits.

The Mentored Leadership Development (MLD) courses are uniquely designed experiences. Each MLD course and sequence of courses is tailored to a particular degree program. The focus of MLD coursework is on facilitating students as they integrate the seminary learning experience into their ministry contexts and walk through specific developmental goals. Through a process of self-examination, developmental assessments, facilitated mentoring, group supervision, and reflection, students demonstrate the capacity for practical application of learning outcomes from the Three Centers learning philosophy.
Prerequisites: St. Paul programs: SP001, SP510 with exception of M.A.T.L.

ML603 • Missional Leadership Development. 3 Credits.

This course introduces biblical foundations and strategies to develop leaders in rising generations. It discusses the biblbical purposes of Christian leadership and the church; examines the cultural and generational characteristics of rising leaders; surveys leadership development models used in ministry; and studies practical, multiplicative strategies that would develop rising leaders within an organization. The final project offers students the opportunity to create a simple, yet comprehensive, plan to develop leaders and foster a leadership development culture.

ML606 • Missional Spirituality. 1.5,3 Credits.

A study of how to embody the love for God and neighbor from the inside out, the theological foundations and spiritual practices centered in the Great Commandment and what it means to live as incarnational missionaries who love the Lord with all our heart, mind, and strength. Campus: San Diego.

ML609DI • Dynamics of Christian Worship. 3 Credits.

A study of the biblical and theological foundations of worship, the nature and meaning of worship, and the many aspects involved in the practice of worship. Consideration is given to worship patterns, structures, forms, rituals, standards, and the planning and leadership of worship. At Bethel Seminary of the East, this course includes a Guided Learning Experience. Crosslisted with SP609DI.

ML610 • Communication and Organizational Leadership. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to address the essential elements of leadership communication. A model for leadership communication is presented, and students are challenged to process a wide range of material related to the foundations of leadership communication, organizational culture, organizational conflict, and organizational change.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with CP610.

ML612YL • Leadership I (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

This course is designed to equip individuals to lead an effective incarnational ministry with young people. Trainers in the field lead students through a curriculum in which action and reflection are emphasized. This course equips people specifically in the areas of spiritual formation, direct ministry with young people, leadership development of volunteers, fundraising, and administration. Emphasis is placed on incarnationally expressing the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the world of adolescents.

ML613YL • Leadership II (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

This course is designed to equip individual to lead an incarnational youth ministry with effective discipleship of young people. Building volunteer teams for ministry is also an important element of the course. Focus is given to spiritual development of the student, the ministry of discipleship, development of volunteer teams for ministry, fundraising and administration. The role of camping ministry and its implications for discipleship is also emphasized.

ML615 • Organizational Leadership and Church Governance. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to address the role of organizational leaders in congregational and ministry settings. Attention is given to both the pastoral and governance dimensions of leadership, with special focus on relevant strategies and approaches for guiding congregations and ministry communities. This course will focus on the leader's role in working with church staff and board, understanding diverse congregational polities, communicating effectively as a leader, fostering a healthy organizational culture, and navigating conflict and change that may arise in these churches and ministry organizations.

ML620YL • Equipping Leaders Who Volunteer (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

This course will provide students with a biblical/theological and theoretical foundation and the practical experience in equipping leaders who volunteer. The course will focus on recruiting, training, and retaining volunteers within the ministry context of several organizations. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the contextual impact of “age and stage.”.

ML621YL • The Kingdom of God and Cultural Intelligence (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

This course addresses cultural self-awareness and cross-cultural competence for building healthy relationships within diverse communities. Drawing upon biblical, anthropological, sociological and cross-cultural communication theories, students gain basic tools for researching and interacting among a variety of cultural, ethnic, and religious groups.

ML623 • Researching Context of Ministry. 1.5 Credits.

Research strategies for developing urban ministry - includes Spradley's Ethnographic Interview, Eichler's Consensus Organizing, Bakke's survey of a community - with the purpose of understanding one's context for the strategic shaping of ministry.
Special Notes: San Diego only.

ML623DE • Researching Context of Ministry. 1.5 Credits.

Research strategies for developing urban ministry - including Spradley's Ethnographic Interview, Eichler's Consensus Organizing, Bakke's survey of a community - with the purpose of understanding one's context for the strategic shaping of ministry.

ML624 • Multi-Cultural Partnerships. 1.5 Credits.

For ministry partners working in a cross-cultural environment, a study of the value data of climate and culture as applied to decision-making; how to identify dysfunctional partnerships and create healthy partnerships based on equity in the relationship; case studies from various cultures.
Special Notes: San Diego.

ML625 • Storytelling and Scripture Development. 1.5 Credits.

The principles and practices of oral Scripture development in the contexts where orality is the preferred vehicle of biblical knowledge - comparing biblical worldview with the belief systems of Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, Animist, and Traditional Ancestral as each hear biblical truth.

ML627YL • Supervision and Organizational Leadership (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

This course focuses on the theory, reflection, and practice of effective supervision in ministry. Students will explore the philosophical foundations for effective organizational leadership as well as practical guidance on such issues as personal leadership style, the emotional intelligence of the leader, team building, conflict resolution, interviewing, placement, delegation, supervision, and evaluation.

ML630 • Team Leadership in Global Perspective. 3 Credits.

This course examines the biblical purposes and function of leadership through a cross-cultural (or global) understanding of how to first serve and then to lead. Aspects of vision casting, influencing change, and becoming missional leaders who foster the development of effective team ministries will be discussed. Principles and practices required for developing and maintaining high performance, sustainable ministry teams are examined. Special emphasis is given to identifying and discussing the critical knowledge, skills, and abilities required for sustained leadership success in a team-based, entrepreneurial organizational setting. Cases are presented from a wide range of global contexts. The application of intercultural competence is explored.

ML630DE • Team Leadership in Global Perspective. 3 Credits.

This course examines the biblical purposes and function of leadership through a cross-cultural (or global) understanding of how to first serve and then to lead. Aspects of vision casting, influencing change, and becoming missional leaders who foster the development of effective team ministries will be discussed. Principles and practices required for developing and maintaining high performance, sustainable ministry teams are examined. Special emphasis is given to identifying and discussing the critical knowledge, skills, and abiliites required for sustained leadership success in a team-based, entrepreneurial organizational setting. Cases are presented from a wide range of global contexts. The application of intercultural competence is explored.

ML631DE • Leadership Communication in Global Perspective. 3 Credits.

This course addresses the essential elements of effective leadership communication in a cross-cultural or global context with attention to understanding cultural contexts and barriers to effective Christian witness. The course will examine the dynamics of the communication process and the ways in which various cultures, audience segments, or value orientations condition the interpretation and communication of the Bible and other messages. A model for leadership communication is presented, and students will be challenged to process a wide range of material related to the foundations of leadership communication, organizational culture, organization conflict, and organizational change. Cases are presented from a wide range of global contexts.

ML632DE • The Global Mission of the Church. 3 Credits.

This course includes a biblical and historical overview of the key leadership principles and practices involved in the global diffusion of Christianity. The course draws on insights from a variety of disciplines including the Bible and biblical theology for evangelism, leadership studies, the history of Christian missions, and the social sciences--particularly cultural anthropology. Learners are provided opportunity to develop an intercultural competence, to develop a personal philosophy and the theology of missions and evangelism, and to formulate a missional approach to ministry appropriate to their particular cultural and situational context.

ML633 • Stewardship, Change and the Missional Community. 3 Credits.

This is a course in applied anthropology and cultural and leadership dynamics with special attention given to how culture change occurs, the dynamics and variables that effect change, and appropriate strategies for the effective change agent, whether an individual or an organization. A biblical theology of stewardship is explored and application made to the work of securing the welfare and progress of a missional community, with an emphasis on dealing with change. A process for gaining feedback on personal leadership performance as well as the collective performance of the community is presented and applied to the learner's context. The course focuses on contemporary areas of social responsibility for Christian advocates and agents of change. Cases are presented from a wide range of global contexts.

ML634 • Leading and Theologizing in Global Perspective. 3 Credits.

This course considers the rationale and models for doing contextual theology (contextual theologizing), and how this impacts and intersects with leadership studies in relation to the development and implementation of contextual models for ministry. The course provides a survey of the leadership models and theological methods and criteria these employ. Selected cases emphasizing the role leaders play in this process are examined.

ML634DE • Leading and Theologizing in Global Perspective. 1.5 Credits.

This course considers the rationale and models for doing contextual theology (contextual theologizing), and how this impacts and intersects with leadership studies in relation to the development and implementation of contextual models for ministry. The course provides a survey of the leadership models and theological methods and criteria they employ. Selected cases emphasizing the role leaders play in this process are examined.

ML634DI • Leading and Theologizing in Global Perspective. 1.5 Credits.

This course considers the rationale and models for doing contextual theology (contextual theologizing), and how this impacts and intersects with leadership studies in relation to the development and implementation of contextual models for ministry. The course provides a survey of the leadership models and theological methods and criteria they employ. Selected cases emphasizing the role leaders play in this process are examined.

ML670 • Independent Study in Ministry Leadership. 0.5-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

ML674 • Ministry with the Sacraments. 3 Credits.

This course is an in-depth look at the what, why, and how of sacramental ministry in the church, especially as practiced in the Anglican tradition. We begin with a sacramental worldview and theology, move to the dominical sacraments of Baptism and Holy Eucharist, and conclude with the rites of Confirmation, Matrimony, Reconciliation, Unction, and Ordination.
Prerequisites: TS512 (St Paul programs).

ML675 • Presbyterian Polity. 3 Credits.

Designed to give students a theological, historical, practical, and pragmatic understanding of how things happen within the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). It also is designed to prepare students to pass the Polity Section that is part of the ordination examination for the ministry of Word and Sacrament.

ML676 • Reformed Worship and Sacraments. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the history, tradition, and structure of Reformed worship. The course answers questions, give practical applications, and considers the meaning and observance of the sacraments.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS676 and TS676.

ML679 • Worship in the Prayer Book Tradition. 3 Credits.

This course is an overview of the theological principals, historical developments, and practical considerations that have shaped Christian worship throughout the ages, with special attention paid to the development and use of the Book of Common Prayer in England and throughout the Anglican Communion. In addition to studying the shape of worship, we will also look at the use of time, space, music, and art in historical and contemporary worship.

ML682 • Missional Innovation (Gateway Church). 3 Credits.

For transfer only from Gateway Church. God's heart for every nation, people group, and tribe means His message of faith, love, and hope should be communicated in light of the context. The Apostle Paul seemed to use different methods in the different places he would travel even as his message remained the same. Whether he was in Athens, Berea, Thessalonika, or any other location, Paul strategically communicated the message of Jesus in way that was contextually appropriate. In fact, Paul wrote in 1 Corinthians 9:20-22 the following: "To the Jews I became like a Jew, to win the Jews. To those under the law I became like one under the law (though I myself am not under the law), so as to win those under the law. To those not having the law I became like one not having the law (though I am not free from God’s law but am under Christ’s law), so as to win those not having the law. To the weak I became weak, to win the weak. I have become all things to all people so that by all possible means I might save some.” If we are rejected, we want to be rejected because of the message rather than because of our methods or cultural insensitivity. We all know people who were “persecuted” because of their obvious lack of relational intelligence (and sometimes we have fallen into that trap), but we want to make sure we don’t create any barriers between us and the message of God.

ML683 • Leading Missional Organizations. 3 Credits.

For transfer only from Gateway Church. Ministry remains a marathon rather than a sprint. This course will help you build the character and the foundation necessary to experience long-lasting personal transformation and create a plan for transforming others. Jesus gave us a great example of how to do this. Knowing who He was, where He came from, and where He was going, Jesus chose to serve by washing the disciples feet (John 13:3-4). Along the same lines, you will discover your uniqueness and your calling in order to learn how to serve with character, lead with effectiveness, and walk “in step with the Spirit.”.

ML685 • Gateway Cultivate Experience (Gateway Church). 9 Credits.

For transfer only from Gateway Church. "Cultivate" is a proprietary process, built on software designed for individualized instruction in entrepreneurial contexts, and delivered by Gateway Leaders. It is framed as 60 sequenced learning experiences, which lead students through a learning/application/reflection process integrating 12 key themes. These experiences contribute toward the goal of building successful church plants. It is intended only for the Gateway Leaders Church Planting concentration in the MAMP and MDiv programs.

ML707 • Change Strategies and Conflict Resolution. 1.5,3 Credits.

Effective leaders must be prepared to take their ministries through seasons of change, as well as to manage the conflict that inevitably results. Without change, a ministry will become ineffective and irrelevant and will eventually die. If conflict is not resolved, a ministry may leave a trail of wounded people in its wake, or even self-destruct. This course teaches two of the skills most essential for 21st-century ministry leadership. Students learn strategies for bringing about transformational change in their ministry. They also learn how to lead people to greater wholeness and maturity in Christ through a biblical process of conflict resolution.

ML726 • History and Theology of Ministry. 3 Credits.

This course invites the student to a survey of important theological expressions and models in the history of Christian ministries from the first century through the present day. We consider selected themes (WISHMAP), illustrated by classic and contemporary sources, within a chronological framework. The goal is for these “voices” to enlighten and inspire our lives in faithful, fruitful service for Jesus Christ and the kingdom.

ML730 • Planting Missional Churches. 1.5 Credits.

The study of how to plant and grow missional churches, what it means for a church to have a missional vision, how to determine methodologies appropriate for the context, and case studies of churches that are effective models of missional strategies. Campus: San Diego.

ML774 • Theology of Leadership and Vocation. 3 Credits.

This course will enable students to articulate a theology of leadership in an increasingly post-Christendom context and will also explore the nature of vocation as understood historically and in the present. The course explores the theological nature and biblical rationale for effective leadership and also explores, more broadly, vocation as a gift and responsibility. It does so in the context of reflection on the nature of the kingdom of God. The course culminates in in-depth communal and personal reflection on the question of vocation.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS774.

ML780 • Senior Integrative Seminar: Global Leadership in the 21st-Century. 1.5 Credits.

A summative and integrative reflection on the MATL program is offered. Integrative cases featuring content from each of the Three Centers are used to prompt a collaborative discussion around leadership issues learners are likely to encounter in their immediate context, as well as a wide range of global contexts.

ML791 • Case Studies in Transformational Leadership. 3 Credits.

This course provides students the opportunity for integrative reflection on the biblical foundations, contemporary research, and historical and contemporary practice of transformational, serving leadership. The course focuses on biblical, historical, and contemporary case studies of transformational leadership as it is expressed in a variety of cultural and community contexts.

ML810 • Personal Well-Being and Ministry Effectiveness. 3 Credits.

ML810P • Personal Well-Being and Ministry Effectiveness: Project. 3 Credits.

ML821 • Servant Leadership: An Intro to the Theory and Practice of Transformational Servant Leadership. 3 Credits.

Focused on providing an introduction to the theory and practice of transformational servant leadership, this course will expose students to foundational leadership and organizational theories, encourage thoughtful reflection on the nature of studying leadership from a Christian perspective, introduce students to the priorities and expectations of doctoral studies, and challenge students to implement servant leadership models in their own unique leadership situations.

ML821P • Servant Leadership: Project. 3 Credits.

ML822A • The Servant Leader and Followers A. 1 Credit.

At its core, leadership is essentially a relational practice. A leader’s capacity to effectively develop and authentically relate with those they lead is foundational to any organization formed around a model of servant leadership. This course is designed to facilitate advanced reflection on the unique relationship between leaders and followers. Leadership theories and research focused on this dyadic relationship will be explored with special attention given to leadership emergence theory along with the art and practice of leadership development. ML822A is the first of three parts to this course.

ML822B • The Servant Leader and Followers B. 1 Credit.

At its core, leadership is essentially a relational practice. A leader’s capacity to effectively develop and authentically relate with those they lead is foundational to any organization formed around a model of servant leadership. This course is designed to facilitate advanced reflection on the unique relationship between leaders and followers. Leadership theories and research focused on this dyadic relationship will be explored with special attention given to leadership emergence theory along with the art and practice of leadership development. ML822B is the second of three parts to this course.

ML822C • The Servant Leader and Followers C. 1 Credit.

At its core, leadership is essentially a relational practice. A leader’s capacity to effectively develop and authentically relate with those they lead is foundational to any organization formed around a model of servant leadership. This course is designed to facilitate advanced reflection on the unique relationship between leaders and followers. Leadership theories and research focused on this dyadic relationship will be explored with special attention given to leadership emergence theory along with the art and practice of leadership development. ML822C is the third of three parts to this course.

ML822P • The Servant Leader and Their Followers: Project. 3 Credits.

ML823 • The Servant Leader and the Inner Life. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to facilitate thoughtful and personal reflection on the art and practice of self-leadership. While specific theories associated with self-leadership will be explored in light of servant leadership models, the emphasis of this course will be on the individual student’s reflective journey throughout the course. Because, for better or worse, leaders cast their shadow on many people inside and outside of their organizations, a commitment to personal and spiritual transformation will be a high priority for students in this Doctor of Ministry program and course.

ML823P • The Servant Leader and the Inner Life: Project. 3 Credits.

ML841 • Introduction to Missional Ministry. 3 Credits.

Discover the missional story shared throughout the Scriptures. When the love and mission of God becomes the lens through which we read and apply the Bible to our lives and our ministries, we become more effective in engaging the world. Examples of inclusive communities can be found throughout the Scriptures. Ideas such as "Come as you are, but don't stay that way," "creating the church out of the culture," and "belonging before believing" are not new but God's original intention for the Church.

ML841P • Introduction to Missional Ministry: Project. 3 Credits.

ML842 • Missional Contextualization. 3 Credits.

God's heart for every nation, people group, and tribe means His message of faith, love, and hope should be communicated in light of the context. The Apostle Paul seemed to use different methods in the different places he would travel even as his message remained the same. Whether he was in Athens, Berea, Thessalonika, or any other location, Paul strategically communicated the message of Jesus in way that was contextually appropriate. In fact, Paul wrote in 1 Corinthians 9:20-22 the following: To the Jews I became like a Jew, to win the Jews. To those under the law I became like one under the law (though I myself am not under the law), so as to win those under the law. 21 To those not having the law I became like one not having the law (though I am not free from God’s law but am under Christ’s law),so as to win those not having the law. 22 To the weak I became weak, to win the weak. I have become all things to all people so that by all possible means I might save some.” If we are rejected, we want to be rejected because of the message rather than because of our methods or cultural insensitivity. We all know people who were “persecuted” because of their obvious lack of relational intelligence (and sometimes we have fallen into that trap), but we want to make sure we don’t create any barriers between us and the message of God.

ML842P • Missional Contextualization: Project. 3 Credits.

ML870 • Independent Study in Ministry Leadership. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

ML870P • Independent Study in Ministry Leadership, Project. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

ML887 • Ministry Models for Sustainable Community Transformation. 3 Credits.

ML887P • Ministry Models for Sustainable Community Transformation Project. 3 Credits.

ML921 • The Servant Leader and Team Effectiveness. 3 Credits.

Focused on providing an introduction to the theory and practice of transformational servant leadership, this course will expose students to foundational leadership and organizational theories, encourage thoughtful reflection on the nature of studying leadership from a Christian perspective, introduce students to the priorities and expectations of doctoral studies, and challenge students to implement servant leadership models in their own unique leadership situations.

ML921P • The Servant Leader and Team Effectiveness Project. 3 Credits.

ML922 • The Servant Leader and Organizational Effectiveness. 3 Credits.

Built on the self, dyadic, and team-oriented leadership theories, this course focuses on the application and impact of servant leadership theory at an organizational level. Engaging important elements of systems theory, special attention will be given to the executive leader’s role as cultural architect. In addition to examining the executive leader’s role in facilitating organizational change and effective conflict management, essential skills related to leadership communication within the organizational context will be explored.

ML922P • The Servant Leader and Organizational Effectiveness: Project. 3 Credits.

ML941 • Missional Innovation. 3 Credits.

God, the Creator of the Universe, is an innovative God. Throughout the Scriptures we see the Lord guiding people into new ways of serving Him and serving others. Innovating has been a common practice for God. In Isaiah 43:18-19, the Lord says, “Forget the former things; do not dwell on the past. See, I am doing a new thing! Now it springs up; do you not perceive it? I am making a way in the desert and streams in the wasteland.” In this way, the Lord has organized and sustained a culture of innovation. However, even at the time of Creation, God brought order in the midst of the chaos that The God of the Universe has continued to interact with His creation in His active pursuit of humanity. Motivated by His love, God continues to reach out in innovative ways. Created in His image and called to join Him on His mission of redeeming mankind, followers of Jesus need to follow God’s lead. Throughout history, God has called men and women to follow His example to become creative, fruitful, or innovative in order to bring hope to the hopeless. At the same time, particular leaders were called by God to organize and sustain the innovation of others. In a world in which the church seems to be losing her influence and pastors struggle to make a difference among the unchurched, the de-churched, and those who are anti-church, pastoral leaders need to adapt a more innovative approach toward ministry. The younger generations will continue to fall away and eventually forget the faith of their parents and grandparents unless men and women of faith choose to become leaders who develop and demonstrate the internal, relational, and future-oriented skills required for creating and sustaining a culture of innovation.

ML941P • Missionnal Innovation: Project. 3 Credits.

ML942 • Leading Missional Organizations. 3 Credits.

ML942P • Leading Missional Organizations Project. 3 Credits.

NT514 • The New Testament and the Interpreter. 3 Credits.

An examination of the books of the New Testament, focusing on themes, theology, and interpretive methodologies coupled with consideration of the person of the interpreter: who they are, what they bring to the text, and who they are becoming as a result of encountering God through the New Testament.
Prerequisites: BT514. Special Notes: Enrollment is limited to M.A.M.F.T. students. Campus: St Paul.

NT516 • New Testament Survey: Narratives, Letters, and Revelation. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the New Testament, focused on the genre of NT books, their first century historical and literary contexts, and their theological purposes, with the goal of recontextualizing their messages in minstry contexts today.
Prerequisites: BT510/BI510 (may be concurrent).

NT516YL • Gospels and Acts (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

An introduction and survey of the New Testament Gospels and Acts. The course will examine methodologies for the study of the Gospels (historical-critical and literary approaches), historical and cultural setting, the unique portrait of Jesus and narrative theology of the Gospels and Acts, and an introduction to the study of the historical Jesus.

NT518 • New Testament: Exegetical Explorations. 3 Credits.

A focused study of selected NT writings to develop further the exegetical skills of genre analysis, contextual study, and theological reflection and engagement.
Prerequisites: BT510/BI510 and NT516.

NT518DE • New Testament: Exegetical Explorations. 3 Credits.

A focused study of selected NT writings to develop further the exegetical skills of genre analysis, contextual study, and theological reflection and engagement.
Prerequisites: BT510/BI510 and NT516.

NT541 • Greek I: Beginning Greek. 3 Credits.

A study of the fundamentals of New Testament Greek with respect to forms (morphology) and simple relationships (syntax). Special emphasis will be placed on preparing the student for the subsequent exegesis of the New Testament.

NT541DE • Greek I: Beginning Greek. 3 Credits.

A study of the fundamentals of New Testament Greek with respect to forms (morphology) and simple relationships (syntax). Special emphasis will be placed on preparing the student for the subsequent exegesis of the New Testament.

NT542 • Greek II: Intermediate Greek. 3 Credits.

A review and expansion of morphology, a survey of syntax, vocabulary building, and translation with a goal toward developing an exegetical methodology. The course will also include an introduction to textual criticism.
Prerequisites: NT541 or passing of Greek Qualifying Exam.

NT601 • Matthew. 3 Credits.

A concentrated study in the interpretation of the book of Matthew. The meaning of the author will be examined, as well as various critical questions relating to the study of the Gospels.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510

NT602 • Mark. 3 Credits.

A concentrated study in the interpretation of the book of Mark. The meaning of the author will be examined, as well as various critical questions relating to the study of the Gospels.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510

NT603 • Luke. 3 Credits.

A concentrated study in the interpretation of the book of Luke. The meaning of the author will be examined, as well as various critical questions relating to the study of the Gospels.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510

NT604 • John. 3 Credits.

A concentrated study in the interpretation of the book of John. The meaning of the author will be examined, as well as various critical questions relating to the study of the Gospels.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510

NT605 • Acts. 3 Credits.

Consideration will be given to the book's relationship to third Gospel, authorship, date, place of writing, destination, speeches, original text, purposes, structure, and an exegesis of an English version.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510

NT606 • Romans. 1.5,3 Credits.

An in-depth analysis of the book of Romans. The central theological themes of the letter will be explored, and there will also be an examination of introductory questions and the relevance of the letter for today's world.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT607 • 1 Corinthians. 3 Credits.

An in-depth analysis of 1 Corinthians. The central theological themes of the letter will be explored, and there will also be an examination of introductory questions and the relevance of the letter for today's world.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT607DI • 1 Corinthians. 1.5,3 Credits.

A concentrated study in the interpretation of one of the Gospels. The meaning of the author will be examined, as well as various critical questions relating to the study of the Gospels.

NT608 • 2 Corinthians. 3 Credits.

An in-depth analysis of 2 Corinthians. The central theological themes of the letter will be explored, and there will also be an examination of introductory questions and the relevance of the letter for today's world.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT609 • Galatians. 3 Credits.

An in-depth analysis of the book of Galatians. The central theological themes of the letter will be explored, and there will also be an examination of introductory questions and the relevance of the letter for today's world.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT610 • Ephesians. 3 Credits.

An in-depth analysis of the book of Ephesians. The central theological themes of the letter will be explored, and there will also be an examination of introductory questions and the relevance of the letter for today's world.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT611 • Philippians. 1.5,3 Credits.

An in-depth analysis of the book of Philippians. The central theological themes of the letter will be explored, and there will also be an examination of introductory questions and the relevance of the letter for today's world.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT612 • Colossians. 3 Credits.

An in-depth analysis of the book of Colossians. The central theological themes of the letter will be explored, and there will also be an examination of introductory questions and the relevance of the letter for today's world.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT613 • 1 and 2 Thessalonians. 3 Credits.

An in-depth analysis of 1 and 2 Thessalonians. The central theological themes of the letter will be explored, and there will also be an examination of introductory questions and the relevance of the letter for today's world.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT614 • The Pastoral Letters. 3 Credits.

An in-depth analysis of one or more of the Pauline letters. The central theological themes of the letter will be explored, and there will also be an examination of introductory questions and the relevance of the letter for today's world.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT615 • Hebrews. 3 Credits.

An exegetical study of the book of Hebrews. Attention is devoted to introductory issues, the meaning of the book, its theological contribution, and the message for the contemporary church.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT616 • James and Petrine Letters. 3 Credits.

An exegetical study of the book of James and Petrine Letters. Attention is devoted to introductory issues, the meaning of the book, its theological contribution, and the message for the contemporary church.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT617 • 1 and 2 Peter. 3 Credits.

An exegetical study of 1 and 2 Peter. Attention is devoted to introductory issues, the meaning of the books, their theological contributions, and the message for the contemporary church.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT618 • The Johannine Letters. 3 Credits.

An exegetical study of The Johannine Letters. Attention is devoted to introductory issues, the meaning of the books, their theological contribution, and the message for the contemporary church.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT619 • Revelation. 3 Credits.

An exegetical study of the book of Revelation. Attention is devoted to introductory issues, the meaning of the book, its theological contribution, and the message for the contemporary church.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT640 • Greek Bible Readings. 3 Credits.

Involves translating various selections from the Septuagint, New Testament, and early Christian literature.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT652 • Greek Exegesis. 1.5 Credits.

Exegesis of select texts from the Greek New Testament. Translation and syntactical work will be the backbone of the course, with a goal toward the preparation to teach or preach the text. Attention will also be provided to text-critical, lexical and grammatical issues.
Prerequisites: NT542.

NT652DI • Greek III: Greek Exegesis. 1.5 Credits.

Exegesis of select texts from the Greek New Testament. Translation and syntactical work will be the backbone of the course, with a goal toward the preparation to teach or preach the text. Attention will also be provided to text-critical, lexical and grammatical issues. Prerequisite: NT542.

NT662 • Advanced Greek Grammar. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the science of linguistics; a study of clauses and other large elements in the sentence; a survey of grammatical terms; the use of grammars, lexicons, concordances, and other tools for exegesis; and translation of selected passages from some of the more difficult books of the New Testament.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT670 • Independent Study in New Testament. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul). Special Notes: Permission is required.

NT702 • The Parables of Jesus. 3 Credits.

The meaning, authenticity, and theology of the parables, as well as the principles and praxis of interpreting parables, are studied.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT705 • New Testament Background. 3 Credits.

A study of the Jewish and Greco-Roman historical, religious, and literary background of the New Testament. Emphasis is placed on primary source material.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT709 • The Historical Jesus. 3 Credits.

This course is a study of the origin and development of the three quests for the historical Jesus. The critical methodologies of each quest will be studied, along with the various portraits of Jesus proposed by the scholars of these quests. The context for the course is the worshipping community as it encounters Jesus and the renewal of worship that flows from meeting Him.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT716 • New Testament Models of Spiritual Formation. 3 Credits.

An exploration of key models of spiritual formation found in the New Testament. This course will seek to combine the best of biblical study skills in the exegesis of several New Testament passages with their proper application to the spiritual formation of one's own life and ministry.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul). Special Notes: Cognate credit with SP716.

NT716DI • New Testament Models for Spiritual Formation. 3 Credits.

An exploration of key models of spiritual formation found in the New Testament. This course will seek to combine the best of biblical study skills in the exegesis of several New Testament passages with their proper application to the spiritual formation of one's own life and ministry. Cognate credit with SP716DI.

NT750 • Seminar in Textual Criticism. 3 Credits.

A study of paleography, sources of information about the text (Greek manuscripts, ancient versions, and patristic quotations), history of the text, principles of evaluation of variant readings, and actual evaluation of variant readings.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT751 • Seminar in the Canon of the New Testament. 1.5,3 Credits.

A study of the reasons for the initial delay in the emergence of an NT canon and for its eventual emergence, the principles of selection, and the history of the development of the canon. The last item is treated both chronologically and in terms of the individual books that were accepted or rejected.
Prerequisites: BT510 (St Paul).

NT751DE • Seminar in NT. 1.5,3 Credits.

A study of the reasons for the initial delay in the emergence of an NT canon and for its eventual emergence, the principles of selection, and the history of the development of the canon. The last item is treated both chronologically and in terms of the individual books that were accepted or rejected. Prerequites: BI510 (St. Paul) or BI510 (San Diego).

OT514 • The Old Testament and the Interpreter. 3 Credits.

An examination of the books of the Old Testament, focusing on themes, theology, and interpretive methodologies coupled with consideration of the person of the interpreter: who they are, what they bring to the text, and who they are becoming as a result of encountering God through the Old Testament.
Prerequisites: BT510 Campus: St. Paul Special Notes: Enrollment is limited to MAMFT or Post-Graduate Certificate in M.F.T. students.

OT516 • Old Testament Survey: Law, Prophets and Writings. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the Old Testament focused on the message and proper interpretation of OT books, their ancient Near Eastern historical and literary contexts, and theological purposes, with the goal of recontextualizing their messages in ministry contexts today.
Prerequisites:BT510/BI510 (may be concurrent).

OT516YL • Old Testament Introduction (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

The course introduces the study of the Old Testament as the Word of God by an exploration of the Writings (Ketubim), the third portion of the Hebrew canon in English translation. This section includes Psalms, Job, Proverbs, the Scrolls (Ruth, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Lamentations, and Esther), Daniel, Ezra-Nehemiah, and Chronicles. These varied books will be studied from a historical, literary, and theological perspective. Focus will be on original meaning, contemporary significance and the hermeneutical principles that allow us living at the beginning of the twenty-first century to appropriate these ancient books.

OT518 • Old Testament: Exegetical Explorations. 3 Credits.

A study of selected texts, themes, and theology of the Old Testament with the goal of developing greater skills in genre analysis, contextual study, and theological reflection and engagement.
Prerequisites: BT510/BI510 and OT516.

OT518DE • Old Testament: Exegetical Explorations. 3 Credits.

A study of selected texts, themes, and theology of the Old Testament with the goal of developing greater skills in genre analysis, contextual study, and theological reflection and engagement.
Prerequisites: BT510/BI510 OT516.

OT541 • Hebrew I: Beginning Hebrew. 3 Credits.

A study of the fundamentals of biblical Hebrew with respect to forms (morphology) and simple relationships (syntax). Special emphasis will be placed on preparing the student for the subsequent exegesis of the Old Testament.

OT542 • Hebrew II: Intermediate Hebrew. 3 Credits.

A review and expansion of Beginning Hebrew, including morphology, syntax, vocabulary building, and translation, with a goal toward developing a proper exegetical methodology. The course will also include an introduction to textual criticism.
Prerequisites: OT541.

OT542DE • Hebrew II: Intermediate Hebrew. 3 Credits.

A review and expansion of Beginning Hebrew, including morphology, syntax, vocabulary building, and translation, with a goal toward developing a proper exegetical methodology. The course will also include an introduction to textual criticism.
Prerequisites: OT541.

OT601 • Exposition of Genesis. 3 Credits.

An investigation into the book of Genesis, with special emphasis on the nature and theology of Israel's primeval history and the patriarchal narratives. Emphasis is also placed on the theological and homiletical value of selected texts.
Prerequisites: (St Paul) BT510.

OT601DI • Exposition of Genesis. 1.5,3 Credits.

An investigation into the book of Genesis, with special emphasis on the nature and theology of Israel's primeval history and the patriarchal narratives. Emphasis is also placed on the theological and homiletical value of selected texts.

OT602 • Exposition of Exodus. 3 Credits.

An investigation into Israel's literary traditions of the nation's exodus from Egypt. The focus is on the nature and theology of the deliverance narratives and on the Sinaitic revelation. Emphasis also is placed on the significance of this revelation in Israelite history and theology, as well as its relevance for today.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT603 • Exposition of Deuteronomy. 3 Credits.

An investigation into the literary form and theology of the book of Deuteronomy. Emphasis will be placed on the nature of covenant relationship and the significance of the book of Deuteronomy in Israelite and Christian tradition.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT605 • Exposition of the Book of Judges. 3 Credits.

An investigation into the book of Judges as a representative sample of Deuteronomistic historiography. Emphasis will be placed on the literary nature of the book, its distinctive message, and its relevance for the church today.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT609 • Exposition of Ezra and Nehemiah. 3 Credits.

The postexilic period contains a rich story of the struggles of a small community of believers against a loss of ethnic and religious identity, poiltical persectution, and economic failure. Through the stirring of God's Spirit, bold new steps were taken to preserve the faith and solidarity of the covenant people.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT610 • Exposition of the Book of Job. 1.5,3 Credits.

An investigation into the special literary qualities and message of the book of Job. Emphasis will be placed on the conrtibution made by this book to a biblical understanding of grief and suffering, and how God's sovereignty, justice, and wisdom are related to human behavior. The pastoral implications of its message for today is explored.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT611 • Exposition of the Book of Psalms. 1.5,3 Credits.

A study of the prayers for God’s help in times of trouble, hymns of praise to worship God the King, and the nation’s hopes for the coming of the Messianic Son of David.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT612 • Exposition of the Book of Proverbs. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the setting of the book of Proverbs in the wisdom milieu of the ancient Near East. Each section of the book is mined for the practical wisdom it provides. Application is made to our contemporary experience and ministry.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT613 • Exposition of Isaiah. 3 Credits.

A study of Isaiah's call for Judah to trust God, the great King and Savior of the nation. God will judge all proud nations, forgive the people's sin through the death of the suffering servant, and establish His eternal kingdom.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT614 • Exposition of Jeremiah. 3 Credits.

A seminar on Jeremiah's doubts about his call, his powerful preaching of judgment and hope, his agony and lamentations concerning repeated threats and persecutions, and his commitment to unveil the deceptive message of the religious leaders of his day.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT615 • Exposition of Ezekiel. 3 Credits.

A study of the ministry and message of Ezekiel, paying particular attention to his understanding of his audience, his response to the conditions of his audience, and his method of communicating his message.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT616 • Exposition of Daniel. 3 Credits.

An analysis of the visions and stories in Daniel to understand how the sovereign rule of God over the world brings hope to Babylonians as well as Israelite exiles who wait for His future kingdom amid persecution.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT617 • Exposition of Hosea. 3 Credits.

An exegetical study of Hosea with the goal of understanding its central message and theological themes addressed to his ancient audience as well as gaining insight into the ministry of prophetic leadership from Hosea’s perspective. Attention will be given to the significance of Hosea for life and ministry in the 21st century.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT618 • Exposition of Amos. 3 Credits.

A detailed study of the text, structure, and background of Amos' critique of social oppression against the poor, false expectations of blessing by the rich, and empty ritual at Israelite places of worship.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT620 • Exposition of Micah. 1.5,3 Credits.

An analysis of the message of the prophet Micah with special emphasis on the methods used to persuade his audience to transform their veiw of reality.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT652 • Hebrew Exegesis. 1.5 Credits.

Exegesis of select texts from the Hebrew Bible. The primary emphasis will be on translation and syntactical work, with some attention given to text-critical, lexical, and grammatical review.
Prerequisites: BT510/BI510 and OT542.

OT652DI • Hebrew III: Hebrew Exegesis. 1.5 Credits.

Exegesis of select texts from the Hebrew Bible. The primary emphasis will be on translation and syntactical work, with some attention given to text-critical, lexical and grammatical review. Pre-req: BT/BI510 and OT542.

OT670 • Independent Study in Old Testament. 0.5-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

OT700 • Exposition of Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Songs. 3 Credits.

An investigation into the role of wisdom in Israelite society and the distinctive nature of Israelite wisdom literature. Special emphasis is placed on the ancient Near Eastern cultural environment, from which this material arose, as well as the relevance of Israelite wisdom in developing a biblical ethic for today.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT710 • Historical Geography and Archaeology. 1.5,3 Credits.

A survey of the time, place and culture in which God's revelation was delivered. Topics include regional aspects of the land of the Bible, the relationship of humans to their environment, the concept of "place" and its effects, and the theological concept of "land." .
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

OT716 • Old Testament Theology. 3 Credits.

A discussion of various theological perspectives on such prominent themes in the Old Testament revelation as creation, anthropology, sin, covenant, sacrifice, and law.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510. Special Notes: Crosslisted with BT716 and TS716.

OT751 • Seminar in Old Testament. 3 Credits.

Discussion of problems being raised by Old Testament research with extended reading in relevant contemporary literature. Topics of investigation are determined on the basis of student need and interest. Prerequisite: permission of the professor.
Prerequisites: (St. Paul) BT510.

PC512 • Introduction to Pastoral Care and Counseling. 3 Credits.

Introduces students to the minister’s shepherding functions, then guides them to practical applications in preventive teaching, counseling, and shaping of healthy community life. This course includes a practicum that forms the core learning. Lectures deal with typical situations faced in pastoral ministry. Evaluation of the student focuses on personal integration.
Prerequisites: SP510.

PC563A • Professional Internship A. 1 Credit.

This course is for Saint Paul students who wish to include CPE experience as part of their professional internship experience. Students participate in a total of 600-hours of ministry service in an accredited ACPE center (400/440-hours) and an approved non-chaplaincy setting (200- hours). Students contract with a CPE site for a supervised experience in a hospital, hospice site, elder care facility, homeless shelter, or affiliated CPE chaplaincy site.
Prerequisites: TL001, TL561, PC512. Special Notes: Supervisory fees are paid directly to the CPE center; this fee is deducted from the Bethel Seminary charges for course credits for PC563A-B. Students complete the required internship hours in a secondary non-chaplaincy setting such as a church or non-profit ministry setting.

PC563B • Professional Internship B. 1 Credit.

This course is for Saint Paul students who wish to include CPE experience as part of their professional internship experience. Students participate in a total of 600-hours of ministry service in an accredited ACPE center (400/440-hours) and an approved non-chaplaincy setting (200- hours). Students contract with a CPE site for a supervised experience in a hospital, hospice site, elder care facility, homeless shelter, or affiliated CPE chaplaincy site.
Prerequisites: TL001, TL561, PC512. Special Notes: Supervisory fees are paid directly to the CPE center; this fee is deducted from the Bethel Seminary charges for course credits for PC563A-B. Students complete the required internship hours in a secondary non-chaplaincy setting such as a church or non-profit ministry setting.

PC565A • Clinical Pastoral Education Internship. 1.5 Credits.

Students participate in a total of 600-hours of ministry service in an accredited ACPE center (400/440-hours) and an approved chaplaincy setting (200-hours). Students contract with a CPE site for a supervised experience in a hospital, hospice site, elder care facility, homeless shelter, or affiliated CPE chaplaincy site. Supervisory fees are paid directly to the CPE center; these fees are reimbursed to students from the Bethel Seminary PC565A-B course tuition. Students complete the required internship hours in a secondary chaplaincy setting such as a health care facility, educational institution, business or corporation, correctional institution, or military facility.
Prerequisites: PC512. Special Notes: This course is for San Diego MA and MDiv students with a Chaplaincy Concentration. Campus: San Diego

PC565B • Clinical Pastoral Education Internship. 1.5 Credits.

Students participate in a total of 600-hours of ministry service in an accredited ACPE center (400/440-hours) and an approved chaplaincy setting (200-hours). Students contract with a CPE site for a supervised experience in a hospital, hospice site, elder care facility, homeless shelter, or affiliated CPE chaplaincy site. Supervisory fees are paid directly to the CPE center; these fees are deducted from the Bethel Seminary charges for course credits for PC565A-B. Students complete the required internship hours in a secondary chaplaincy setting such as a health care facility, educational institution, business or corporation, correctional institution, or military facility.
Prerequisites: PC512. Special Notes: This course is for San Diego students with a chaplaincy concentration. Students pay a vocational assessment fee. Campus: San Diego

PC600 • Principles of Counseling. 3 Credits.

This course is designed to provide a foundation of basic skills for people who would like to enhance their therapy and pastoral care abilities. It combines theoretical understanding and hands-on practice of essential counseling microskills and can serve as the prerequisite counseling course for people transferring to the M.A.M.F.T. program.

PC607YL • The Minister as Person (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

This course is designed to equip individual to lead an incarnational youth ministry with effective discipleship of young people. Building volunteer teams for ministry is also an important element of the course. Focus is given to spiritual development of the student, the ministry of discipleship, development of volunteer teams for ministry, fundraising and administration. The role of camping ministry and its implications for discipleship is also emphasized.

PC610 • Pastoral Counseling Skills. 1.5 Credits.

A study and practice of basic pastoral counseling skills needed for pastoral ministry. Includes exploration of methodology of counseling and practice through role playing.
Special Notes: San Diego only.

PC632 • Pastoral Care of Children and Families. 3 Credits.

This course provides students the theological, theoretical, and practical applications necessary for providing effective pastoral care to children and families. A variety of issues facing children and families are explored. The helping relationship and helping skills are practiced. Emphasis will be placed on the personal and professional self-understanding of the pastor. This course will invite students to process their own family of origin and gain an understanding of family systems and how these elements impact the provision of pastoral care.

PC652 • Christian Spiritual Life: Henri Nouwen. 3 Credits.

A study of major themes in the thought of Henri Nouwen (1932-1996), internationally one of the most influential Christian spiritual writers of our generation. The emphasis is on primary sources, set in the framework of his life and development, and complemented by reflections from the instructor, who served as a teaching fellow with Nouwen during his Harvard years (1983-1985). The goal is for this experience to provide critical insights and personal values that illuminate and encourage our lives as beloved and faithful children of the Lord.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with SP652 and HS652.

PC670 • Independent Study in Pastoral Care and Counseling. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

PC705 • Clinical Pastoral Education. 1-3 Credits.

Students contract under an accredited CPE center for one unit of CPE, a 400-hour supervised experience, usually in a hospital or nursing care center. CPE is particularly important for persons who plan to enter chaplaincy posts of various kinds, but it is also applicable to many other ministry settings. The credits may be applied as pastoral care electives but may not be applied to professional internship requirements.
Prerequisites: PC512. Special Notes:Supervisory fees are paid directly to the CPE center. This fee is deducted from the charges Bethel Seminary makes for the course credits for PC705. Pass/Fail. A passing grade will be assigned when the Office of the Registrar receives, from the student, a notarized copy of the ACPE Certificate of Completion.

PC710 • Pastoral Care of Youth. 3 Credits.

Students with strong interest in youth ministry focus on social, psychological, and spiritual issues of that developmental age group. Includes discussion of youth culture, youth identity crises, drug abuse, rebellion, evangelism, vocational issues, sex education, and parent-child conflict.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with DC710.

PC711 • Marriage, Pre-Marriage and Family Counseling. 3 Credits.

Gives ministry students an overview of basic principles involved in marriage and family counseling for use in church, not clinical settings. Focuses on short-term counseling methodology.

PC714 • Developing Spiritually Healthy Families. 3 Credits.

In this course, students examine the theological bases for biblical parenting as well as current educational theory concerning effective and dysfunctional parenting behaviors. Since the American culture has become a hostile environment for Christian families, students also are explosed to typical issues that confront Christian parents and, through practical applications, are prepared to promote the emotional and spiritual well being of church families, including their own.

PC720 • Cross-Cultural Counseling. 3 Credits.

Explores the role of the belief system in a variety of cultures from a psycho-social-theological perspective. The processes of self-examination, inquiry, and formulating counseling paradigms are examined to gain insights that can be generalized to other belief systems. Students explore the psychological effects of racism as factors used in counseling of the perpetrator, benefactor, and victim.

PC723 • Counseling Through the Experience of Grief and Loss. 3 Credits.

Students explore their own losses, as well as the literature addressing bereavement, for purposes of counseling and pastoral care. Small group processing, as well as larger class discussion, involve the student in preparation for dealing with this topic on all kinds of levels in church and community.

PC729 • Chaplaincy in Contemporary Society. 3 Credits.

This course examines the diverse and expanding roles of the professional chaplain in contemporary society. It also examines the basic elements of counseling theory, comparing secular and Christian examples of theory and practice. The overall purpose of the course is to ground the student in the theology and basic theories relevant for a professional institutional pastoral care ministry in faith, multi-faith, and/or secular contexts including denominations, hospital/medical care, the armed services, and police and/or fire departments, as well as business and industry.

PC742 • Ministering to Families. 3 Credits.

Sees the modern family as an object of study with the objective of creating prevention-oriented educational ministries in churches. Studies issues such as divorce, crime, sexual issues, unemployment, social mobility, and disintegrating social/family norms and sanctions, and plans ways of educating church attendees in order to help them more successfully manage in today's world.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with DC742.

PC745 • Family Systems. 3 Credits.

This course discusses basic family dynamics with special emphasis on encouraging students to develop a congruent theological and theoretical perspective on families. Relevant family topics are addressed with opportunities for students to apply theoretical principles to actual family situations, including their own. Special attention is given to a family’s interaction with the institutional church and ways in which pastors can minister more effectively to a broad range of families.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with DC745.

PC754 • Perspectives on Evil and Suffering. 3 Credits.

This course explores two distinct approaches to suffering and evil. Theologians, philosophers, and apologists try to explain why evil exists in a world created by a good God. Pastoral theologians and counselors attempt to help people who are suffering. Course participants attempt integration of the categories, resources, and responses typical of these two areas as they seek answers to the question, "What can theologians and caregivers learn from each other? .
Prerequisites: TS512 Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS754 and PH754.

PC755 • Family Systems. 1.5 Credits.

This course discusses basic family dynamics with special emphasis on encouraging students to develop a congruent theological and theoretical perspective on families. Relevant family topics are addressed with opportunities for students to apply theoretical principles to actual family situations, including their own. Special attention is given to a family’s interaction with the institutional church and ways in which pastors can minister more effectively to a broad range of families.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with DC755.

PC759 • Growing through Small Groups. 3 Credits.

Examines the need for small groups within congregational life, strategies for forming groups, leading groups, how they provide the basic needs of pastoral care, and how they become the essential building block for growing a missional church.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with DC759 and ML759. Campus: San Diego.

PC870 • Independent Study in Pastoral Care. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor. Permission is required.

PH620 • Methods and Themes in Christian Thought. 3 Credits.

An introduction to key concepts, figures themes, and methodological approaches within the history of Christian thought. It involves an overview study of the history of the complex relationship between philosophy and theology from Plato to postmodernism. Key philosophical themes are drawn from metaphysics, ontology, phenomenology, and the question of religious language. Key theological themes are drawn from the doctrines of God, revelation, and the nature of humanity. Methods include historical, philosophical, systematic, and contextual theologies. Special attention is given to points of intersection among these approaches.

PH655 • Integrative Hermeneutics. 3 Credits.

An in-depth look at the human experience of interpretation, through the grid of philosophical hermeneutics and its intersections to theology.
Prerequisites: BT510 Special Notes: Crosslisted with BT655.

PH665 • History of Philosophy of Religion. 3 Credits.

This course explores the discourse of philosophical hermeneutics, discussing questions of how we interpret and how language functions in both communication and understanding. It studies significant philosophers and theologians in the field of hermeneutics, and also pays particular attention to the discourses of postmodernism as a philosophical outlook as well as to diverse, marginalized voices regarding their contribution to interpretation of the Bible. The course considers the interpretation of written, sacred texts, but also considers the phenomena of text and “textuality” more broadly, from an integrated theological and philosophical lens.
Prerequisites: TS512.

PH670 • Independent Study in Philosophy of Religion. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

PH733 • Theology and Science. 3 Credits.

A discussion of the interface between two important modes of knowledge: theology and science. Taking a history and philosophy of science approach, this course evaluates theology and science as two methods for explaining aspects of reality. It discusses whether the results of science have theological import or the axioms of theology may have scientific significance.
Prerequisites: PH606. Special Notes: Crosslisted with TS733.

PH754 • Perspectives on Evil and Suffering. 3 Credits.

This course explores two distinct approaches to suffering and evil. Theologians, philosophers, and apologists try to explain why evil exists in a world created by a good God. Pastoral theologians and counselors attempt to help people who are suffering. Course participants attempt integration of the categories, resources, and responses typical of these two areas as they seek answers to the question, "What can theologians and caregivers learn from each other? .
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Crosslisted with PC754 and TS754.

PH770 • Thesis in Christian Thought. 3 Credits.

This is an individual, guided research course which culminates in a master's-level academic paper and a defense of the thesis. Students generally choose the thesis option (rather than the project option) if they intend to pursue an academic vocation in theology or related disciplines and if they intend to further their studies at the doctorate level. Other students may choose this option because they are interested in high-level research at the master's level and if they wish to study a topic in depth. The course is spread out over two semesters, with the first semester designated for the proposal and primary research stage and the final semester designated for research, writing, and defense.
Prerequisites: TS512.

PH775 • Project in Christian Thought. 3 Credits.

This option is designed for Christian Thought students who want to concentrate on the practical, or “praxis,” application of Christian Thought to ministry (i.e. preaching, church planting, teaching, pastoral counseling, social work, and social justice ministry, etc.). While the student does not write a master's thesis, there is a written component (a summative, reflection paper) to the project option. The primary work, however, is accomplished through a mentored internship experience which is designed in collaboration with the student, the Christian Thought program director, and the Office of Formation, Supervised Ministry, and Placement. The objective is to provide the student an opportunity to apply Christian Thought to a practical arena of ministry related to the student’s vocational interests and goals. The course is split into two semesters, with one credit designated for the proposal and preparation stage and the final two credits for the implementation and written reflection. The course is taken over the final two semesters of a student’s program.
Prerequisites: TS512.

PH780 • Senior Integrative Seminar: Missional Apologetics. 3 Credits.

This course involves the strategic application of theology and Christian thought to the practical tasks of evangelism and mission—with special emphasis on postmodern, pluralist, and post-Christian contexts. It begins from the starting point that successful evangelism and mission today requires a holistic combination of intellectual, social, and spiritual engagement. The course is explicitly integrative, drawing on theology, philosophy, culture studies, leadership, and spiritual formation. Prerequisite: Must be taken in the student’s final year.
Prerequisites: TS512.

SP001 • Formation Assessments. 0 Credit.

Formation assessments are a program requirement for all degree seeking students. Formation is an important value at Bethel Seminary. With a focus on self-awareness, Formation Assessments are designed to promote spiritual and personal development.

SP002 • Formation Assessments. 0 Credit.

Formation assessments are a program requirement for all degree seeking students. Formation is an important value at Bethel Seminary. With a focus on self-awareness, Formation Assessments are designed to promote spiritual and personal development.

SP003 • Formation Assessments. 0 Credit.

Formation assessments are a program requirement for all degree seeking students. Formation is an important value at Bethel Seminary. With a focus on self-awareness, Formation Assessments are designed to promote spiritual and personal development.

SP004 • Formation Assessments (MFT). 0 Credit.

Formation assessments are a program requirement for all degree seeking students. Formation is an important value at Bethel Seminary. With a focus on self-awareness, Formation Assessments are designed to promote spiritual and personal development.

SP510 • Introduction to Spiritual and Personal Formation. 3 Credits.

This course introduces students to the process of spiritual and personal formation. Students will explore spiritual theology, models and themes for formation and faith development, and cultural and gender dimensions of formation models and traditions. Students will examine their own spiritual journeys, spiritual disciplines, and relationships with God. Course methodology and praxis include discussion, individual and small group reflections, and video and lecture presentations.
Prerequisites: SP001, SP002 or SP003 (could be concurrent).

SP520DE • Introduction to Spiritual and Personal Formation A. 1.5 Credits.

These two courses (SP520DE and SP521DE) introduce students to the process of spiritual and personal formation. Students will explore spiritual theology, models and themes for formation and faith development, and cultural and gender dimensions of formation models and traditions. Students will examine their own spiritual journeys, spiritual disciplines, and relationships with God. Course methodology and praxis include discussion, individual and small group reflections, video and lecture presentations.

SP521DE • Introduction to Spiritual and Personal Formation B. 1.5 Credits.

These two courses (SP520DE and SP521DE) introduce students to the process of spiritual and personal formation. Students will explore spiritual theology, models and themes for formation and faith development, and cultural and gender dimensions of formation models and traditions. Students will examine their own spiritual journeys, spiritual disciplines, and relationships with God. Course methodology and praxis include discussion, individual and small group reflections, video and lecture presentations.

SP610 • Spiritual and Personal Formation II: Relational Spirituality. 1.5 Credits.

This second spiritual and personal formation course explores the relational nature of Christian spirituality. Students will integrate key biblical insights, theological frameworks, and concepts from the social sciences to examine the ways their beliefs and experiences interact with the people and communities surrounding them. This course will encourage students to examine their own unique God-images and employ varied spiritual disciplines as integral components to sustained individual, relational, and corporate health and spiritual well-being. Course methodology and praxis include discussion, individual and small group reflections, video and lecture presentations, and continued exploration of the spiritual disciplines.
Prerequisites: SP510.

SP612YL • Leadership I (Young Life Staff Trng). 4 Credits.

SP652 • Christian Spiritual Life: Henri Nouwen. 3 Credits.

A study of major themes in the thought of Henri Nouwen (1932-1996), one of the most influential Chrisitan spiritual writers of our generation. The emphasis is on primary sources, set in the framework of his life and development, and complemented by reflections from the instructor, who served as a teaching fellow with Nouwen during the author's Harvard years (1983-1985). The goal is for this experience to provide critical insights and personal values that illuminate and encourage our lives as beloved and faithful children of the Lord.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS652.

SP670 • Independent Study in Spiritual Formation. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor.
Special Notes: Permission is required.

SP686 • The Pietist Tradition. 1.5,3 Credits.

Pietism, "a religion of the heart," signifies a movement launched in the 17th century to reclaim the experiential dimension of Christian faith. This course traces the Pietist impulse in Christian history, evaluates its varied manifestations, and explores the relevance of a biblically-anchored Pietism to the renewal of the contemporary church.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS686 and TS686.

SP703 • Christian Classics. 3 Credits.

An evaluation of important Christian literature, from Augustine's Confessions to C.S. Lewis' Till We Have Faces. Attention will be directed to the context of several types of classics, as well as to their authors and messages.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS703.

SP716 • New Testament Models of Spiritual Formation. 3 Credits.

An exploration of key models of spiritual formation found in the New Testament. This course will seek to combine the best of biblical study skills in the exegesis of several New Testament passages with their proper application to the spiritual formation of one's own life and ministry.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with NT716.

SP716DI • New Testament Models for Spiritual Formation. 3 Credits.

An exploration of key models of spiritual formation found in the New Testament. This course will seek to combine the best of biblical study skills in the exegesis of several New Testament passages with their proper application to the spiritual formation of one's own life and ministry. Crosslisted with NT716DI.

SP716L • New Testament Models for Spiritual Formation Guided Learning Experience (GLE). 0 Credit.

BSOE, only: Guided Learning Experience (GLE) offered with SP716, SP716DI, NT716 and NT716DI.

SP722DI • Coming Home: A Contemplative Journey Toward Wholeness. 1.5,3 Credits.

The ancient desert mothers and fathers journeyed out to the wildness of the desert landscape to find God there, at the ends of life, in the places where they felt uncomfortable and God was allowed to be as expansive as possible. This is an invitation into the wilderness. We will learn ways to stay with ourselves in this new and sometimes frightening place until the vastness of the holy is unearthed right within us and brings us home to ourselves. The wilderness calls us to be with life's messiness, to relinquish our desire to control what is happening, and enter whole-heartedly into life's unfolding. Together we will integrate contemplative practices and explore ways of being in relationship with ourselves, God, and others that are renewing, wise and offer us depth as well as renewed trust. Join a contemplative container; a safe sanctuary space in which to come home. Campus: St Paul.

SP731DI • Soul Care: Tending to our Heart, Mind and Soul. 3 Credits.

This course will explore the value of living an integrated life - heart, mind, soul. It will be an examination of living out the great commandment found in Matthew 22 "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.” Soul care of our heart is about our physical well-being. Soul care of our soul is about our spiritual well-being. Soul care of our mind is about our intellectual well-being. By tending to each one of these area we can live a healthier integrate life - loving God and loving others.

SP735 • Spiritual Theology. 1.5,3 Credits.

The purpose of this course is to encourage and stimulate a growing and meaningful life of devotion. Attention is given to the historical and biblical teaching on prayer. Personal sharing and practical experiences of prayer provide a challenge to apply theory to life. St, Paul and San Diego recommended prerequisite: TS512.

SP749 • Spiritual Direction. 3 Credits.

Development of a working definition of spiritual direction and an understanding of the unique characteristics of discipling, mentoring, counseling, and directing relationships. The roles of director and directee, the life of faith and the growth of prayer, the conduct of spiritual direction relationships, and possible benefits and hazards are among the topics considered. Christian educators, pastors, and lay persons respond to the assignments of the course in ways that are suitable for their particular situations.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with DC749.

SP870 • Independent Study in Spiritual Formation. 1-9 Credits.

Research and study by arrangement with the professor. Permission is required.

TS512 • Systematic Theology I: God the Creator. 3 Credits.

A discussion of the integrative nature and methods of systematic theology; a study of the character of God's self-disclosure in nature and the Bible; an investigation of the being and foundational works of the Triune God; and an analysis of human nature both as it was created by God and as it exists in its present sinful state.

TS512CC • Humanity Christ Salvation Campus Crusade School of Leadership. 1 Credit.

A discussion of the integrative nature and methods of systematic theolgy; a study of the character of God's self-disclosure in nature and the Bible; an investigation of the being and foundational works of the Triune God; and an analysis of human nature both as it was created by God and as it exists in its present sinful state.

TS512YL • Systematic Theology I: Theology and Anthropology (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

This course is specially designed to introduce Young Life staff to the discipline of theology. Its goal is to help students cultivate their capacity to think Christianly, particularly as this relates to the topics of (1) theological method, (2) God and revelation, (3) creation and humankind, and (4) sin. Each student will be encouraged to develop his/her own theological framework, testing its adequacy by Scripture and in dialogue with Christian tradition, the church (including the community of Young Life), personal experience, and contemporary culture.

TS513 • Systematic Theology II: God the Redeemer. 3 Credits.

An investigation of the person of Jesus Christ and the provision of salvation through Christ's work; a study of the person of and general works as associated with the Holy Spirit, and the gift of salvation as believers through the Spirit's redemptive and reconciling work; as well as reflection on God's purposes and activity in the church and God's purposes for history and the future of creation.

TS514 • Christian Theology and the Theologian I: God the Creator. 3 Credits.

This course approaches theology through the perspectives of history, systematics (doctrine), philospohy, and contextuality, while explicitly attending to issues of personal and spiritual formation throughout. This first theology course discusses the topics of the Trinity, revelation, Scripture, creation and anthropology, while focusing on historical and communal understandings, personal and spiritual reflections, and ethical applications of these themes. This course will include a small group theological reflection component.
Prerequisites: BT514. Campus: St. Paul. Special Notes: Enrollment is limited to students in the St. Paul MAMFT program.

TS515 • Christian Theology and the Theologian II: God the Redeemer. 3 Credits.

This course approaches theology through the perspectives of history, systematics (doctrine), philosophy, and contextuality, while explicitly attending to issues of personal and spiritual formation throughout. This second course discusses the topics of Christ, the Holy Spirit, salvation, the church, and eschatology, while focusing on historical and communal understandings, personal reflections, and ethical applications of these themes. This course will include a small group theological reflection component.
Campus: St. Paul. Special Notes: Enrollment is limited to St. Paul MAMFT students only.

TS516 • Christian Social Ethics. 3 Credits.

A study of the ethical dimension of Christian theology. This class begins with an analysis of theoretical ethics, terminology, approaches, and biblical bases, and then concentrates on the application of ethical theory to specific ethical issues facing Christians today.
Prerequisites: TS512 TS513 (St Paul). TS512, TS513, BI510 (recommended San Diego).

TS517DE • Christian Social Ethics for the Workplace. 3 Credits.

A study of the ethical dimensions of Christian theology for leadership and workplace contexts. The class begins with an overview and analysis of ethical theory, terminology, approaches, and biblical bases, and then brings this ethical reflection into conversation with leadership theory and an emerging theology of faith, work, and economics. Application of ethical theory will focus on leadership and workplace issues facing Christian leaders today.
Campus: St. Paul. Special Notes: Crosslisted with ML517DE.

TS520 • Theology & Psychological Theory: An Integrative Seminar. 3 Credits.

This course is an investigation of selected doctrines from theological and psychological perspectives. Team-taught by a theology professor and a MFT/MHC professor, it is designed to facilitate faith-therapy integration in the domains of theory, professional practice, and personal formation.
Prerequisites: MF625 or MH625. Campus: San Diego.

TS530 • Faith and Public Life. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the public nature of Christian belief and practice, highlighting diverse expressions of faith-culture interaction. Different types and facets of culture engagement are defined and explored, including intercultural, interdisciplinary, interreligious, ethical, and apologetic concerns. Cultural agency is connected to theological reflection, spiritual formation, and vocational leadership. Campus: St. Paul.

TS531DI • Theologies of Salvation and Atonement. 3 Credits.

This course is an exploration into the variety of Christian expressions of soteriology, understood both historically and contextually. Historically, various approaches to and developments within notable theologies of salvation and atonement are highlighted from major periods, including the patristic, medieval, Reformation, modern, and postmodern era. Contextually, contemporary approaches and debates are considered.

TS601 • History of Christian Thought: The Early Church to Scholasticism. 1.5,3 Credits.

A survey of the major historical, cultural, and theological factors influencing the development of doctrine to Aquinas, with major analysis of the work of the Ante- and Post-Nicene councils and their subsequent influence on the articulation of the structure of theological thought.
Prerequisites: HS510. Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS601.

TS602 • History of Christian Thought: Scholasticism to Enlightenment. 1.5,3 Credits.

An analysis of theological renewal based on an inductive study from the writings of Wycliffe, Hus, Luther, Calvin, the Anabaptists, Elizabethan-American Puritans, and John Wesley.
Prerequisites: HS510. Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS602.

TS603 • History of Christian Thought: 19th Century to the Present. 1.5,3 Credits.

An analysis of the antecedents of contemporary theology as reflected in the formative periods of the 19th century to the present, with particular reference to the modern era and its significance in contemporary church life.
Prerequisites: HS510. Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS603.

TS603DI • History of Christian Thought: 19th Century to the Present. 1.5,3 Credits.

An analysis of the antecedents of contemporary theology as reflected in the formative periods of the 19th century to the present, with particular reference to the modern era and its significance in contemporary church life. (Cognate credit with HS603.) Prerequisite: HS510.

TS605 • Theology and Contemporary Culture. 3 Credits.

An engagement with current, popular forms of cultural expression - movies, music, television, sports, social media, etc. - and their relevance to Christian thought and practice. This course emphasizes cultural hermeneutics: how interpretations of culture can shape and inform theological reflection, public action, vocational identity, and missional engagement. Campus: St. Paul.

TS605DE • Theology and Contemporary Culture. 3 Credits.

An engagement with current, popular forms of cultural expression - movies, music, television, sports, social media, etc. - and their relevance to Christian thought and practice. This course emphasizes cultural hermeneutics: how interpretations of culture can shape and inform theological reflection, public action, vocational identity, and missional engagement. Campus: St. Paul.

TS606 • Apologetics. 1.5,3 Credits.

This course considers how best to accomplish the task of defending and commending the substance of the Christian faith in a culture increasingly indifferent to matters of truth. After assessing the contemporary intellectual milieu, it identifies and evaluates various evidences for Christianity, pursues answers to key problematic issues, and concludes with a study of the relationship between apologetics and evangelism.
Prerequisites: TS512.

TS613YL • Soteriology, Christology, Pneumatology (Young Life Staff Training). 3 Credits.

This course is designed to provide a theological understanding of Christian beliefs about Christ, salvation, and the Holy Spirit. Topics covered will include (1) biblical and historical developments of Christo¬logical and pneumatological traditions, (2) the contemporary and contextual/intercultural varieties of these doctrines, (3) approaches to election, atonement, salvation, and forgiveness, (4) ecumenism and reconciliation of communities. An Evangelical theology will be constructed in dialogue with ecumenical and intercultural perspectives, and in light of the church’s mission and other religions.

TS630 • Eschatology and Hope. 3 Credits.

This course explores the themes of eschatology, or the doctrine of the “last things,” with particular attention to the ways in which it contributes hope for humanity and for the purpose of creation. While engaging the thought of major contemporary theologians, this course focuses on the relation between eschatology and Christology, soteriology, and political and practical/pastoral theology. Attention is also given to the relation between eschatology and theodicy, Christian spirituality and ecological ethics.
Prerequisites: TS512.

TS632 • World Religions. 1.5,3 Credits.

This couse is a study of the world religions that provide structures of belief and meaning for vast numbers of people in America and globally. A primary goal is to develop the understanding and sensitivities necessary to represent Christ attractively, and communicate His Gospel intelligibly, to adherents of these faiths. It is also an opportunity to develop an informed Christian theology of religions.
Prerequisites: recommended to have taken TS512. Special Notes: Crosslisted with GC632.

TS632DE • World Religions. 1.5-3 Credits.

This couse is a study of the world religions that provide structures of belief and meaning for vast numbers of people in America and globally. A primary goal is to develop the understanding and sensitivities necessary to represent Christ attractively, and communicate His Gospel intelligibly, to adherents of these faiths. It is also an opportunity to develop an informed Christian theology of religions.
Special Notes: Students are recommended to have taken TS512.

TS633 • The Church and Social Issues. 3 Credits.

An in-depth study of contemporary social challenges and questions, particularly in North American society, but with a view to the reality of globalization. The guiding question is: How does Scripture and the Gospel apply to the most difficult and pressing issues of the day and how can the church be involved? Particular issues are at the discretion of the instructor, but they will likely include (though not be limited to): diversity and racism, human sexuality, economics and poverty, and food and agriculture.
Prerequisites: TS512.

TS634 • Religious Pluralism. 1.5,3 Credits.

This course explores the theological issue of religious pluralism from a Christian and evangelical perspective. Students explore the historical and contemporary expressions of pluralism as represented by such thinkers as John Hick, John Cobb, and Raimundo Panikkar, among others. Special attention is given to Christological questions posed by pluralism and appropriate theological and apologetic responses. Practical and constructive methodologies are incorporated.
Prerequisites: TS512.

TS634DE • Religious Pluralism. 1.5,3 Credits.

This course explores the theological issue of religious pluralism from a Christian and evangelical perspective. Students explore the historical and contemporary expressions of pluralism as represented by such thinkers as John Hick, John Cobb, and Raimundo Panikkar, among others. Special attention is given to Christological questions posed by pluralism and appropriate theological and apologetic responses. Practical and constructive methodologies are incorporated.
Prerequisites: TS512.

TS635DE • World Religions. 1.5 Credits.

A study of world religions (including Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, and Hispanic Catholicism) that provide structures of belief and meaning for vast numbers of people in America and globally. The goal is to develop understandings and sensitivity that will enable students to represent Christ more attractively, and communicate His gospel more intelligibly, to adherents of these faiths.
Prerequisites: TS512 (recommended).

TS640 • Biblical Justice. 1.5 Credits.

A focused examination of a biblically-informed view of justice and action-oriented responsibility. Attention is given to theological hermeneutics, in conversation with the sciences. Special consideration is given to race, gender, class, and other issues of contemporary significance. Active justice is explored in relation to spiritual formation in cultural, ecclesial, and vocational contexts. Campus: St. Paul.

TS640DE • Biblical Justice. 1.5 Credits.

A focused examination of a biblically-informed view of justice and action-oriented responsibility. Attention is given to theological hermeneutics, in conversation with the sciences. Special consideration is given to race, gender, class, and other issues of contemporary significance. Active justice is explored in relation to spiritual formation in cultural, ecclesial, and vocational contexts. Campus: St. Paul.

TS653 • John Calvin: International Reformer. 3 Credits.

This course analyzes and evaluates the mature theology of John Calvin as presented in the 1559 edition of the Institutes of the Christian Religion.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS653.

TS662 • Kierkegaard and Postmodernity. 3 Credits.

This course explores the philosophical and theological thought of Soren Kierkegaard, a 19th century Danish author who has influenced deeply postmodern thinking. Scholarship on Kierkegaard has exploded in the last few decades and a new sensitivity to his contribution to Christian theology has emerged. We explore the basic structure and themes of his authorship by engaging and analyzing selected primary texts. What are the implications of his work for evangelical Christian faith in contemporary culture? .
Prerequisites: TS512.

TS670 • Independent Study in Theology. 1-9 Credits.

Research focused on a particular theological issue or topic may be pursued under independent arrangement with the professor involved.
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Permission is required.

TS670E • Independent Study in Ethics. 1-9 Credits.

Research in each of the areas listed under Ethical Studies may be pursued under independent arrangement with the professor involved.
Prerequisites: TS516, TS512. Special Notes: Permission is required.

TS672 • Baptist History and Theology. 1.5,3 Credits.

This course surveys the history, theological convictions and distinctive practices of the Baptist tradition. Contemporary developments, special challenges and promising opportunities will receive focused attention.
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Cognate Credit with HS672.

TS674 • Ministry with the Sacraments. 3 Credits.

This course is an in-depth look at the what, the why, and the how of sacramental ministry in the church, especially as practiced in the Anglican tradition. We begin with a sacramental worldview and theology, move to the dominical sacraments of Baptism and Holy Eucharist, and conclude with the rites of Confirmation, Matrimony, Reconciliation, Unction, and Ordination.
Prerequisites: TS512.

TS675 • Creeds & Confessions of the Reformed Church. 3 Credits.

An exploration of the theology of the Reformed tradition through the study of nine creeds and confessions. The course also discusses how the pressure of church heresies and conflicts, as well as national pressures, brought together some of the most important theological statements the church has produced. In addition, the course explores the theological expressions surrounding the doctrines of the person and nature of Christ, the sacraments, election, the Bible and its interpretation, the church, and the relationship of church and state. This course is one of three offered in San Diego that are required by the local Presbytery for ordination in the PCUSA.
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS675.

TS676 • Reformed Worship and Sacraments. 3 Credits.

An introduction to the history, tradition, and structure of Reformed worship. The course answers questions, gives practical applications, and considers the meaning and observance of the sacraments.
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS676 and ML676.

TS686 • The Pietist Tradition. 1.5,3 Credits.

Pietism, "a religion of the heart," signifies a movement launched in the 17th century to reclaim the experiential dimension of Christian faith. This course traces the Pietist impulse in Christian history, evaluates its varied manifestations, and explores the relevance of a biblically-anchored Pietism to the renewal of the contemporary church.
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS686 and SP686.

TS690 • Anglican Theology and History. 3 Credits.

This course is a survey of the principal events, people, and convictions that shaped theology and practice among the Christians of Great Britain and their descendants, from the Middle Ages to the present. The class includes reading and interacting with authors from the Medieval, Classical, Evangelical, Anglo-Catholic, Liberal, and Charismatic streams of the Anglican tradition.
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Crosslisted with HS690.

TS704 • Movie Theology. 1.5,3 Credits.

A structured workshop in theological evaluation of the heart and mind of contemporary culture as reflected in significant motion pictures. Particular attention is paid to portrayals of the human condition and to religious themes. The goal of the course is to cultivate the art of listening and watching perceptively, with a view to learning whenever possible, and to affirmation or criticism as appropriate.
Prerequisites: TS512 (recommended San Diego).

TS707 • Existentialism in Theology. 3 Credits.

This course introduces key themes and figures in existentialism, with special focus on existentialist theologians and philosophers who have deeply influenced an existential approach to theology (as well as the intersection of theology and psychology). Themes include the nature and meaning of existence, the phenomena of religious faith and doubt, problems of alienation, and courage in suffering and the confrontation with death. The course also considers existentialist ethics (de Beauvoir and Sartre) and the impact of terror management theory on theological ethics and church practice. Other key figures include, but go beyond, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Tillich, and Ernest Becker.
Prerequisites: TS512.

TS726 • History and Theology of Ministry. 3 Credits.

This course invites the student to a survey of important theological expressions and models in the history of Christian ministries from the first century through the present day. We consider selected themes (WISHMAP), illustrated by classic and contemporary sources, within a chronological framework. The goal is for these “voices” to enlighten and inspire our lives in faithful, fruitful service for Jesus Christ and the Kingdom.
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Crosslisted with ML726 and HS726. Campus: San Diego.

TS733 • Theology and Science. 3 Credits.

A discussion of the interface between two important models of knowledge: theology and science. Taking a history and philosophy of science approach, this course evaluates theology and science as two methods for explaining aspects of reality. It discusses whether the results of science have theological import or the axioms of theology may have scientific significance.
Special Notes: Crosslisted with PH733.

TS733DE • Theology and Science. 1.5 Credits.

An examination of scientific culture as it relates to Christian thought and practice. Science and theology are considered as diverse disciplinary practices that can, at times, intersect with respect to methods, goals, and claims about reality. This course asks what makes these practices similar or distinct, and how the sciences can or should interface with theology and ethics. Specific interdisciplinary topics may vary. Campus: St. Paul.

TS735 • Spiritual Theology. 1.5,3 Credits.

This course clarifies the nature of Christian spirituality, makes a case for studying it, examines its biblical, doctrinal and psychological foundations, and then, finally, explores its three Spirit-directed dynamics of relating (to God, others and creation), becoming (holy and whole), and doing (finding our place in the larger purposes of God). Practical assignments and directed experiences provide opportunities to move beyond theory to personal formation.
Prerequisites: TS512 (recommended).

TS739 • Theology in a Global Context. 3 Credits.

This course addresses key intersections between theology and culture and explores questions and issues related to contextuality in theologizing. It does so by close readings, discussions, and analysis of contemporary theologies coming from beyond the traditional Euro-American context, including African, Asian, Latin American and other non-Western contexts. Themes of focus include Christology, anthropology, and the doctrine of salvation.
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Crosslisted with GC739.

TS739DE • Theology in Global Context. 3 Credits.

This course addresses key intersections between theology and culture and explores questions and issues related to contextuality in theologizing. It does so by close readings, discussions, and analysis of contemporary theologies coming from beyond the traditional Euro-American context, including African, Asian, Latin American and other non-Western contexts. Themes of focus include Christology, anthropology and the doctrine of salvation.
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Crosslisted with GC739.

TS742 • Sexual Ethics. 1.5,3 Credits.

A study of human sexual character and sexual expression from the perspectives of Scripture, theology, history, and contemporary thought and practice. Focuses on prevalent misunderstandings and abuses of sexuality, as well as the goodness of sexuality as designed by our Creator, in the lives of both married and single persons. Fornication, adultery, pornography, homosexuality, solo sex, celibacy, marriage, divorce, and remarriage are some of the topics we examine to learn how we may live godly and satisfying lives in an increasingly perverse society.
Prerequisites: TS512 (St. Paul).

TS751 • Seminar in Theology. 3 Credits.

An in-depth study of a particular contemporary theological issue.
Prerequisites: TS512 and TS513.

TS752 • Seminar in Ethics. 3 Credits.

The seminar provides opportunity for skill development in Christian ethics methodology through advanced-level study of a particular ethical issue. Seminar topics are chosen on the basis of contemporary relevance and significance.
Prerequisites: TS512, TS516.

TS754 • Perspectives on Evil and Suffering. 3 Credits.

This course explores two distinct approaches to suffering and evil. Theologians, philosophers, and apologists try to explain why evil exists in a world created by a good God. Pastoral theologians and counselors attempt to help people who are suffering. Course participants attempt integration of the categories, resources, and responses typical of these two areas as they seek answers to the question, "What can theologians and caregivers learn from each other? .
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Crosslisted with PC754 and PH754.

TS774 • Theology of Leadership and Vocation. 3 Credits.

This course will enable students to articulate a theology of leadership in an increasingly post-Christendom context and will also explore the nature of vocation as understood historically and in the present. The course explores the theological nature and biblical rationale for effective leadership and also explores, more broadly, vocation as a gift and responsibility, but does so in the context of reflection on the nature of the kingdom of God. The course culminates in in-depth communal and personal reflection on the question of vocation.
Prerequisites: TS512. Special Notes: Crosslisted with ML774.

TS775DE • Theology of Leadership and Vocation A. 1.5 Credits.

This is a theology/leadership/vocation integrative course designed for CT students, but cross-listed as ML. Ideally it will be co-taught between a BTF instructor and CTL instructor. The course will articulate a theology of leadership in an increasingly post-Christendom context and will also explore the nature of vocation as understood histroically and in the present.

TS776DE • Theology of Leadership and Vocation B. 1.5 Credits.

This is a theology/leadership/vocation integrative course designed for CT students, but cross-listed as ML. Ideally it will be co-taught between a BTF instructor and CTL instructor. The course will articulate a theology of leadership in an increasingly post-Christendom context and will also explore the nature of vocation as understood histroically and in the present.

TS780 • MA(TS) Capstone Course. 3 Credits.

This course aims at integration of the curricular content of the M.A. (T.S.) program with a view to preparing students as they look ahead to future ministries of teaching and, for those who continue on academically, vocational scholarship. The course will incorporate insights from leadership studies that apply to students on these tracks. It will also sensitize students to the cultural dynamics of their anticipated ministry contexts and provide a framework for developing a general theology of culture and cultural agency. The capstone course may be organized around a particular theme or study topic each year.
Prerequisites: TS512. Campus: San Diego

TS781 • Faith and Vocation. 3 Credits.

Capstone course where students are given an opportunity to practice culture engagement from a Christian perspective by applying biblical, theological, historical, ethical, cultural, scientific, and other insights to specific concerns driven by context. Emphasis is placed on the holistic integration of faith, culture, vocation, and spiritual formation as a means of faithful leadership, service, and stewardship. This course must be taken in the final year of study. Campus: St.Paul.